Displaying all 7 publications

  1. Tan CY, Razali SNO, Goh KJ, Shahrizaila N
    J Clin Neurol, 2021 Apr;17(2):273-282.
    PMID: 33835749 DOI: 10.3988/jcn.2021.17.2.273
    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several variants of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) exist, but their frequencies vary in different populations and do not always meet the inclusion criteria of the existing diagnostic criteria. However, the GBS classification criteria by Wakerley and colleagues recognize and define the clinical characteristics of each variant. We applied these criteria to a GBS and MFS cohort with the aim of determining their utility.

    METHODS: Consecutive GBS and MFS patients presenting to our center between 2010 and 2020 were analyzed. The clinical characteristics, electrophysiological data, and antiganglioside antibody profiles of the patients were utilized in determining the clinical classification.

    RESULTS: This study classified 132 patients with GBS and its related disorders according to the new classification criteria as follows: 64 (48.5%) as classic GBS, 2 (1.5%) as pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variant, 7 (5.3%) as paraparetic GBS, 29 (22%) as classic MFS, 3 (2.3%) as acute ophthalmoparesis, 2 (1.5%) as acute ataxic neuropathy, 2 (1.5%) as Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE), 17 (12.9%) as GBS/MFS overlap, 4 (3%) as GBS/BBE overlap, 1 (0.8%) as MFS/PCB overlap, and 1 (0.8%) as polyneuritis cranialis. The electrodiagnosis was demyelinating in 55% of classic GBS patients but unclassified in 79% of classic MFS patients. Anti-GM1, anti-GD1a, anti-GalNAc-GD1a, and anti-GD1b IgG ganglioside antibodies were more commonly detected in the axonal GBS subtype, whereas the anti-GQ1b and anti-GT1a IgG ganglioside antibodies were more common in classic MFS and its subtypes.

    CONCLUSIONS: Most of the patients in the present cohort met the criteria of either classic GBS or MFS, but variants were seen in one-third of patients. These findings support the need to recognize variants of both syndromes in order to achieve a more-complete case ascertainment in GBS.

  2. Md Noh MSF, Bahari N, Abdul Rashid AM
    J Clin Neurol, 2020 Jul;16(3):369-375.
    PMID: 32657056 DOI: 10.3988/jcn.2020.16.3.369
    Acute transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord in which there is no evidence of spinal cord compression. Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a specific subtype of acute transverse myelitis that usually affects three or more vertebral levels and produces marked neurological deficits. While the most-common cause of LETM is neuromyelitis optica or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, there are rare cases of other causes mimicking this condition, including tuberculosis (TB). We sought to review the clinicoradiological features of TB myelopathy associated with longitudinally extensive lesion, which may mimic LETM, in the English literature. We searched the PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus databases for relevant articles using search terms including "longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis," "tuberculosis," "TB spinal cord," and various combinations of these expressions. Full-text papers were selected without limiting the publication year. We also examined the reference lists of key papers to identify further articles that are potentially relevant. We found 10 cases in 7 papers describing TB myelopathy associated with longitudinally extensive lesion. The demographics, clinical features, relevant cerebrospinal fluid findings, and radiological findings were compiled and summarized. TB myelopathy associated with longitudinally extensive lesion is very rare, with no documented prevalence. Early and accurate diagnosis is important since the condition is potentially treatable.
  3. Lau YH, Ong TL, Joseph JP, Mawardi AS
    J Clin Neurol, 2023 Jul;19(4):416-418.
    PMID: 37417439 DOI: 10.3988/jcn.2022.0202
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