A 3-year old girl presented to our A&E with a complaint of an acute event of per rectal bleed. The parent had given a history of a visit to a nearby waterfall one day ago. Upon admission she developed hypotension and had a fainting episode due to the excessive passing of blood per rectum. The case report shows how the appropriate investigations were carried out and the twist behind the cause.
Gaucher's disease is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Gaucher's disease has three clinical types: non-neuronopathic (Type 1), Acute Neuropathic (Type 2) and chronic neuronopathic (Type 3). The chronic neuronopathic (Type 3) is characterised by a variety of disease variants with onset in childhood with hepatomegaly, skeletal lesions and later slow horizontal saccades, treatment-resistant generalised tonic-clonic and myoclonic seizures, dementia, progressive spasticity, cognitive deterioration, ataxia and death in the second or third decade of life.
The invasion of Singapore and Malaya was delayed because of the reduction in the period of service in the Far East. The atom bombs were then dropped and plans for all services including medical ones had to be altered, their main aim becoming the treatment and repatriation of surviving prisoners of war. The ending of the war did not occur abruptly on V-J day; many Japanese troops had to be convinced that the war was over. Meantime the treatment of diseases in British and other service men continued; reference is made to some experiences in Rangoon. The morale of personnel who now were anxious to return to their homes was low and efforts were made to raise their spirits. In India it was accepted that the days of British rule were over.
This cross sectional study explored the health problems and health needs in the local Chinese community in Glasgow. Several data collection methods have been used in this study, including face-to-face and telephone structured interviews, postal and hand delivered questionnaires. A total of 800 questionnaires were processed, and 493 were completed, giving an overall response rate 61.6%. The results from the present survey indicated that the health status of Chinese residents in Glasgow is poorer than that of the local population. The most important findings of the study is that the Chinese community in Glasgow underuse health services, and unmet health needs exist in the community. The main barrier to effective use of present health services and benefit from the health promotion and health education programmes is language difficulties. Following discussion with the local community, options for improving the health services for the Chinese community in Glasgow were obtained. The findings of the study have implications for health service purchaser/providers of health care to the Chinese population generally in Scotland.
We report a 72-year-old patient who presented with an ulcerated palatal mass, weight loss and adrenal insufficiency. Repeated biopsies from the mass revealed actinomycosis with no features of malignancy, while computed tomography scanning revealed a left maxillary sinus mass with invasive features and bilateral large adrenal masses. Blood and urine investigations showed adrenal insufficiency. The patient was treated as actinomycosis with adrenal involvement and was given intravenous penicillin and intravenous hydrocortisone. However, his condition did not improve and new signs appeared, that of left facial swelling and lymphadenopathy. A repeat biopsy of the palatal and adrenal masses revealed B-cell lymphoma. This case highlights the possibility that actinomycosis and lymphoma may share similar clinical presentations and may coexist. Either may mask and/or mimic the other, thus causing a delay in diagnosis. We describe the clinical progress and review the related literature. Interestingly, 9 out of the 12 reported cases of concomitant actinomycosis and malignancy (including this case) involve haematological malignancy. A high index of suspicion and treatment response reassessment is important in the management of either rare clinical entity.