Five hundred and thirty-six patients were examined for the presence of talon cusps. The anomaly was observed in 28 patients (5.2 per cent). There was no sex predilection in the occurrence. Only two patients had a bilateral occurrence, with the maxillary lateral incisors being the most commonly affected. Radiographic evidence of pulpal extension into the cusp was observed in five patients. Many of the affected teeth presented with deep developmental grooves some of which were carious and/or occlusal interference leading to malocclusion.
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of third molar agenesis and other associated dental anomalies in Bangladeshi population and to investigate the relationship of other dental anomalies with the third molar presence/agenesis. A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs of 5923 patients, who ranged in age from 10 to 50 years. All radiographs were analyzed by Planmeca Romexis® 3.0 software (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland). Pearson chi-square and one way ANOVA (Post Hoc) test were conducted. The prevalence of third molar agenesis was 38.4%. The frequency of third molar agenesis was significantly higher in females than males (p <0.025). Third molar agenesis was significantly more prevalent in maxilla as compared to mandible (p <0.007). The prevalence of other dental anomalies was 6.5%, among them hypodontia was 3.1%. Prevalence of third molar agenesis varies in different geographic region. Among the other dental anomalies hypodontia was more prevalent.
The maxillary casts of 320 Malaysian children were examined for the occurrence of the Carabelli trait on the maxillary first permanent molars. The total trait frequency was observed to be 52.2 per cent. Statistical analysis showed no sex dimorphism in the occurrence of the trait. Bilateral occurrence with a tendency towards concordance of expression between sides was also observed.