Cupriavidus sp. strain BIS7 is a Malaysian tropical soil bacterium that exhibits broad heavy-metal resistance [Co(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Se(IV), Cu(II), chromate, Co(III), Fe(II), and Fe(III)]. It is particularly resistant to Fe(II), Fe(III), and Zn(II). Here we present the assembly and annotation of its genome.
Here we present the draft genome of Pseudomonas mendocina strain S5.2, possessing tolerance to a high concentration of copper. In addition to being copper resistant, the genome of P. mendocina strain S5.2 contains a number of heavy-metal-resistant genes known to confer resistance to multiple heavy-metal ions.
Aeromonas is a pathogenic organism that is often found to infect humans. Here we report the draft genome of a clinical isolate in Malaysia, Aeromonas sp. strain 159, which shows N-acylhomoserine lactone production. In the draft genome of strain 159, luxI and luxR homologue genes were found to be located at contig 47, and these genes are believed to be important for the quorum-sensing system present in this pathogen.
Dyella japonica strain A8 is a Malaysian tropical soil bacterial strain which shows N-acylhomoserine lactone-degrading activity. Here, we present its draft genome sequence. A putative quorum-quenching gene was identified based on the genome sequence analysis of strain A8. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a member from the genus of Dyella, and this is also the first work that reports the quorum-quenching activity of Dyella japonica.
Alcanivorax hongdengensis A-11-3(T) was isolated from an oil-enriched consortium enriched from the surface seawater of Hong-Deng dock in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Strain A-11-3(T) can degrade n-alkane and produce a lipopeptide biosurfactant. Here we report the genome of A-11-3(T) and the genes associated with alkane degradation.
The genome sequence analysis of a clinical Vibrio cholerae VC35 strain from an outbreak case in Malaysia indicates multiple genes involved in host adaptation and a novel Na(+)-driven multidrug efflux pump-coding gene in the genome of Vibrio cholerae with the highest similarity to VMA_001754 of Vibrio mimicus VMA223.
Pantoea sp. strain A4 is a Gram-negative bacterium isolated from the Rafflesia flower. We present here, for the first time, the genome sequence of Rafflesia-associated Pantoea sp. strain A4, which exhibited quorum-sensing activity.
Roseomonas sp. strain B5 was isolated from Malaysian tropical soil that showed N-acylhomoserine lactone degradation. This is the first genome announcement of a member from the genus of Roseomonas and the first report on the quorum-quenching activity of Roseomonas spp.
We report the draft genome sequence of Staphylococcus sp. strain AL1, which degrades quorum-sensing molecules (namely, N-acyl homoserine lactones). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documentation that reports the whole genome sequence and quorum-quenching activity of Staphylococcus sp. strain AL1.
Escherichia coli is an important etiologic agent of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Multidrug-resistant E. coli EC302/04 was isolated from a tracheal aspirate, and its genome sequence is expected to provide insights into antimicrobial resistance as well as adaptive and virulence mechanisms of E. coli involved in LRTI.
Burkholderia sp. strain GG4, isolated from the ginger rhizosphere, possesses a unique N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL)-modifying activity that reduces 3-oxo-AHLs to 3-hydroxy-AHLs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first sequenced genome from a bacterium of the genus Burkholderia that shows both quorum-sensing and signaling confusion activities.
Acinetobacter sp. strain GG2 is a quorum-sensing and quorum-quenching bacterium isolated from the ginger rhizosphere. It degrades a broad range of N-acylhomoserine lactone molecules via lactonase. The genome sequence of strain GG2 may provide insights on the regulation of quorum-sensing and quorum-quenching mechanisms in this bacterium.
A gene (cbm71) encoding a 71,128-Da mosquitocidal protein (Cbm71) was obtained by screening a size-fractionated XbaI digest of total genomic DNA from Clostridium bifermentans subsp. malaysia CH18 with two gene-specific oligonucleotide probes. The sequence of the Cbm71 protein, as deduced from the sequence of cbm71, corresponds to that of the 66-kDa protein previously described as one of the mosquitocidal components of C. bifermentans subsp. malaysia. Cbm71 shows limited similarities with Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, especially in the four first conserved blocks. However, Cbm71 was not immunologically related to any of the Cry toxins and thus belongs to a novel class of mosquitocidal protein. The cbm71 gene was expressed in a nontoxic strain of B. thuringiensis, and Cbm71 was produced during sporulation and secreted to the supernatant of culture. Trichloroacetic-precipitated supernatant preparations were toxic for mosquito larvae of the species Aedes aegypti, Culex pipiens, and Anopheles stephensi.
Type II (proteic) toxin-antitoxin systems (TAS) are ubiquitous among bacteria. In the chromosome of the pathogenic bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, there are at least eight putative TAS, one of them being the yefM-yoeB(Spn) operon studied here. Through footprinting analyses, we showed that purified YefM(Spn) antitoxin and the YefM-YoeB(Spn) TA protein complex bind to a palindrome sequence encompassing the -35 region of the main promoter (P(yefM2)) of the operon. Thus, the locus appeared to be negatively autoregulated with respect to P(yefM2), since YefM(Spn) behaved as a weak repressor with YoeB(Spn) as a corepressor. Interestingly, a BOX element, composed of a single copy (each) of the boxA and boxC subelements, was found upstream of promoter P(yefM2). BOX sequences are pneumococcal, perhaps mobile, genetic elements that have been associated with bacterial processes such as phase variation, virulence regulation, and genetic competence. In the yefM-yoeB(Spn) locus, the boxAC element provided an additional weak promoter, P(yefM1), upstream of P(yefM2) which was not regulated by the TA proteins. In addition, transcriptional fusions with a lacZ reporter gene showed that P(yefM1) was constitutive albeit weaker than P(yefM2). Intriguingly, the coupling of the boxAC element to P(yefM1) and yefM(Spn) in cis (but not in trans) led to transcriptional activation, indicating that the regulation of the yefM-yoeB(Spn) locus differs somewhat from that of other TA loci and may involve as yet unidentified elements. Conservation of the boxAC sequences in all available sequenced genomes of S. pneumoniae which contained the yefM-yoeB(Spn) locus suggested that its presence may provide a selective advantage to the bacterium.
We report the draft genome sequence of a clinical isolate, strain M115, identified as Mycobacterium massiliense, a member of the newly created taxon of Mycobacterium abscessus subspecies bolletii comb. nov.
The whole-genome sequence of Mycobacterium bolletii M24, isolated from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a Malaysian patient, is reported here. The circular chromosome of 5,507,730 bp helped to clarify the taxonomic position of this organism within the M. abscessus complex and revealed the presence of proteins potentially important for pathogenicity in a human host.
We present the complete genome sequence and proteogenomic map for Acholeplasma laidlawii PG-8A (class Mollicutes, order Acholeplasmatales, family Acholeplasmataceae). The genome of A. laidlawii is represented by a single 1,496,992-bp circular chromosome with an average G+C content of 31 mol%. This is the longest genome among the Mollicutes with a known nucleotide sequence. It contains genes of polymerase type I, SOS response, and signal transduction systems, as well as RNA regulatory elements, riboswitches, and T boxes. This demonstrates a significant capability for the regulation of gene expression and mutagenic response to stress. Acholeplasma laidlawii and phytoplasmas are the only Mollicutes known to use the universal genetic code, in which UGA is a stop codon. Within the Mollicutes group, only the sterol-nonrequiring Acholeplasma has the capacity to synthesize saturated fatty acids de novo. Proteomic data were used in the primary annotation of the genome, validating expression of many predicted proteins. We also detected posttranslational modifications of A. laidlawii proteins: phosphorylation and acylation. Seventy-four candidate phosphorylated proteins were found: 16 candidates are proteins unique to A. laidlawii, and 11 of them are surface-anchored or integral membrane proteins, which implies the presence of active signaling pathways. Among 20 acylated proteins, 14 contained palmitic chains, and six contained stearic chains. No residue of linoleic or oleic acid was observed. Acylated proteins were components of mainly sugar and inorganic ion transport systems and were surface-anchored proteins with unknown functions.
Geobacillus thermoleovorans CCB_US3_UF5 is a thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Malaysia. Here, we report the complete genome of G. thermoleovorans CCB_US3_UF5, which shows high similarity to the genome of Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA 426 in terms of synteny and orthologous genes.