Since his launch Cochrane Rehabilitation has started working to be a bridge between Cochrane and rehabilitation. After a fist period of work organization, the field has started producing actions through its committees: communication, education, methodology, publication and reviews. All the results of this first year of activity are listed in this report.
During its fourth year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation went on to promote evidence-informed health decision-making in rehabilitation. In 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has made it necessary to alter priorities. In these challenging times, Cochrane Rehabilitation has firstly changed its internal organisation and established a new relevant project in line with pandemic needs: the REH-COVER (Rehabilitation - COVID-19 evidence-based response) action. The aim was to focus on the timely collection, review and dissemination of summarised and synthesised evidence relating to COVID-19 and rehabilitation. Cochrane Rehabilitation REH-COVER action has included in 2020 five main initiatives: 1) rapid living systematic reviews on rehabilitation and COVID-19; 2) interactive living evidence map on rehabilitation and COVID-19; 3) definition of the research topics on "rehabilitation and COVID-19" in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) rehabilitation programme; 4) Cochrane Library special collection on Coronavirus (COVID-19) rehabilitation; and 5) collaboration with COVID-END for the topics "rehabilitation" and "disability." Furthermore, we are still carrying on five different special projects: Be4rehab; RCTRACK; definition of rehabilitation for research purposes; ebook project; and a prioritization exercise for Cochrane Reviews production. The Review Working Area continued to identify and "tag" the rehabilitation-relevant reviews published in the Cochrane library; the Publication Working Area went on to publish Cochrane Corners, working more closely with the Cochrane Review Groups (CRGs) and Cochrane Networks, particularly with Cochrane Musculoskeletal, Oral, Skin and Sensory Network; the Education Working Area, the most damaged in 2020, tried to continue performing educational activities such as workshops in different online meetings; the Methodology Working Area organized the third and fourth Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological (CRM) meetings respectively in Milan and Orlando; the Communication Working Area spread rehabilitation evidences through different channels and translated the contents in different languages.
During its third year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation goals included to point out the main methodological issues in rehabilitation research, and to increase the Knowledge Translation activities. This has been performed through its committees and specific projects. In 2019, Cochrane Rehabilitation worked on five different special projects at different stages of development: 1) a collaboration with the World Health Organization to extract the best evidence for Rehabilitation (Be4rehab); 2) the development of a reporting checklist for Randomised Controlled Trials in rehabilitation (RCTRACK); 3) the definition of what is the rehabilitation for research purposes; 4) the ebook project; and 5) a prioritization exercise for Cochrane Reviews production. The Review Committee finalized the screening and "tagging" of all rehabilitation reviews in the Cochrane library; the Publication Committee increased the number of international journals with which publish Cochrane Corners; the Education Committee continued performing educational activities such as workshops in different meetings; the Methodology Committee performed the second Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting and published many papers; the Communication Committee spread the rehabilitation evidence through different channels and translated the contents in different languages. The collaboration with several National and International Rehabilitation Scientific Societies, Universities, Hospitals, Research Centers and other organizations keeps on growing.
During its second year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation worked hard to accomplish new and old goals. The Review Committee completed the massive task of identifying and "tagging" all rehabilitation reviews in the Cochrane library. The Publication Committee signed agreements with several international journals and started the publication of Cochrane Corners. The Education Committee performed educational activities such as workshops in International Meetings. The Methodology Committee has completed a two days Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological Meeting in Paris of which the results will soon be published. The Communication Committee reaches almost 5,000 rehabilitation professionals through social media, and is working on the translation of contents in Italian, Spanish, French, Dutch, Croatian and Japanese. Memoranda of Understanding have been signed with several National and International Rehabilitation Scientific Societies, Universities, Hospitals, Research Centres and other organizations. The be4rehab (best evidence for rehabilitation) project has been started with the World Health Organisation (WHO) to extract from Cochrane reviews and clinical guidelines the best currently available evidence to produce the WHO Minimum Package of Rehabilitation Interventions. The Cochrane Rehabilitation ebook is under development as well as a priority setting exercise with 39 countries from all continents.
ABSTRACT: While the physiatric community increasingly embraces Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM), the current state of EBM training for trainees in physiatry is unclear. The purpose of this article is to report the results of the Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP)'s surveys of physiatry residency programs in the United States (US), to discuss the implications of their findings, and to better delineate the 'baseline' upon which sound and clear recommendations for systematic EBM training can be made. The two AAP surveys of US physiatry residency programs reveal that most survey respondents report that they include EBM training in their programs that covers the five recommended steps of EBM core competencies. However, while most respondents reported using traditional pedagogical methods of training such as journal club, very few reported that their EBM training used a structured and systematic approach. Future work is needed to support and facilitate physiatry residency programs interested in adopting structured EBM training curricula that include recommended EBM core-competencies and the evaluation of their impact.