METHODS: Assessment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients with or without PCV after 12 months of ranibizumab treatment during the LUMINOUS study. Outcome measures were visual acuity and central retinal thickness changes from baseline and the rate of ocular adverse events.
RESULTS: At baseline, 572 and 5,644 patients were diagnosed with and without PCV, respectively. The mean visual acuity gain from baseline at Month 12 in the PCV and non-PCV groups was +5.0 and +3.0 letters, respectively; these gains were achieved with a mean of 4.4 and 5.1 ranibizumab injections. Eighty percent of PCV patients and 72.2% of non-PCV patients who had baseline visual acuity ≥73 letters maintained this level of vision at Month 12; 20.6% and 17.9% of patients with baseline visual acuity <73 letters achieved visual acuity ≥73 letters in these groups. Greater reductions in central retinal thickness from baseline were also observed for the PCV group versus the non-PCV group. The rate of serious ocular adverse events was 0.7% (PCV group) and 0.9% (non-PCV group).
CONCLUSION: LUMINOUS confirms the effectiveness and safety of ranibizumab in treatment-naive patients with PCV.
METHODS: This retrospective analysis was of handheld SD OCT images obtained under a prospective research protocol in children who had established XLRS diagnosis based on genetic testing or clinical history. Three OCT graders performed standardized qualitative and quantitative assessment of retinal volume scans, which were divided into foveal, parafoveal, and extrafoveal regions. Visual acuity data were obtained when possible.
RESULTS: Spectral domain OCT images were available of both eyes in 8 pediatric patients with ages 7 months to 10 years. The schisis cavities involved inner nuclear layer in over 90% (15/16) of eyes in all 3 regions. Retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell layer involvement was present only in the extrafoveal region in 63% (10/16) eyes and outer nuclear and plexiform layer in few others. In 7 children followed over 2 months to 15 months, the location of schisis remained consistent. Central foveal thickness decreased from the baseline to final available visit in 4/6 eyes. Ellipsoid zone disruption seemed to accompany lower visual acuity in 1/4 eyes.
CONCLUSION: Early in life, the SD OCT findings in XLRS demonstrate differences in schisis location in fovea-parafoveal versus extrafoveal region, possible association between poor visual acuity and degree of ellipsoid zone disruption and decrease in central foveal thickness over time in this group. Furthermore, they illustrates that the pattern of XLRS in adults is already present in very young children, and unlike in older children and adults, those presenting with earlier disease may have a more aggressive course. Further studies in this early age group may provide more insights into treatment and prevention of progressive visual impairment in children with XLRS.
METHODS: A retrospective case series of eyes with myopic foveoschisis that underwent vitrectomy and PAIR. Visual acuity, fundus photographs, and optical coherence tomography measurements were obtained and analyzed. Data are presented as medians (ranges).
RESULTS: A total of seven eyes underwent PAIR and were followed up for 339 days (188-436 days). No intraoperative complications were noted. One eye exhibited postoperative macular hole formation, but the hole was healed through fluid-gas exchange. At the last follow-up, the visual acuity had improved from 20/66 (20/332-20/40) to 20/40 (20/100-20/25), and the central foveal thickness had decreased from 576 µ m to 269 µ m. A repositioned internal limiting membrane (ILM) was observed in six of the eyes, and inner retinal dimples were noted in only two eyes. However, retinal wrinkles under the repositioned or perifoveal ILM were noted in five eyes.
CONCLUSION: The PAIR technique relieved traction, restored the ILM, and achieved functional and morphological improvement in eyes with myopic foveoschisis. Limited occurrence of inner retinal dimples and retinal thinning was noted, but retinal wrinkles occurred, likely due to ILM contracture.