METHODS: This was a prospective study with patients divided into either the WALANT or GA cohort. The waiting time for surgery, Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale, blood pressure, and heart rate were measured. Postsurgical questionnaires with the visual analog scale were completed. The surgeon's feedback on the ease of ganglion stalk visibility and usage of diathermy as a measure of a bloodless field was recorded. Patients reported the amount of analgesia consumed and overall satisfaction with the operation via the Surgical Satisfaction-8 questionnaire.
RESULTS: A total of 42 patients underwent wrist ganglion excision in 2 orthopedic centers over a period of 2 years, with 21 undergoing GA and 22 undergoing WALANT. The GA group was more anxious about anesthetic use with a higher demand for information about GA (P = .04). The duration of surgery was significantly shorter in the WALANT group and with a lower diathermy usage (P < .001). There was no difference in terms of surgical difficulty and stalk visualization. The visual analog scale pain score was significantly lower in the WALANT group than in the GA group immediately after surgery (P = .04) and on discharge (P = .004). While at home for 2 weeks, the WALANT group (mean = 2.91 tablets) consumed significantly fewer analgesic tablets than the GA group (mean = 6.25 tablets). However, both groups were satisfied with their experience.
CONCLUSIONS: Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet technique in the excision of ganglions provides another option of anesthesia with painless experiences, and no pain rebound after surgery. Patients were less anxious about WALANT than GA. Excision can be performed without diathermy usage with similar visualization of the stalk.
TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic II.