Displaying all 15 publications

  1. Al Hendal A, Al Zamil A, Al Mishaan M
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2008 Jul.
    PMID: 20084779
    We report here a case of primary colorectal T-cell lymphoma of the cecum in a 30-year-old man. Patient presented with a history of abdominal pain, fever, vomiting and hematochezia. Clinical examination was unremarkable and colonoscopy showed an ulcerating mass in the colon. A right hemicolectomy with dissection of the paracolic lymph nodes was performed. The final histopathological examination showed a primary T- cell lymphoma of the cecum. Staging didn't show any involvement in any other sites of the body. Primary colon lymphoma is a rare gastrointestinal tumor that represents less than 1% of the gastrointestinal lymphomas. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma represents a relatively small proportion of lymphomas and has a lower prevalence in Western countries. The risk factors, clinical presentation, staging, prognostic factors and treatment modalities of extra-nodal lymphoma are discussed.
  2. Al-Hendal A, Al-Masri W, Al-Mishaan M, Alexander S
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2009 Jan.
    PMID: 20084789
    We report an unusual case of abscess of the abdominal wall as the initial symptom of a perforated right-sided colon cancer in a 62-year old man. Clinical examination revealed a non-fluctuating, tender, firm mass approximately 7 x 5 cm in diameter with overlying cellulitis in the right loin. Abdominal examination showed a fixed mass on the right side of the abdomen. Computed tomography (CT scan) confirmed the presence of a mass arising from the right colon with infiltration of the subcutaneous tissue by this intra-abdominal mass. Right hemicolectomy with lymph node dissection and en-bloc partial resection of the adherent parietal wall was performed and the final pathology showed a moderately differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma. We report a case of ascending colon cancer presenting by an abscess of the abdominal wall.
  3. Al-Hendal A, Al-Sabbagh AJ, Al-Mishaan M, Abo Dief W
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2010 Jul.
    PMID: 20601339
    We report a case of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a gastrointestinal stromal tumor in a 50-year old man. The patient was having melena for two months, and on admission he was hemodynamically stable. Upper G.I endoscopy showed diffuse gastritis and an extrinsic compressing mass in the upper part of the stomach. CT scan of the abdomen showed exophytic mass in the fundus of the stomach, with central necrosis. The patient was submitted to operative management. There were no features of dissemination but there was invasion of the hilum of the spleen. Wide local resection and splenectomy performed. Post operative course was complicated by a bleeding from the anastomotic site that required re-exploration and suturing of the bleeding vessel. Histologic examination revealed that it was composed of spindle-shaped cells with elongated nuclei. Post operatively the patient received adjuvant treatment with Imatinib [Gleevec]. The patient has an uneventful follow-up period so far.
  4. Eshra A, Al-Hendal A, Al Enezi M, Al-Mishaan M, Abo Dief W
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2010 Jul.
    PMID: 20601338
    Concomitant adenocarcinoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, both located in the intestinal tract, are unusual. Collision tumors of the colon on the other hand are extremely rare neoplasms. A case of true collision tumor of a marginal zone lymphoma and a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon (hepatic flexure) is reported. Simultaneously, a third primary is identified as follicular lymphoma involving the terminal ileum. Correlation with clinical history, radiology investigations, endoscopic findings and histological examination of the resected specimen as well as the use of ancillary techniques such as immunohistochemistry are the most useful in making the correct diagnosis of a synchronous three primaries involving the small bowel and colon. Therefore, we present these three primary synchronous neoplasms involving two different parts of the gastrointestinal tract, with two of these three primaries colliding at one organ.
  5. Arora S, Urs AB, Choudhary Z
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2017 Jan;1(23):77-81.
    PMID: 28272008
    A 15-year-old Indian male patient presented with a history of pain and swelling in left mandible. Imaging studies revealed a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the body of the mandible. Patient also gave the past history of the surgery of the jaws, which was histopathologically diagnosed as dentigerous cyst. Following this patient underwent incisional biopsy and later excisional biopsy. The histopathologic diagnosis for incisional biopsy was unicystic ameloblastoma but final diagnosis was dentinogenic ghost cell tumor for the excised tissue. To the best of our knowledge, this appears o be the first case of dentigerous cyst transforming into dentinogenic ghost cell tumor. The clinical presentation of the case, differential diagnosis and treatment modalities are being discussed.
  6. Menicagli R, Bolla G, Menicagli L, Esseiridou A
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2017 May;1(24):70-74.
    PMID: 28798007
    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma represents 0.7% of the total cancer cases in the world with an ASR index of 1.7 and is widely associated with Epstein-Barr virus. It is not common in Italy (ASR index of 0.5) while in China (ASR 1.9), one third of the clinical cases are observed in Guangdong (ASR index 11.3). It is also quite common in Malaysia and Indonesia. The activation of the cancerogenesis process happens after the exposure to some environmental parameters that epidemiological studies have indicated with various dietary habits, mainly for salted fish consumption. The purpose of this work is to highlight such as exposure to compounds, such as formaldehyde, which is present in the different working conditions of these countries and may lead to the real cause to establish the carcinogenic process.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The most recent publications regarding the impact of various external factors on Pub Med, Google, TOXLINE, Chem Abstract, were analyzed with the radiological data that were found in Milan hospitals database.

    RESULTS: The relationship between food consumption and nasopharyngeal cancer are not clear and statistically insignificant in Indonesia. In Malaysia, the preparation of natural rubber for the use of formaldehyde is a dangerous environmental factor. The same exposure is a risk factor in Guangdong, where many workers are employed in the wood panel industry. Incidence of cancer in these Chinese ethnic groups decreases when they migrate to other countries. In the last 5 years, few cases were recorded in Italy, without any apparent change in ethnic environmental factors or HBV infection Discussion: In the production of natural rubber, a lot of people are exposed to formaldehyde during the various steps of preparation and production such as stripping, drying and coagulation without observing proper environmental hygiene precautions. The same working conditions are present in industrial production of wood panels in Guangdong, China. The relationship between exposure to formaldehyde and nasopharyngeal cancer is demonstrated by the fact that epidemiological studies on the population of this Chinese district whose immigrant populations were not exposed to these pollutants, the appearance of these tumors decreases. Also an examination of our radiological data in Italy shows that in about one hundred sixty cases of nasopharyngeal cancer none of the patients were Indonesian or Chinese Conclusion: The preliminary results of our study suggest that EPST-BARR virus could be a risk factor if associated with exposure to compounds such as formaldehyde which is present in industrial productions of countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, and China.

  7. Kumarasamy G, Balasubramanian A, Abdullah B
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2018 May;1(27):73-77.
    PMID: 30145556
    Testicular cancer is an uncommon malignancy of the male reproductive organ, accounting for 1% of all cancers in men. Distant cervical metastasis from testicular cancer has been reported in 5% of patients. We present 2 cases of non-seminomatous testicular cancers that were diagnosed retrospectively in patients who presented with pure cervical lymph nodes. A comprehensive approach bearing in mind the possible differentials, pathogenesis and treatment options are discussed.
  8. Ramasamy V, Binti Mat Lazim N, Abdullah B, Singh A
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2019 May;1(30):43-51.
    PMID: 31242981
    INTRODUCTION: Cancer related fatigue (CRF) is a problem experienced by head and neck cancer patients, especially those who undergo chemoradiation therapy. CRF may persist for years post chemoradiation therapy and significantly impair their quality of life (QOL). Tualang honey is rich in amino acids, vitamins, minerals and enzymes. It is proven to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-tumour properties. As CRF is related to inflammatory mediators, the effects of Tualang Honey may improve CRF. The aim of this study is to determine if Tualang honey has a role in improving CRF and quality of life among head and neck cancer patients post chemoradiation.

    METHODOLOGY: In this open labelled randomized clinical trial, 40 participants aged between 18 and 65 with head and neck cancer who completed chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in Hospital USM, Kelantan Malaysia or Hospital Taiping were recruited and randomized into two groups: Tualang honey (experimental) group or Vitamin C (control) group. They were prescribed with either daily oral Tualang honey 20mg or vitamin C tablet 100 mg for 8 weeks. Level of fatigue and quality of life were measured using FACIT-Fatigue and FACT H&N questionnaires at baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The white cell count and C-reactive protein level were also measured at baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks.

    RESULTS: After four and eight weeks of treatment with Tualang honey or Vitamin C, the fatigue level for experimental group was better than in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (p<0.05). Statistically significant improvements were seen on quality of life (p<0.05) for the experimental group at week 8, however, no significant improvements were seen in white cell count and C-reactive protein level between control and experimental group.

    CONCLUSION: Our research provided support for the use of Tualang honey to improve CRF and QOL in head and neck cancer patients post chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

  9. V S, Thamby SP, Al-Hatamleh MAI, Mohamud R, Abdullah B
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2019 Sep;1(31):83-89.
    PMID: 31591996
    BACKGROUND: Natural Killer/T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas are rare and aggressive disease of non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by angioinvasion, angiodestruction and necrosis. It has a strong association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as the lymphoma cells are almost invariably infected with the clonal episomal form of EBV. Because of their rarity, it is a challenge to diagnose and treat them even to the experienced pathologists.

    CASE PRESENTATION: The featured case describes a 40-year-old male who presented with symptoms suggestive for sinusitis. Further diagnostic investigation by the functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) revealed a chronic sinusitis with multiple biopsies showing negative for malignancy, viral and bacterial infections and therefore undiagnosed for sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Subsequently after a month of surgery, he developed multiple lymph nodes in inguinal where biopsy revealed extranodal NK/T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, high grade but in no time for treatment, he finally succumbed to the illness.

    CONCLUSION: The case presented here was initially diagnosed as a chronic sinusitis, not as sinonasal NK/Tcell lymphoma which later developed into extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. The prognosis showed improvement for nasal lymphomas but remains poor for disseminated and extranasal lymphomas which are more aggressive with lower survival rate. It is clinically important to differentiate diseases for proper staging and monitoring as they require completely different treatment strategies.

  10. Vengathajalam S, Maruthamuthu T, Nik Hassan NFH, Mohamad I
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 May;1(33):80-83.
    PMID: 32476655
    Post chemoradiation vocal cord immobility is a rare complication and this maybe life threatening when patients present with severe aspiration and recurrent pneumonia or even worse if they have an upper airway obstruction. We report a case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient whom after receiving curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, presented with episodes of shortness of breath and aspiration pneumonia finally diagnosed with bilateral vocal cord immobility. She had no evidence of tumour recurrence.
  11. Ganeson SK, Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Abdul Gani N
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 Sep;1(34):83-86.
    PMID: 33431368
    INTRODUCTION: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx is a rare entity with only scarce cases reported in the English Literature. It is a histological variant of squamous cell carcinoma with aggressive nature and comprises of both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report on a middleaged male who presented with left-sided spontaneous epistaxis and aural fullness with no neck node which turned out to be basaloid cell carcinoma of nasopharynx.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We highlight high clinical suspicion of rare variant of nasopharyngeal carcinoma although no palpable node was evident upon presentation.

  12. Muhammad Fauzi HG, Mohan Singh AS, Abdul Rahim S, Chooi LL, Ramasamy V, Mohamad Pakarul Razy NH, et al.
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2021 May;1(36):79-81.
    PMID: 35017141
    Malignant transformation of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare entity occurring in only less than 5% of patients with RRP. The risk of transformation can arise even in the absence of risk factors such as smoking and radiation. We describe a patient with juvenile RRP diagnosed since childhood, who suffered malignant transformation into a squamous cell carcinoma after 29 years. Keywords: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis; laryngeal neoplasms; squamous cell carcinoma; human papilloma-virus.
  13. Lamry NA, Misron K, Tengku Kamalden TMI, Mohamad S
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2021 Sep;1(37):91-94.
    PMID: 35152201
    Soft tissue sarcoma, especially synovial sarcoma is extremely rare in infancy. Only few cases were reported, and challenges lies in disease eradication and subsequent adjuvant therapy. Due to particularly small size of head and neck region with important structures are in intimate location with each other, surgical resection is very challenging, in order to ensure total disease resection as well as maintaining function and cosmetic outcome post-operatively. We present an uncommon case of synovial sarcoma of infratemporal fossa diagnosed in a 3-month-old infant. Due to extreme age, it poses difficulty to the managing team with regards to surgical intervention and oncological regimes. Keywords : Synovial sarcoma; infratemporal fossa; infant.
  14. Awang NMSH, Haron A, Abdullah B
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2021 Sep;1(37):85-90.
    PMID: 35152200
    BACKGROUND: The parapharyngeal tumour is a rare case of head and neck tumour. Benign and malignant tumours can arise from any of the structures contained within the parapharyngeal space. Pleomorphic adenoma is the most typical salivary gland tumour that is found in this space and surgical resection is the main treatment for this tumour. Since the modern era of the medicine, different kinds of diagnostic imaging and surgical approaches have been introduced to evaluate this tumour.

    CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case report of a parapharyngeal space mass that was found to be pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary gland, their clinical presentation, radiological imaging and literature review of the transoral surgical approaches for parapharyngeal tumour.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The transoral approach remains one of the classical and effective methods for the resection of the benign prestyloid parapharyngeal tumour. The surgeons need to have a good knowledge of diagnostic imaging and surgical techniques to determine which surgical procedure is the best for the patients in order to eradicate the diseases and minimize the complications ultimately.

  15. Hafizzi Awang NMS, Mohd Noor R, Ramli R, Abdullah B
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2022 Jan;1(38):78-81.
    PMID: 35156648
    BACKGROUND: The infratemporal fossa poses a great challenge to surgeons due to its complex anatomy and communications to many surrounding areas. The disorders that arise from this area can be infections and neoplasms. They can cause varieties of complications due to the extension of the pathologies and compression effect to the other adjacent structures. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the infratemporal fossa is one of the rare disorders of the head and neck.

    CASE PRESENTATION: We report a patient with a pseudotumor of infratemporal fossa that extends to the orbital area and cavernous sinus, causing orbital apex syndromes. The diagnostic imaging, different surgical approaches of the biopsy and methods of treatment of this case are discussed.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Radiological imaging and immunohistopathology are essential in establishing the diagnosis and determine the complications. The surgeons must well understand the characteristics and the impact of the disorders on the adjacent structure and give prompt decision to provide definitive treatments.

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