Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 42 in total

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  1. Qamruddin I, Alam MK, Shahid F, Tanveer S, Mukhtiar M, Asim Z
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2016 May;26(5):390-3.
    PMID: 27225144 DOI: 2321
    OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the cephalometric values among Pakistani males and females using commonly used sagittal skeletal measurements (ANB, Wits appraisal, Beta-angle) and newly developed cephalometric analyses (Yen-angle and W-angle).

    STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study.

    PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Orthodontic Department of Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan, from August to October 2013.

    METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 209 pre-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs of orthodontic patients were selected from departmental records, comprised of 92 males and 117 females. Radiographs were traced for measurements of ANB, Wits appraisal, Beta-angle, W-angle and Yen-angle. Patients were categorized into skeletal classes I, II, and III on the basis of performed measurements, incisor classification, and profile recorded from their records. Descriptive analysis was used to obtain median interquartile range in both the genders and Mann-Whitney U-test was used to observe gender dimorphism.

    RESULTS: Skeletal class II was the most prevalent type of malocclusion. There were no difference in the obtained measurements between males and females except the Wits appraisal and Beta-angle in class II patients, which showed significant difference in values (p < 0.05).

    CONCLUSION: Pakistani population has no significant different difference in the craniofacial morphology of males and females, with the exception of Wits-appraisal and Beta-angle in class II cases.

  2. Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Sarriff A, Adnan AS, Khan YH
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2016 Mar;26(3):238-9.
    PMID: 26975963 DOI: 03.2016/JCPSP.238239
  3. Khedekar M, Suresh KV, Parkar MI, Malik N, Patil S, Taur S, et al.
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2015 Dec;25(12):856-9.
    PMID: 26691356 DOI: 12.2015/JCPSP.856859
    To determine the knowledge and oral hygiene status of orphanage children in Pune and changes in them after health education.
  4. Mallhi TH, Sarriff A, Adnan AS, Khan YH, Hamzah AA, Jummaat F, et al.
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2015 Nov;25(11):828-34.
    PMID: 26577971 DOI: 11.2015/JCPSP.828834
    Dengue Viral Infection (DVI) imperils an estimated 2.5 billion people living in tropical and subtropical regions. World Health Organization (2011) guidelines also classified dengue as 'Expanded Dengue Syndrome' to incorporate wide spectrum of unusual manifestations of dengue infection affecting various organ systems - including liver, kidney, heart and brain. Renal involvements are least appreciated area of dengue infection, therefore, we systematically reviewed studies describing renal disorders in dengue infection, with emphasis on Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). The purpose of current review is to underscore clinicians’attention to this neglected intricacy of DVI. It suggests that dengue induced renal involvements vary from glomerulonephritis, nephrotic range proteinuria and AKI. We observed great disparity in incidence of AKI among dengue patients, based upon criteria used to define AKI. AKI among dengue patients was found to be associated with significant morbidity, mortality and longer hospitalization, adding financial burden to patients and healthcare system. Additionally, we identified several predictors of AKI in dengue patients including old age, obesity, severe dengue infection and concurrent bacterial or viral infection. Direct viral injury and deposition of antigen-antibody complex in glomerulus were found to be possible causes of renal disorders in dengue infection. Prior knowledge of clinico-laboratory characteristics and risk factors with early detection of AKI by using appropriate criteria would not only reduce morbidity and mortality but also decrease burden to patients and healthcare system.
  5. Arora S
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2015 Oct;25(10):761764-764.
    PMID: 26454399 DOI: 10.2015/JCPSP.761764
    The term Unicystic Ameloblastoma (UA) refers to those cystic lesions that show clinical and radiological characteristics of an odontogenic cyst but on histological examination show a typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity, with or without luminal and/or mural tumor growth. Till date, lot of controversies exist among oral surgeons and oral pathologists regarding this entity. An attempt is being made here to discuss all the diagnostic dilemmas associated with UA.
  6. Khan YH, Sarriff A, Adnan AS, Khan AH, Malhi TH, Jummaat F
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2015 May;25(5):392.
    PMID: 26008675 DOI: 05.2015/JCPSP.392392
  7. Abdul Rahim ZH, Shaikh S, Hasnor Wan Ismail WN, Wan Harun WH, Razak FA
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2014 Nov;24(11):796-801.
    PMID: 25404435 DOI: 11.2014/JCPSP.796801
    To determine the effect of a mixture of plant extracts on the adherence and retention of bacteria in dental biofilm.
  8. Jameel RA, Khan SS, Kamaruddin MF, Abd Rahim ZH, Bakri MM, Abdul Razak FB
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2014 Oct;24(10):757-62.
    PMID: 25327922 DOI: 10.2014/JCPSP.757762
    The aim of the review was to critically appraise the various pros and cons of the synthetic and herbal agents used in mouthwashes against halitosis and facilitate users to choose appropriate mouthwashes according to their need. Oral Malodour (OMO) or halitosis is a global epidemic with social and psychological impact. Use of mouthwash has been adopted worldwide to control halitosis within a past few decades. Alcohol and Chlorhexidine are common agents in synthetic mouthwashes, while Tannins and Eugenol are derived traditional herbal extracts. Each agent signifies some unique properties distinguishing them from others. Herbal ingredients are gaining the attention of the profession due to its mild side effects and competitive results. Herbal mouthwashes can be a safer choice in combating OMO, as an alternate to synthetic mouthwashes.
  9. Pulikkotil SJ, Nath S
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2013 Feb;23(2):164-5.
    PMID: 23374528 DOI: 02.2013/JCPSP.164165
    The trial compared wound healing clinically, histologically and morphometrically after the use of fibrin sealant and sutures for periodontal flap closure. Ten patients were selected for this split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial. On the test site fibrin sealant (F) was applied for flap closure after periodontal flap surgery (n = 10) and on the control site sutures (S) were used (n = 10). Clinically wound healing was observed at 7, 14 and 21 days and biopsy was taken on the 8th day. At seventh day better healing was observed in fibrin sealant site. Histologically mature epithelium and connective tissue formation was seen in fibrin sealant site with increased density of fibroblasts (F = 70.45 ± 7.22; S = 42.95 ± 4.34, p < 0.001) and mature collagen fibers. The suture site had more number of inflammatory cells (S = 32.58 ± 4.29; F = 20.91 ± 4.46, p < 0.001) and more number of blood vessels (S = 11.89 ± 3.64; F = 5.74 ± 2.41, p = 0.005). Fibrin sealant can form a better alternative to sutures for periodontal flap surgery.
  10. Rasool S, Siar CH, Ng KP
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2005 Nov;15(11):679-82.
    PMID: 16300700
    To determine the various oral Candidal species among healthy Malaysian adults.
  11. Mohammed Saghir SA, Al-Hassan FM, Alsalahi OS, Abdul Manaf FS, Baqir HS
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2012 May;22(5):294-7.
    PMID: 22538033 DOI: 05.2012/JCPSP.294297
    To determine the optimum storage temperature and time for prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time at various intervals at both room temperature and refrigerator.
  12. Chidambaram R
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2017 Jan;27(1):44-46.
    PMID: 28292368 DOI: 2520
    Oral rehabilitation in medically compromised patients like chronic kidney disease (CKD) needs special dental care. Many papers have been published on dental considerations for such individuals. However, literature citing oral care for patients with risk factors of CKD are scarce. Resistant hypertension, one such risk factor, is closely related to CKD. Furthermore, the associated increased prevalence and adverse renal/cardiac outcomes motivated the author to report its unexplored association/impact during dental care. The importance of assessing glomerular filtration rate is highlighted to better understand patients' medical conditions.
  13. Pathak S, Sonalika WG, Hs V, Tegginammani AS
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2017 Jan;27(1):47-48.
    PMID: 28292369 DOI: 2521
    Mandibular swellings may occur as a result of many benign lesions of odontogenic or non-odontogenic origin. Ameloblastomas are benign tumours of odontogenic origin, whose importance lies in its potential to grow into enormous size with resulting bone deformity, it is a slow-growing, persistent, and locally aggressive neoplasm. The unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) represents an ameloblastoma variant, presenting as a cyst clinically and radiographically, but showing typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining histologically. It commonly occurs in second and third decades of life and is rare in children under 12 years of age, and better response to conservative treatment. It shares many clinical and radiographic features with odontogenic cysts/tumours and/or periapical disease of endodontic origin. Reported here is an unusual case of unicystic ameloblastoma involving the crown of an unerupted mandibular first premolar in a 9-year boy in an uncommon location, which was misdiagnosed as periapical lesion of inflammatory origin clinically, and as a dentigerous cyst radiographically. This highlights the importance to routinely submit the removed surgical specimen for histopathological examination.
  14. Hamzah AA, Keow CK, Syazri A, Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Khan YH, et al.
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2017 Mar;27(3):S13-S15.
    PMID: 28302231 DOI: 238
    A bezoar is a concretion of foreign or indigestible matter in the alimentary canal and is usual cause of gastric obstruction. Bezoars can become fragmented and migrate downward leading to intestinal obstruction. Diagnosis of phytobezoar has become challenging in clinical practice due to lack of patient history and inability of patient to correlate preceding events with the episode of bowel obstruction. Bezoar associated small bowel obstruction rarely occurs and is usually found in patients with history of gastrointestinal surgery. Very few cases are reported of small bowel obstruction due to bezoar in healthy population without prior illness or surgery. We present a case of small bowel obstruction due to mushroom bezoar in a 62-year patient with no past history of medical illness or gastric surgery. Enterotomy was performed and a whole piece of undigested mushroom measuring 5 x 3 cm was successfully removed.
  15. Al-Alimi AA, Kanakiri N, Kamil M, Al-Rimawi HS, Zaki AH, Yusoff NM
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2010 Dec;20(12):794-7.
    PMID: 21205543 DOI: 12.2010/JCPSP.794797
    OBJECTIVE:
    To evaluate the G6PD(C563T) Mediterranean mutation among Jordanian females who were admitted to Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital (PRTH) with/or previous history of favism.
    STUDY DESIGN:
    A descriptive study.
    PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY:
    Jordanian University of Science and Technology and PRTH, from October 2003 to October 2004.
    METHODOLOGY:
    After obtaining approval from the Ethics Committee of Jordanian University of Science and Technology, a total of 32 females were included in this study. Samples from 15 healthy individual females were used as a negative control. Blood samples from these patients were collected and analyzed by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) to determine the G6PD(C563T) mutation.
    RESULTS:
    Twenty one out of 32 patients were found to be G6PD(C563T) Mediterranean mutation (65.6%) positive. Three out of 21 patients were homozygous and remaining 18 were heterozygous for G6PD(C563T) Mediterranean mutation. Eleven (34.4%) out of 32 patients were found to be negative for G6PD(C563T) mutation indicating the presence of other G6PD mutations in the study sample.
    CONCLUSION:
    G6PD(C563T) Mediterranean mutation accounted for 65.6% of the study sample with favism in the North of Jordan. There is likely to be another G6PD deficiency variant implicated in acute hemolytic crisis (favism).
  16. Kamil M, Haron M, Yosuff N, Khalid I, Azman N
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2010 Jun;20(6):421-2.
    PMID: 20642979 DOI: 06.2010/JCPSP.421422
    A hospital based cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted to determine the frequency of hand foot syndrome (HFS) with Capecitabine as a single agent and in combination with Oxaliplatin. The study included 43 consecutive cases of colorectal carcinoma and conducted from June till December 2008. Patients on palliative care were excluded. SPSS was used for the application of chi-square test, by keeping the level of significance as p < 0.05. Fifteen (34.9%) patients developed HFS, 10 in the single-agent and 5 in the combination group. No significant association of HFS with either regimens was noted (p=0.876).
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