Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 21 in total

  1. Noraidah M, Jasmi AY
    Malays J Pathol, 2003 Jun;25(1):57-61.
    PMID: 16196379
    Malignant melanoma involving the gastrointestinal tract is diagnosed antemortem in only a small percentage of patients with the disease. Presenting symptoms are often non-specific, causing a diagnostic problem. The vast majority of such melanomas are metastatic from a cutaneous primary, however there is evidence that the tumour can arise de novo in the gastrointestinal system. We report a 74-year-old man with malignant melanoma with an unusual presentation simulating a symptomatic gastric ulcer. He presented with epigastric pain, haematemesis and melaena. Explorative laparotomy revealed a large ulcerated tumour with several pigmented satellite nodules in the proximal stomach, multiple ileal nodules and widespread nodal and liver metastases. Proximal gastrectomy and limited small bowel resection was performed. Histology revealed the tumour to be composed of nests of epithelioid cells with melanin pigment. The tumour cells showed immunohistochemical positivity for S100 protein and HMB45 antibodies. This report emphasizes that melanoma should be a diagnostic consideration in patients with gastric ulcer.
  2. Lee BC, Jasmi AY
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Aug;58(3):440-2.
    PMID: 14750387
    Double pylorus (DP) or duplication of the pylorus is an uncommon condition that is either congenital or acquired. Acquired double pylorus (DP) results from a peptic ulcer eroding through and creating a fistula between the duodenal bulb and the distal stomach. We report a case of an acquired double pylorus in an adult gentleman that resulted from the erosion of a duodenal and prepyloric ulcer.
  3. Lukman MR, Jasmi AY, Niza SS
    Asian J Surg, 2006 Apr;29(2):98-100.
    PMID: 16644511
    Intramural duodenal haematoma is a rare injury of the duodenum. Most reported cases are secondary to blunt trauma to the abdomen. Such injury following endoscopic intervention is even rarer, and there are no definite guidelines for its management. We report a case where endoscopic haemostasis of a bleeding duodenal ulcer resulted in a massive dissecting intramural duodenal haematoma with gastric outlet obstruction and obstructive jaundice.
  4. Sukumar N, Shaharin S, Razman J, Jasmi AY
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Jun;59(2):281-3.
    PMID: 15559181
    A patient who underwent emergency laparotomy for rectal prolapse developed repeated abdominal wound dehiscence and subsequently an enteric fistula. The management of abdominal wound dehiscence is discussed, specifically with regards to the Bogota bag. Use of Bogota bag has been reported worldwide but this may be the first report here.
  5. Jasmi AY, Rohaizak, Meah FA, Sulaiman BT
    Med J Malaysia, 1998 Mar;53(1):109-11.
    PMID: 10968149
    Acute suppurative thyroiditis in a 62 year old lady with enteric fever is reported. Plain radiography of the neck showed a distinct localised abscess cavity with air fluid level. A rare causative agent Salmonella typhi was isolated. Needle aspiration and antibiotics resulted in complete recovery.
  6. Jasmi AY, Normala B, al-Amin MD
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Mar;55(1):135-7.
    PMID: 11072499
    Gastric cancer in the young adult is rare and has been said to be more aggressive than gastric cancers of the older age group. Its unique association with pregnancy is even rarer. However, they have similar complications of haemorrhage, obstruction and perforation. We report a 27 year old lady at 16 weeks gestation who presented with a perforated malignant gastric ulcer and carcinomatosis peritonei. Reviewing the literature, we realised that such complication of a gastric cancer occurring in a pregnant young adult has not been previously documented.
  7. Jasmi AY, Zain AR, Hayati AR
    Med J Malaysia, 1992 Dec;47(4):316-9.
    PMID: 1338918
    A 14 year old Malay boy with an adenocarcinoma of the transverse colon is reported. A lesion was discovered early when he presented with an uncommon complication in the form of a bowel intussusception. Emergency segmental colonic resection was performed, followed later by an extended left hemicolectomy following histological confirmation of the disease. Benign adenomatous polyp is believed to be the predisposing condition. Both ralities, colorectal cancer in young adults and adult intussusception, are discussed.
  8. Jasmi AY, Thambidorai CR, Khairussalleh J
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Aug;58(3):443-5.
    PMID: 14750388
    Gallstone disease is a common association in patients with haematological splenomegaly. When indicated, simultaneous splenectomy and cholecystectomy should be performed and traditionally this is accomplished by open surgery. We report a 17 year old thalassaemic girl with splenomegaly complicated by gallstone pancreatitis. We treated her with a combination of needlescopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic splenectomy as well as delivering the huge spleen via a pfannenstiel incision to hide the scar. We believe this technique is an acceptable alternative mainly for rapid delivery of the spleen and to minimize visible scars hence improving cosmesis.
  9. Razman J, Shaharin S, Lukman MR, Sukumar N, Jasmi AY
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Jun;61(2):142-6.
    PMID: 16898302 MyJurnal
    Laparoscopic repair of ventral and incisional hernia has become increasingly popular as compared to open repair. The procedure has the advantages of minimal access surgery, reduction of post operative pain and the recurrence rate. A prospective study of laparoscopic incisional hernia repair was performed in our center from August 2002 to April 2004. Eighteen cases (n: 18) were performed during the study period. Fifteen cases (n: 15) had open hernia repair previously. Sixteen patients (n: 16) had successful repair of the hernia with the laparoscopic approach and two cases were converted to open repair. The mean hernia defect size was 156cm2. There was no intraoperative or immediate postoperative complication. The mean operating time was 100 +/- 34 minutes (75 - 180 minutes). The postoperative pain was graded as mild to moderate according to visual analogue score. The mean day of discharge after surgery was two days (1 - 3 days). During follow up, three patients (16.7%) developed seroma at the hernia sac which was resolved with conservative management after three weeks. One (5.6%) patient developed recurrence six months after surgery. In conclusion, laparoscopic repair of incisional hernia particularly recurrent hernia has been shown to be safe and effective in our centre. However, careful patient selection and acquiring the necessary advanced laparoscopic surgical skills coupled with the proper use of equipment are mandatory before embarking on this procedure.
  10. Chan KY, Rohaizak M, Sukumar N, Shaharuddin S, Jasmi AY
    Asian J Surg, 2004 Oct;27(4):306-12.
    PMID: 15564185
    To assess the outcome of inguinal hernia repaired by surgical trainees at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Hospital.
  11. Rohaizak M, Munchar MJ, Meah FA, Jasmi AY
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Apr;28(2):82-5.
    PMID: 15851358
    Intraoperative identification of parathyroid tissue is crucial during parathyroid surgery. Frozen section is the most common tool, but is time-consuming and expensive. Scrape cytology is a modification of imprint cytology that provides rapid and cheap intraoperative identification of parathyroid tissue, but its reliability remains controversial. We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of scrape cytology in the intraoperative identification of parathyroid tissue.
  12. Nadesan S, Ming TC, Thangaveloo G, Jasmi AY
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Apr;28(2):142-4.
    PMID: 15851371
    A patient with carcinoma of the cardia underwent Ivor-Lewis oesophagogastrectomy. He developed right chylothorax postoperatively, which is a rare complication. Attempts to treat the chylothorax by conservative means and thoracoscopic ligation failed. Finally, pleurodesis using bleomycin successfully sealed the leak and he was discharged.
  13. Zubaidah NH, Jasmi AY, Hanafiah H, Shaker AH, Asri CM, Emad AR, et al.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol, 2012;53(2):431-2.
    PMID: 22732820
    Chyle fistula may be common in the neck and thorax region but it is a rare entity in the inguinal region. The rarity of the incidence of chyle fistula and the tremendous response to conservative management are the important aspects to be remembered. We hereby report a case of iatrogenic inguinal chyle fistula complicating a femoral vein cannulation.
  14. Nani Harlina ML, Naqiyah I, Shahrun Niza AS, Jasmi AY, Rohaizak M
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Apr;67(2):177-80.
    PMID: 22822639 MyJurnal
  15. Lukman MR, Jasmi AY, Sarinah B, Nurismah MI, Aishah MA
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Jul;28(3):227-9.
    PMID: 16024322
    Extragonadal teratomas and germ cell tumours are uncommon. Most teratomas of the head and neck present in the paediatric age group. Occurrence of such tumours in an adult is extremely rare and, to date, less than 40 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of a young man presenting with impending airway obstruction secondary to a malignant teratoma of the neck.
  16. Teoh CM, Rohaizak M, Chan KY, Jasmi AY, Fuad I
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Apr;28(2):90-6.
    PMID: 15851360
    This study reviewed the incidence of positive pre-ablative diagnostic scan after total thyroidectomy and the efficacy of the current ablative dose. The predictive factors for outcome using a standard ablative dose and postoperative complications of total thyroidectomy were also examined.
  17. Rohaizak M, Jasmi AY, Ismail MA, Munchar MJ, Meah FA
    Asian J Surg, 2003 Jul;26(3):183-5.
    PMID: 12925296 DOI: 10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60381-X
    There has been a growing awareness of the association between papillary thyroid carcinoma and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). The cases of four young patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma occurring with FAP are presented. Three patients underwent surgery to provide specimens for detailed histological examination. The surgical specimens showed well-encapsulated multicentric tumours exhibiting a predominantly papillary architectural growth pattern. In some areas, follicular architecture and cribriform patterns were noted. Atypical areas of spindle cells in a trabecular or solid configuration, which are not normally seen in classical papillary thyroid carcinoma, were evident. Malignant cells exhibited a graduation of cuboidal to tall cells with abundant amphophilic cytoplasm. The nuclei did not exhibit the typical nuclear clearing as seen in papillary thyroid carcinoma, but nuclear grooving and inclusions were noted. Psammoma bodies were not seen in any of the specimens. In a limited review of these patients, features such as young age at presentation, multicentricity and unusual histology suggest that thyroid carcinoma associated with FAP may represent a distinct form of thyroid cancer.
  18. Meah FA, Qureshi A, Jasmi AY, Rohaizak M, Faridah I, Khalid BAK, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Jun;55(2):242-5.
    PMID: 19839153
    Fifteen cases of insulinoma were managed at HUKM over a period of 20 years. Although all patients presented with neurological symptoms, the diagnosis was delayed in all. Fasting hypoglycaemia and the measurement of C-peptide levels eventually made the diagnosis. Pre-operative localization investigations were not particularly useful. Intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) detected 72% of the insulinomas, while 93% of the insulinomas were identified intraoperatively by palpation. All the insulinomas were detected intraoperatively with the combination of the two techniques. Twelve of 15 patients had benign adenomas including one patient with MEN-1 syndrome. Two patients had malignant insulinomas. One patient refused surgery. Nine patients underwent pancreatic resections and the remaining 5 patients had the adenomas enucleated.
  19. Meah FA, Abdullah T, Jasmi AY, Hisham AN, Tan TT, Khalid BA, et al.
    Ann Acad Med Singap, 1996 Mar;25(2):251-4.
    PMID: 8799016
    Between January 1978 to December 1993, 130 cases of adrenal diseases were diagnosed and surgically treated at the National University of Malaysia. They were 58 cases (44.6%) of Conn's syndrome, 40 cases (30.7%) of Cushing's syndrome, 20 cases (15.3%) of phaeochromocytoma and 12 cases (9.2%) of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). The commonest cause of Conn's syndrome was an adenoma (96.5%) which affected the left gland four times more than the right gland. Cushing's syndrome was caused by adrenocortical adenoma (32.5%), diffuse bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (40.0%), pigmented macronodular hyperplasia (20.0%) and adrenal carcinoma (7.5%). Twenty-five percent of the phaeochromocytomas were extraadrenal in origin arising mainly from the abdominal sympathetic chain. More than 50% of ACCs were non-functioning tumours. Fifty percent of the patients with ACC had inoperable tumours. The prognosis was poor even with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The main surgical approach was the anterior transabdominal route. There was no operative mortality or morbidity in all operated cases.
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