Displaying all 2 publications

  1. Premnath N, Lo HL, Cheong YT, Manjit S
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Sep;57(3):368-70.
    PMID: 12440279
    Removal of the whole sternum for malignant tumours results in a large defect, causing severe deformity and possible paradoxical movements of the chest wall. The reconstruction of the resultant large defect of the chest wall is often complex and difficult. Commonly used materials include rib autograft, steel strus acrylic plate and various synthetic meshes such as Goretex or Marlex mesh, with a myocutaneous flap for coverage. A case of a 48-year-old man with sternal chondrosarcoma successfully treated with thoracoplasty using acrylic plate-marlex mesh combination following near total resection of sternum is reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Thoracoplasty*
  2. Dharmaraj B, Diong NC, Shamugam N, Sathiamurthy N, Mohd Zainal H, Chai SC, et al.
    Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 2021 Jan;37(1):82-88.
    PMID: 33442211 DOI: 10.1007/s12055-020-00972-7
    Chest wall resection is defined as partial or full-thickness removal of the chest wall. Significant morbidity has been recorded, with documented respiratory failure as high as 27%. Medical records of all patients who had undergone chest wall resection and reconstruction were reviewed. Patients' demographics, length of surgery, reconstruction method, size of tumor and chest wall defect, histopathological result, complications, duration of post-operative antibiotics, and hospital stay were assessed. From 1 April 2017 to 30 April 2019, a total of 20 patients underwent chest wall reconstructive surgery. The median age was 57 years, with 12 females and 8 males. Fourteen patients (70%) had malignant disease and 6 patients (30%) had benign disease. Nine patients underwent rigid reconstruction (titanium mesh for sternum and titanium plates for ribs), 6 patients had non-rigid reconstruction (with polypropylene or composite mesh), and 5 patients had primary closure. Nine patients (45%) required closure with myocutaneous flap. Complications were noted in 70% of patients. Patients who underwent primary closure had minor complications. In total, 66.7% of patients who had closure with either fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flaps had threatened flap necrosis. Two patients developed pneumonia and 3 patients (15%) had respiratory failure requiring tracheostomy and prolonged ventilation. There was 1 mortality (5%) in this series. In conclusion, chest wall resections involving large defects require prudent clinical judgment and multidisciplinary assessments in determining the choice of chest wall reconstruction to improve outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Thoracoplasty
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