The tumor suppressor gene p15(INK4b) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, in which its inactivation has been determined in primary tumors and in several tumor-derived cell lines. The precise role of p15(INK4b) protein expression in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is currently not known. In a previous study, we have shown the frequent occurrence of allelic imbalance/loss of heterozygosity in cutaneous SCC using two microsatellite markers flanking the p15(INK4b) gene. This study is a continuation of our previous study and aims to determine the possible role of p15(INK4b) protein expression in the genesis of cutaneous SCC. P15(INK4b) protein expression was determined using immunohistochemical approach in 107 cases of cutaneous SCC tissue arrays and 19 cases of normal human skin tissues. The expression of p15(INK4b) was significantly reduced in the cutaneous SCC cases as compared with normal human skin (p = 0.017 and p < 0.05). However, there were no significant relationship between clinicopathologic variables of the patients (age, sex and tumor grade) and p15(INK4b) protein expression. The absence of p15(INK4b) expression in the majority of tissue microarray cores of cutaneous SCC indicated that p15(INK4b) could possibly be involved in the pathogenesis of cutaneous SCC.
The association of mast cells with typical lesions of Kimura's disease was investigated by quantitative methods after immunohistochemical staining for Factor VIII-related antigen and counterstaining with toluidine blue. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, tissue sections from 9 confirmed cases of Kimura's disease were examined after staining to estimate mast cell and blood vessel densities by counting 100 random fields under oil immersion. There was a statistically significant increase of both mast cells and blood vessels in Kimura's disease (p<0.01) compared with normal skin and reactive lymph node controls. However, as far as the individual Kimura's disease lesion is concerned, there was generally no correlation between areas with mast cell increase and the degree of vascularity. Moreover, when lesions of less than 1 year's duration were compared with older lesions, there appeared to be a relative decrease in mast cells and a concomitant increase in vascularity in the latter. These results confirmed that mast cells are associated with Kimura's disease, and suggest that they may be involved in its early pathogenesis, although its possible role in angiogenesis may not be direct.
We report an unusual case of vulvar acantholytic dermatosis with features of pemphigus vegetans in a 22-year-old Indian girl who presented with a "warty" lesion in her left labium majus. Following excision of this lesion, she presented with 2 localized recurrent lesions on the left and right labia majora about 2 1/2 years later which were also excised. All 3 biopsies showed histological features typical of pemphigus which included extensive suprabasal acantholysis with bullae formation, prominent villus-like processes at the base of the bullae, focal hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis, and the occasional mixed neutrophil and eosinophilic intraepidermal abscess. IgG and C3 immunofluorescence was positive in the intercellular spaces of the epidermis. These lesions, which probably represent a form of pemphigus vegetans, have not been previously reported as a cause of localized vulvar acantholytic dermatosis.