Browse publications by year: 1955

  1. Gillett JD, Ross RW
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 1955;49:63-65.
    DOI: 10.1080/00034983.1955.11685652
    MeSH terms: Culicidae; Yellow Fever; Yellow Fever/transmission
  2. Gullick JM
    MeSH terms: History, 19th Century; History, 20th Century
  3. Abdul Wahab A
    Br Med J, 1955;2:439.
    I would like to report the case of a Chinese boy of 5 years old who came to see me with a ball-bearing in one of his ears. Repeated attempts were made to extricate it under general anaesthesia by means of several kinds of aural apparatus, but they all failed. While about to give up hope and hand him over to a specialist, I managed to borrow a pair of magnetic forceps from a radio mechanic. The ball-bearing was immediately attracted to the point of the forceps and drawn out with ease. It would not be a bad idea to design a magnetic aural (or nasal) forceps based upon the above principles with a view to avoiding unnecessary pain and misery to the young victims.
    MeSH terms: Child; Ear Diseases; Foreign Bodies; Male
  4. Reid HA
    Br Med J, 1955;2:908-909.
    MeSH terms: Singapore
  5. Dougall D, Abraham EP
    Nature, 1955;176:256.
    DOI: 10.1038/176256a0
    WHILE studying the antibacterial products of a species of Streptomyces (N.C.I.B. 8697) sent by Dr. R. Green from Malaya, we have isolated an orange-red coloured basic substance which is very active against a variety of bacteria and is highly toxic to mice. The antibiotic was extracted from the culture fluid into chloroform, at pH 6, and re-extracted into water at pH 2, or extracted into trichloroethylene, at pH 8.5, and re-extracted into water at pH 3.5. It was purified by counter-current distribution in a solvent system consisting of trichloroethylene and 0.1 M sodium citrate buffer, pH. 5.95. In this system its partition coefficient, K (Combining double low line concentration in trichloroethylene/concentration in water), was 0.98. The purified product yielded a crystalline hydrochloride, reineckate and picrate. The behaviour of this antibiotic suggests that it is identical with, or very closely related to, xanthomycin A - a substance which has been isolated from species of Streptomyces1, and stated to have quinonoid properties2. We wish to record, however, that it is a stronger base than xanthomycin A has been reported to be and that it yields two simple bases on hydrolysis which have not been described as degradation products of xanthomycin A. © 1955 Nature Publishing Group.
    MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents; Antibiotics, Antitubercular; Humans; Tetracyclines
  6. Smith CEG, Wells CW
    PMID: 13240301
    MeSH terms: Animals; Humans; Malaysia; Culicidae*; Rabies/epidemiology*; Rabies Vaccines*
  7. Yeh LS
    J. Helminthol., 1955;29(1-2):44-8.
    PMID: 13263558 DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X00024214
    A collection of parasitic worms was made from Rattus rattus jarak (Bonhote) from Pulau Jarak, “which lies in the middle of the Malacca Straits between Penang and Port Swettenham and some 85 miles from the Sembilan Islands opposite the Dindings.” (Audy, 1950). It was collected by Dr. J. R. Audy, Senior Research Officer of the Division of Virus Research and Medical Zoology, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur while investigating scrub-typhus on the island.
    MeSH terms: Animals; Liver*; Nematoda*; Trichostrongyloidea*; Rats
  8. MARSDEN AT
    Schweiz Z Pathol Bakteriol, 1955;18(4):644-7.
    PMID: 13267428
    MeSH terms: Carcinoma*; Humans; Liver Neoplasms*; Malaysia
  9. Reid JA
    Bull World Health Organ, 1955;12(5):705-10.
    PMID: 14379006
    After two years' use of hexachlorocyclohexane (BHC) as a larvicide in Georgetown, on Penang Island, control of Culex fatigans breeding became unsatisfactory. Two laboratory colonies of fatigans were established, one from Georgetown, and one from Kuala Lumpur where no insecticides had been used; tests were then made to determine the median lethal concentrations (MLC) of BHC, dieldrin, and DDT for the larvae of the two strains. The Georgetown strain was found to have acquired a tenfold resistance to BHC, and also to dieldrin to which it had not been exposed, but it showed no significant increase of resistance to DDT, to which it had also not been exposed. A year later, when both strains had passed through some ten generations in the laboratory without exposure to insecticides, the Georgetown strain was found to have lost much of its resistance to BHC, although the MLC was still twice that of the non-resistant Kuala Lumpur strain.
    MeSH terms: Animals; Culex*; Insecticides/pharmacology*; Larva*; Malaysia; Culicidae*
  10. GIUDICE PA
    Minerva Chir, 1955 Feb 28;10(4):190-1.
    PMID: 14369790
    MeSH terms: Health*; Humans; Malaysia; Medicine*; Physicians*
  11. GILLETT JD, ROSS RW
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 1955 Mar;49(1):63-5.
    PMID: 14362420
    MeSH terms: Aedes*; Animals; Humans; Laboratories*; Malaysia; Culicidae*; Yellow Fever/transmission*
  12. FIELD CE
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):179-94.
    PMID: 14393208
    MeSH terms: Child; Deficiency Diseases*; Humans; Infant
  13. McDOUGALL C
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):195-204.
    PMID: 14393209
    MeSH terms: Electrocardiography/instrumentation*; Humans
  14. HAQ SM, SMYTH VO
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):205-11.
    PMID: 14393210
    MeSH terms: Mental Disorders/therapy*; Chlorpromazine/therapeutic use*; Psychiatry*; Psychosurgery*; Psychotherapy*
  15. PALLISTER RA
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):212-5.
    PMID: 14393211
    MeSH terms: Ascariasis/therapy*; Piperazines/therapeutic use*
  16. LAING AB
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):216-21.
    PMID: 14393212
    MeSH terms: Chloroquine*; Hospitals, District*; Malaria/therapy*; Quinolines/therapeutic use*; Uricosuric Agents*; Malaria, Falciparum*
  17. HONG YG
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Mar;9(3):222-6.
    PMID: 14393213
    MeSH terms: Gangrene*; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Newborn, Diseases*
  18. ALEXANDER AD, WETMORE PW, EVANS LB, JEFFRIES H, GLEISER CA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg, 1955 May;4(3):492-506.
    PMID: 14376775
    MeSH terms: Animals; Borneo; Humans; Leptospira*; Malaysia; Culicidae*; Thailand
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