Displaying all 8 publications

  1. Ziarani GM, Mohajer F, Jamali SM, Ebrahim NA
    Curr Org Synth, 2020;17(8):610-624.
    PMID: 32703138 DOI: 10.2174/1872208314666200722161044
    Rose Oxide is a monoterpene along with cyclic ether used in fragrance to produce rosy notes, in general, there are 4 stereoisomeric structures of the Rose Oxide, which the cis-configured Rose Oxide has a very unique and strong note in perfumery. In this review, several approaches were reported on account of the Rose Oxide applied in perfumery from 1864 to 2019 via quantitative and qualitative approaches.
  2. Farooq S, Ngaini Z
    Curr Org Synth, 2021;18(4):318-332.
    PMID: 32778031 DOI: 10.2174/1570179417666200810142857
    Latest progress in the liquid crystal (LC) field related to azo molecules incorporated into natural product- based moieties for the improvement of LC texture and mesomeric phases has received great interest among researchers. A LC containing natural product-based moieties i.e. menthol, kojic acid, cholesterol and chalcone with stable azo and azobenzene scaffolds with specific optical tunability, has been widely used in photo-active materials such as Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), LC films, smart windows and other devices. This review discusses the influence of azobenzene, a renowned photo-responsive and stable LC scaffold, in mesogenic phases due to photo-isomerization and optical switching. The incorporation of mesomeric phases of natural product moieties to azo molecules has improved the properties of LC, i.e, from the nematic phase to the smectic phase with proper magnetic field alignment. Natural product-based LC can be useful in numerous applications, especially practical electronic or optic devices such as optical image storage, display devices, solar cells, optical switching.
  3. Goh YP, Yam WS, Yip FW, Hegde G
    Curr Org Synth, 2021;18(4):352-365.
    PMID: 33530909 DOI: 10.2174/1570179418666210202123935
    INTRODUCTION: This is the first report on chiral polymorphic hydrazine-based asymmetric liquid crystal trimers, 1-[4'-(4''-(5-Cholesteryloxy)carbonyl)butyloxy]-3-[N-benzylideneoxy-N'-(4'''-decyloxybenzylidene) hydrazine] butyloxybenzenes, and 1-[4'-(4''-(10-cholesteryloxy)carbonyl)nonyloxy]-3-[N-benzylideneoxy-N'-(4'''- decyloxybenzylidene)hydrazine]butyloxybenzenes., in which the hydrazine and cholesterol arms were connected via two flexible methylene spacers (n = 3-12 units and m = 4 or 9, respectively) to the central resorcinol core.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: FT-IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and CHN microanalysis were used to elucidate the structures of the trimers. Differential scanning calorimetry, polarizing optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to study the transitional and phase properties of the trimers, which were length and spacer parity dependent. Trimers with short spacer length in the cholesteryl arm, m = 4 showed an interesting phase sequence of BP/N*-TGBA*-SmA*.

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The TGBA* phase was sensitive to spacer length as it was only observed in trimers with short ester linkage. For the long analogues, m = 9, characteristic visible reflection and a much simpler phase sequence with only N* and SmA* phases were observed.

    CONCLUSION: The X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that layer periodicities of the SmA* phase were approximately half the estimated all-trans molecular length (d/L ≈ 0.44-0.52), thus suggesting that the molecules are either strongly intercalated or bent.

  4. Murthy S, Hazli UHAM, Kong KW, Mai CW, Leong CO, Rahman NA, et al.
    Curr Org Synth, 2019;16(8):1166-1173.
    PMID: 31984923 DOI: 10.2174/1570179416666191003095253
    BACKGROUND: Sesamol is a widely used antioxidant for the food and pharmaceutical industries. The oxidation products of this compound may be accumulated in foods or ingested. Little is known about its effect on human health.

    OBJECTIVE: It is of great interest to identify the oxidation products of sesamol that may be beneficial to humans. This study was undertaken to identify the oxidation products of sesamol and investigate their antioxidant and cytotoxic activities.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the ferricyanide oxidation approach, four oxidation products of sesamol (2, 3, 20 & 21) have been identified. Structural elucidation of these compounds was established on the basis of their detailed NMR spectroscopic analysis, mass spectrometry and x-ray crystallography. Additionally, a formation mechanism of compound 20 was proposed based on high-resolution mass spectrometry-fragmentation method. The antioxidant activities of these compounds were determined by the DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS assays. The in vitro antiproliferative activity of these compounds was evaluated against a panel of human cancer cell lines as well as non-cancerous cells.

    RESULTS: Two oxidation products of sesamol were found to contain an unusual methylenedioxy ring-opening skeleton, as evidenced by spectroscopic and x-ray crystallographic data. Among all compounds, 20 displayed impressive antiproliferative activities against a panel of human cancer cell lines yet remained non-toxic to noncancerous cells. The antioxidant activities of compound 20 are significantly weaker than sesamol as determined by the DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS assays.

    CONCLUSION: The oxidation products of sesamol could be a valuable source of bioactive molecules. Compound 20 may be used as a potential lead molecule for cancer studies.

  5. Ali TH, Heidelberg T, Hussen RSD, Tajuddin HA
    Curr Org Synth, 2019;16(8):1143-1148.
    PMID: 31984920 DOI: 10.2174/1570179416666191105152714
    BACKGROUND: High efficiency in terms of reaction yield and purity has led to the extensive utilization of copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) in various fields of chemistry. Its compatibility with low molecular weight alcohols promotes the application in surfactant synthesis to tackle the miscibility constraints of the reactants.

    OBJECTIVE: For the tuning of surfactant properties, double click coupling of the antipode precursors was attempted. Failure of the CuAAC to provide the targeted product in combination with unexpected reaction outputs led to an investigation of the side reaction.

    METHODS: The CuAAC-based coupling of sugar azide with propargyl building block in the presence of copper- (I) catalyst exclusively led to the mono-coupling product in a respectable yield of almost 80%. Besides the unexpected incomplete conversion, the loss of the remaining propargyl group, as indicated by both NMR and MS. On the other hand, application of substantial amounts of CuSO4 under reducing conditions in refluxing toluene/water furnished the alkyne dimer in a moderate yield of 43%, while no change of azide compound was noticed.

    RESULTS: The Cu(I)-catalyst applied for azide-alkyne cycloadditions enables the homo-coupling of certain terminal alkynes at a higher temperature. Moreover, aromatic propargyl ethers may be cleaved to furnish the corresponding phenol. The copper-catalyzed coupling appeared highly sensitive towards the alkyne compound. Only selected derivatives of propargyl alcohol were successfully dimerized.

    CONCLUSIONS: The observed failure of the Huisgen reaction for the synthesis of sugar-based surfactants may indicate non-recognized constrains of the reaction, which could affect its wide application in bioconjugation. The temperature requirement for the alternative dimerization of terminal alkynes renders this side reaction nonrelevant for typical click couplings, while narrow substrate diversity and moderate yield limit its synthetic application.

  6. Shahnavaz Z, Zaharani L, Johan MR, Khaligh NG
    Curr Org Synth, 2020;17(2):131-135.
    PMID: 32013833 DOI: 10.2174/1570179417666200203121437
    BACKGROUND: In continuation of our previous work and the applications of saccharin, we encouraged to investigate the one-pot synthesis of the aryl iodides by the diazotization of the arene diazonium saccharin salts.

    OBJECTIVE: Arene diazonium salts play an important role in organic synthesis as intermediate and a wide variety of aromatic compounds have been prepared using them. A serious drawback of arene diazonium salts is their instability in a dry state; therefore, they must be stored and handled carefully to avoid spontaneous explosion and other hazard events.

    METHODS: The arene diazonium saccharin salts were prepared as active intermediates in situ through the reaction of various aryl amines with tert-butyl nitrite (TBN) in the presence of saccharin (Sac-H). Then, in situ obtained intermediates were used into the diazotization step without separation and purification in the current protocol.

    RESULTS: A variety of aryl iodides were synthesized at a greener and low-cost method in the presence of TBN, Sac-H, glacial acetic acid, and TEAI.

    CONCLUSION: In summary, a telescopic reaction is developed for the synthesis of aryl iodides. The current methodology is safe, cost-effective, broad substrate scope, and metal-free. All used reagents are commercially available and inert to moisture and air. Also, the saccharine and tetraethylammonium cation could be partially recovered from the reaction residue, which reduces waste generation, energy consumption, raw material, and waste disposal costs.

  7. Hasan AH, Mohamed Yusof FS, Kamarudin NA, Murugesan S, Shakya S, Jamalis J
    Curr Org Synth, 2023 Mar 28.
    PMID: 36998126 DOI: 10.2174/1570179420666230328121554
    INTRODUCTION: Seven new psoralen derivatives were synthesised by carbodiimide coupling to active carboxylic acid to amide formation in mild reaction conditions.

    METHODS: The psoralen derivatives were produced through the condensation of seven different types of amine groups consisting of electron withdrawing groups and electron donating groups.

    RESULTS: All the synthesised compounds were obtained with moderate to high yields. Structural characterization using ATR-FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HRMS has confirmed their structure. Moreover, in silico evaluation of the psoralen derivatives against the AChE enzyme was performed, and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of psoralen derivatives was also conducted.

    CONCLUSION: Results from molecular docking show the potential of compound 12e as AChE inhibitors due to its highest binding energy value. It was further supported by the anti-acetylcholinesterase activity of compound 12e, which has 91.69% inhibition, comparable to galantamine (94.12%). Furthermore, 100 ns run molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was used to refine docking results.

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