Displaying all 8 publications

  1. Raj SM, Yap K, Haq JA, Singh S, Hamid A
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 2001 3 31;95(1):24-7.
    PMID: 11280057
    The Helicobacter pylori infection rate was determined in 124 consecutive patients with duodenal ulcers (DU), gastric ulcers (GU), duodenal erosions or gastric erosions diagnosed by endoscopy at a single institution in north-eastern peninsular Malaysia in 1996-97. Biopsies of the gastric antrum and body were subjected to the urease test, Gram staining of impression smears, culture and histopathological examination. Serology was undertaken on all patients using a locally validated commercial kit. Infection was defined as a positive result in at least one test. The infection rates were 20% (10/50), 21.2% (7/33), 16.7% (1/6) and 17.1% (6/35) in DU, GU, duodenal erosion and gastric erosion patients, respectively. The infection rate among Malays [7.0%, (6/86)] was lower than in non-Malays [47.4% (18/38)] (P < 0.001). There was a higher infection rate among males, who constituted 62.1% (77/124) of the sample. Seventy-eight patients (62.9%) were receiving non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and 33 patients (26.6%) were neither receiving NSAIDs nor were infected with H. pylori. The H. pylori infection rate among peptic ulcer patients in this predominantly Malay rural population appears to be the lowest reported in the world thus far. Empirical H. pylori eradication therapy in peptic ulcer patients is clearly not indicated in this community. The possible reasons for the low prevalence of H. pylori infection are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology
  2. Goh KL, Parasakthi N, Peh SC, Anderson PE, Tan KK
    Singapore Med J, 1995 Dec;36(6):619-20.
    PMID: 8781634
    Omeprazole has been shown to have a suppressive effect on Helicobacter pylori. The aim of this study was to determine if prolonged treatment with omeprazole would result in a higher eradication rate than short course treatment. Twenty patients with endoscopy proven duodenal ulcers and unequivocal evidence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection based on culture, histology, urease test and Gram's stain of a fresh tissue smear were treated with omeprazole 40 mg om for 2-4 weeks. Following ulcer healing, patients received either maintenance omeprazole 20 mg om or placebo for up to one year. All 20 patients had healed ulcers following a 2-4 week course of omeprazole 40 mg om.. All were negative for HP at the end of treatment. Thirteen patients received short course therapy with omeprazole only, followed by placebo. On follow-up endoscopy at 3 months, only one of 13 (7.7%) had eradicated the bacteria. Seven patients received maintenance treatment with omeprazole 20mg om for one year. Following completion of treatment, patients were followed up at 1, 3 and 6 months. Only one of 7 (14.3%) patients had eradicated the infection on long term follow-up. The eradication rates of HP with both short and long course omeprazole monotherapy were low.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology
  3. Salim AS
    Intern. Med., 1993 May;32(5):359-64.
    PMID: 8400493
    This prospective randomized study investigated the possibility that duodenal ulcer relapse associated with Helicobacter Pylori infection is mediated by oxygen-derived free radicals. To this end, the radical scavengers allopurinol (50 mg 4 times daily) and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO, 500 mg 4 times daily) were administered orally. One hundred and forty-six consecutive patients with previous symptomatic endoscopy proven duodenal ulceration, which had been shown endoscopically to have healed in the presence of gastric mucosal infection with Helicobacter Pylori, were randomized to receive for the period of one year either placebo, or cimetidine 400 mg at bedtime, or allopurinol, or DMSO. In one hundred and twenty-six patients evaluable for efficacy, the cumulative relapse at one year was: placebo 47%, cimetidine 24%, allopurinol 6% and DMSO 6%. Cimetidine was significantly effective in preventing the relapse (p < 0.01), however allopurinol and DMSO were superior to cimetidine in this respect (p < 0.05). In the patients who relapsed, ulcer recurrence tended to occur early in those on placebo and cimetidine and to be evenly distributed over the year in those on free radical scavenging therapy. In all groups, ulcer recurrence throughout the maintenance year was more frequently symptomatic than silent. The incidence of infection with Helicobacter Pylori was not influenced by any of the regimens employed and the bacterium was detected with every relapse noted in this study and during the follow-up endoscopy which was carried out at 6 months and at 12 months during the maintenance year. The results suggest that oxygen-derived free radicals are involved in the relapse of duodenal ulceration in patients infected with Helicobacter Pylori.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology
  4. Goh KL, Navaratnam P, Peh SC
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 1996 Dec;8(12):1157-60.
    PMID: 8980932
    OBJECTIVES: To determine the reinfection rate of Helicobacter pylori and duodenal ulcer relapse rate in a group of patients followed up long term.

    DESIGN: Prospective study.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were followed up endoscopically at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after successful H. pylori eradication and duodenal ulcer healing. H. pylori status was determined by culture, rapid urease test, Gram's stain of a fresh tissue smear and histological examination of antral biopsies and rapid urease test and histological examination of corpus biopsies.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Duodenal ulcer healing, H. pylori reinfection.

    RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with duodenal ulcer disease (35 active, 3 healed) had successfully eradicated H. pylori following treatment with omeprazole/amoxycillin (n = 11), omeprazole/amoxycillin/metronidazole (n = 16) and colloidal bismuth subcitrate/ amoxycillin/metronidazole (n = 11). All patients with active duodenal ulcer had healed ulcers at the end of therapy. Thirty-five of 38 patients were seen according to schedule up to 2 years; two patients were seen up to 12 months and one up to 6 months only. Reinfection with H. pylori was not recorded in any of our patients. Shallow duodenal ulcers were noted in three patients at 1-year follow-up, two of whom admitted to taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); H. pylori status was negative in all three. Subsequent follow-up revealed spontaneous healing of the ulcers in all three patients. At 2 years, one patient whose H. pylori status was negative had recurrence of duodenal ulcer. All of the three patients who defaulted subsequent to follow-up were negative for H. pylori and had healed ulcers on follow-up endoscopy at 6 and 12 months.

    CONCLUSION: Reinfection rate with H. pylori was zero in a group of South-East Asian patients who had successfully eradicated the infection. Duodenal ulcer relapse was also low (2.9%) in this group of patients at 2 years.

    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology*
  5. Goh KL, Navaratnam P, Peh SC, Wong NW, Chuah SY, Rahman NA, et al.
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 1996 May;8(5):421-3.
    PMID: 8804868
    To determine whether duodenal ulcers continue to heal following successful Helicobacter pylori eradication with short-term eradication therapy without further acid suppression therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology*
  6. Leow AH, Lim YY, Liew WC, Goh KL
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2016 Apr;43(7):831-7.
    PMID: 26847417 DOI: 10.1111/apt.13550
    Marked epidemiological changes in upper gastrointestinal diseases and Helicobacter pylori infection have taken place in the Asian Pacific region. In particular, differences with respect to race in the multiracial Asian population in Malaysia have been important and interesting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology
  7. Khalilpour A, Santhanam A, Wei LC, Saadatnia G, Velusamy N, Osman S, et al.
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2013;14(3):1635-42.
    PMID: 23679248
    Helicobacter pylori antigen was prepared from an isolate from a patient with a duodenal ulcer. Serum samples were obtained from culture-positive H. pylori infected patients with duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers and gastritis (n=30). As controls, three kinds of sera without detectable H. pylori IgG antibodies were used: 30 from healthy individuals without history of gastric disorders, 30 from patients who were seen in the endoscopy clinic but were H. pylori culture negative and 30 from people with other diseases. OFF-GEL electrophoresis, SDS-PAGE and Western blots of individual serum samples were used to identify protein bands with good sensitivity and specificity when probed with the above sera and HRP-conjugated anti-human IgG. Four H. pylori protein bands showed good (≥ 70%) sensitivity and high specificity (98-100%) towards anti-Helicobacter IgG antibody in culture- positive patients sera and control sera, respectively. The identities of the antigenic proteins were elucidated by mass spectrometry. The relative molecular weights and the identities of the proteins, based on MALDI TOF/ TOF, were as follows: CagI (25 kDa), urease G accessory protein (25 kDa), UreB (63 kDa) and proline/pyrroline- 5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (118 KDa). These identified proteins, singly and/or in combinations, may be useful for diagnosis of H. pylori infection in patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology
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