Displaying all 13 publications

  1. Khoo TL, Halim AS, Zakaria Z, Mat Saad AZ, Wu LY, Lau HY
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2011 Jun;64(6):e137-45.
    PMID: 20869928 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2010.08.029
    Despite widespread beliefs regarding the use of topical tocotrienol in the prevention of hypertrophic scars, there is very little evidence from well controlled and randomised clinical trials to justify its benefits for surgical scars.
  2. Halim AS, Chai SC, Wan Ismail WF, Wan Azman WS, Mat Saad AZ, Wan Z
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2015 Dec;68(12):1755-62.
    PMID: 26420474 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2015.08.013
    Reconstruction of massive bone defects in bone tumors with allografts has been shown to have significant complications including infection, delayed or nonunion of allograft, and allograft fracture. Resection compounded with soft tissue defects requires skin coverage. A composite osteocutaneous free fibula offers an optimal solution where the allografts can be augmented mechanically and achieve biological incorporation. Following resection, the cutaneous component of the free osteocutaneous fibula flaps covers the massive soft tissue defect. In this retrospective study, the long-term outcome of 12 patients, who underwent single-stage limb reconstruction with massive allograft and free fibula osteocutaneous flaps instead of free fibula osteal flaps only, was evaluated. This study included 12 consecutive patients who had primary bone tumors and had follow-up for a minimum of 24 months. The mean age at the time of surgery was 19.8 years. A total of eight patients had primary malignant bone tumors (five osteosarcomas, two chondrosarcomas and one synovial sarcoma), and four patients had benign bone tumors (two giant-cell tumors, one aneurysmal bone cyst, and one neurofibromatosis). The mean follow-up for the 12 patients was 63 months (range 24-124 months). Out of the 10 patients, nine underwent lower-limb reconstruction and ambulated with partial weight bearing and full weight bearing at an average of 4.2 months and 8.2 months, respectively. In conclusion, augmentation of a massive allograft with free fibula osteocutaneous flap is an excellent alternative for reducing the long-term complication of massive allograft and concurrently addresses the soft tissue coverage.
  3. Rosli MA, Sulaiman WAW, Ismail WFW, Yahaya S, Saad AZM, Wan Z, et al.
    PMID: 34756555 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2021.09.032
    BACKGROUND: With the advent of new techniques, foot salvage is feasible following talus oncological resection. As the reconstruction aims to achieve a pain-free, stable ankle for ambulation, biological limb reconstruction is the best option. This case series will evaluate the primary indications, complications, and functional outcomes of the reconstructed talus and highlighting the technical aspects of the surgery with a novel technique of triangular double-barrel free fibula flap.

    METHODS: We performed a retrospective case note review of patients undergoing foot salvage surgeries and primary talus reconstruction with double-barrel free fibula flaps between 2009 and 2019. Patient demographics, aetiologies, operative details, complications, and outcomes were analysed. All patients underwent the same talar reconstruction technique whereby a wide-based triangular framework was created from two bony struts of the osteotomized fibula. The Musculoskeletal Tumour Society (MSTS) scoring system was used to analyse the short- to mid-term functional outcomes.

    RESULTS: Four consecutive patients with aggressive benign and malignant tumours were identified. They consist of three males and one female, with a median age of 32 (range 27-39). Patients were followed up for a median duration of 60 months (range 24-132). Two flaps were complicated with venous thromboses; however, all were salvageable following re-explorations. All patients achieved solid bony fusion with good functional and aesthetic outcomes. The median MSTS score was 74.5% (range 66-76). No donor site morbidity and local recurrence were reported.

    CONCLUSION: The triangular double-barrel free fibular flap is a good option for limb salvage following total talus resection, with good short- to mid-term functional and aesthetic outcomes.

  4. Soh HY, Sun Q, Hu LH, Wang Y, Mao C, Peng X, et al.
    PMID: 35168922 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2022.01.032
    Accurate reconstruction of orbital and midfacial defects following extensive globe-sparing maxillectomy is challenging, due to the complex anatomy of facial skeleton. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of individually bent titanium mesh in navigation-assisted reconstruction of post-ablative orbits in comparison with that without intraoperative navigation. Forty-one patients undergone globe-sparing maxillectomy and orbital floor reconstruction using individually bent titanium mesh with or without intraoperative navigation were assessed. Pre- and postoperative orbital projection and volume measurements were performed on both orbits. The unaffected orbit was used as a control for comparison. True-to-original orbital reconstruction was achieved in this study. The average difference of globe projection and orbital volume between unaffected and reconstructed orbits was 0.8 ± 0.5 mm and 0.9 ± 1.2cm3, respectively, in navigation-assisted group. In non-navigation-assisted group, the average difference of globe projection and orbital volume of unaffected and reconstructed orbit was 0.7 ± 0.5 mm and 1.3 ± 1.3cm3, respectively. There was no statistical significance in mean differences between unaffected and affected globe projection (P = 0.744) and orbital volume (P = 0.677) in both groups. There was also no significant difference observed when comparing the mean differences between pre- and postoperative globe projection (P = 0.659) and orbital volume (P = 0.582) in both groups. While intraoperative navigation system was shown to be effective in orbital reconstruction in the past decade, equal satisfactory post-ablative orbital reconstruction can be achieved with individually bent titanium mesh with or without intraoperative navigation.
  5. Stanley GHM, Pitt ER, Lim D, Keloid Survey Collaborative, Research librarian, Manuscript revisers (in alphabetical order), et al.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2023 Feb;77:359-370.
    PMID: 36621239 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2022.11.017
    INTRODUCTION: Keloid scars are associated with physical and psychological sequelae. No studies have investigated the general public's understanding of keloids. Targeted, short educational interventions in susceptible individuals may aid understanding of the condition and compliance with treatment. We aimed to identify the population with the highest prevalence and lowest knowledge.

    METHODS: We surveyed four countries to determine the public's understanding of keloids. A quantitative, subjective and cross-sectional street survey was designed using the knowledge, attitudes and practice model principles. The target populations were cities in Ghana, Australia, Canada and England. Surveyors used a hybrid stratified/convenience sampling method. Primary outcomes were prevalence, exposure to keloids as an entity and overall keloid knowledge score compared across demographic groups. Study data have been made fully available for reproducibility and education (https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/3KZ5E).

    RESULTS: There were 402 respondents, with a median age of 32 (interquartile range 25-45.25) years, of which 193 were females. The survey was carried out between June 2015 and October 2017. The prevalence of self-identified keloids was 11% in Ghana, 6% in Australia, 2% in Canada and 7% in England. Prevalence, exposure and knowledge were higher in the Ghanaian population.

    CONCLUSIONS: There was association between knowledge, prevalence and the exposure to keloids as an entity. Findings may suggest targeting public health campaigns towards populations where knowledge is lowest, and exposure to and prevalence of keloids are the highest.

  6. See MH, Yip KC, Teh MS, Teoh LY, Lai LL, Wong LK, et al.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2023 Aug;83:380-395.
    PMID: 37302244 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2023.04.003
    BACKGROUND: Breast ptosis is characterized by the inferolateral descent of the glandular area and nipple-areola complex. A high degree of ptosis may negatively impact a woman's attractiveness and self-confidence. There are various classifications and measurement techniques for breast ptosis used as references in the medical and garment industry. A practical and comprehensive classification will provide accurate standardized definitions of the degrees of ptosis to facilitate the development of corrective surgeries and well-fitting undergarments for women in need.

    METHODS: A systematic review on the classification and assessment techniques to measure breast ptosis was carried out based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The risk of bias was assessed using the modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies, whereas the Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB2) was used to evaluate randomized studies.

    RESULTS: Of 2550 articles identified in the literature search, 16 observational and 2 randomized studies describing the classification and assessment techniques of breast ptosis were included in the review. A total of 2033 subjects were involved. Half of the total observational studies had a Newcastle-Ottawa scale score of 5 and above. In addition, all randomized trials recorded a low overall bias.

    CONCLUSION: A total of 7 classifications and 4 measurement techniques for breast ptosis were identified. However, most studies did not demonstrate a clear derivation of sample size beside lacking robust statistical analysis. Hence, further studies that apply the latest technology to combine the strength of previous assessment techniques are needed to develop better classification system that is applicable to all affected women.

  7. Heng SSL, Ganandran T, Gan YH, Mat Zain MA, Basiron N, Wan Sulaiman WA
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2023 Oct;85:187-192.
    PMID: 37499560 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2023.07.008
    INTRODUCTION: Tessier cleft 7 are rare craniofacial clefts. Live-birth incidence varies from 1/80,000 to 1/300,000, with the incidence of 1 in 120 craniofacial clefts among Asians. Its clinical presentation varies widely in severity, thus, complicating diagnosis and contributing to the lack of consensus regarding its surgical management. The aim of this study is to describe clinical findings, types of Tessier cleft 7 soft tissue repair, and its outcomes in Kuala Lumpur Hospital.

    METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed records of children operated from January 2001 to July 2019. Data regarding concurrent congenital anomalies, complications, type of surgery, etc., were collected from outpatient records, operative notes, and clinical photographs.

    RESULTS: Twenty-eight children were treated, and 33 clefts (5 bilateral) were repaired. The male-to-female ratio was 1.3:1 (16 males and 12 females). Twenty-three patients had unilateral clefts (82.14%), with 14 right (60.86%) and 8 left (34.78%). Bilateral clefts were less common (17.86%). Twenty-three patients (82.14%) were Malay, 3 (10.71%) Chinese, 1 (3.57%) Indian, and 1 (3.57%) Cambodian. Eleven medical records were untraceable (discontinued due to duration of inactivity). There were 10 straight-line repairs, 5 Z-plasties, and 1 W-plasty performed; 3 cases did not detail the type of repair. One child required scar revision, and 1 had hypertrophic scarring requiring corticosteroid injection-no disturbances in speech or oral incompetency while eating were reported. Duration of follow-up ranged from 3 to 14 years.

    CONCLUSION: Our center has a higher rate of Tessier cleft 7 attendance. Straight-line cutaneous repairs combined with inferior vermilion mucosal flap can be used with low rates of complication and revision surgery.

  8. Chien WY, Huang HM, Kang YN, Chen KH, Chen C
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2024 Jan;88:182-192.
    PMID: 37983981 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2023.10.060
    BACKGROUND: Alopecia is a common and distressing medical condition that has been related to psychiatric disorders. Stem cell-derived conditioned medium (CM), a novel therapy for hair regeneration, has shown effectiveness in several trials.

    METHODS: This meta-analysis aims to explore the effectiveness of stem cell-derived CM in improving hair growth for patients of alopecia. We prospectively registered this systematic review and meta-analysis in PROSPERO (CRD42023410249). Clinical trials that the enrolled participants suffering from alopecia applied stem cell-derived CM were included. We calculated the mean and standard deviation for the hair density and thickness.

    RESULTS: Ten clinical trials were included in our analysis. On the basis of eight clinical trials (n = 221), our pooled results indicate that stem cell-derived CM is effective in increasing hair density (mean difference [MD]: 14.93, confidence interval [95% CI]: 10.20-19.67, p 

Related Terms
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links