Displaying all 2 publications

  1. Sekaran SD, Artsob H
    Expert Opin Med Diagn, 2007 Dec;1(4):521-30.
    PMID: 23496358 DOI: 10.1517/17530059.1.4.521
    Flaviviruses constitute a genus of viruses that are important etiologic agents of human disease, causing clinical disease ranging from fever to severe manifestations, such as encephalitis and hemorrhagic fever. Serology is presently the most frequently used means of diagnosing flavivirus infections. However, other diagnostic tests may be employed, such as molecular detection, virus isolation and antigen-capture procedures. The applicability of the latter three diagnostic procedures can be expected to vary depending upon the infecting flavivirus, as some flaviviruses, such as dengue, display high and long-term viremias, whereas other flaviviruses produce no, or barely detectable, viremias. Molecular diagnostic techniques have been successfully applied to the diagnosis of flavivirus infections and have the advantage of rapidity, sensitivity and specific identification of the infecting virus. However, it is important to ensure that the right detection tools are employed (for example, appropriate primers and probes to detect the specific virus) and that the laboratory maintains a high proficiency in their testing procedures. Some of the studies that have been employed in the diagnosis of flavivirus infections are reviewed in this article. It seems that there is the potential to develop testing algorithms that successfully employ molecular diagnostics alone or in conjunction with other laboratory techniques for the diagnosis of acute human flavivirus infections.
  2. Hunsperger EA, Yoksan S, Buchy P, Nguyen VC, Sekaran SD, Enria DA, et al.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2014 Oct;8(10):e3171.
    PMID: 25330157 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003171
    Commercially available diagnostic test kits for detection of dengue virus (DENV) non-structural protein 1 (NS1) and anti-DENV IgM were evaluated for their sensitivity and specificity and other performance characteristics by a diagnostic laboratory network developed by World Health Organization (WHO), the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) and the Pediatric Dengue Vaccine Initiative (PDVI). Each network laboratory contributed characterized serum specimens for the panels used in the evaluation. Microplate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and rapid diagnostic test (RDT formats) were represented by the kits. Each ELISA was evaluated by 2 laboratories and RDTs were evaluated by at least 3 laboratories. The reference tests for IgM anti-DENV were laboratory developed assays produced by the Armed Forces Research Institute for Medical Science (AFRIMS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the NS1 reference test was reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results were analyzed to determine sensitivity, specificity, inter-laboratory and inter-reader agreement, lot-to-lot variation and ease-of-use. NS1 ELISA sensitivity was 60-75% and specificity 71-80%; NS1 RDT sensitivity was 38-71% and specificity 76-80%; the IgM anti-DENV RDTs sensitivity was 30-96%, with a specificity of 86-92%, and IgM anti-DENV ELISA sensitivity was 96-98% and specificity 78-91%. NS1 tests were generally more sensitive in specimens from the acute phase of dengue and in primary DENV infection, whereas IgM anti-DENV tests were less sensitive in secondary DENV infections. The reproducibility of the NS1 RDTs ranged from 92-99% and the IgM anti-DENV RDTs from 88-94%.
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