• 1 Sultan Ismail Health Clinic
  • 2 Hospital Sultanah Aminah
  • 3 Tampin Health Clinic
  • 4 Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • 5 Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia
  • 6 Penampang Health Clinic
  • 7 Bentong Health Clinic
  • 8 Bangi Health Clinic
  • 9 Klinik Kesihatan Bintulu
  • 10 Arau Health Clinic
Int J Public Health Res, 2017;7(2):871-877.


Introduction Congenital malformations (CM) comprise a wide range of abnormalities of
body structure or function that are present at birth and are of prenatal origin.
It has contributed to a significant proportion of infant morbidity and
mortality. The aims of this study were to determine the extent and investigate
the relationship between CM and its associated demographic variables.
Methods Data was extracted from Ministry of Health (MOH) database compiled from
the reports on Stillbirth & Under 5 Mortality from year 2013 to 2014.
Results Out of 9,827 child death, 2,840 (28.9%) were classified under CM as defined
under ICD-10 classification. Majority of those with CMs died at neonatal
stage (62.7%) and among mothers aged between 20 to 35 years old (67.3%).
The mean age of mothers among CM children was 30.8±6.5 years old.
Approximately 5.8%, 6.7% and 3.3 % of total CM were neural tube defects,
heart defects and hydrops fetalis respectively. The prevalence of CM in males
was 15% higher than females. The difference were evident between CM and
age of death of children under 5 years old (p