1. Chimarrogale hantu a water shrew new to the fauna of the Malay Peninsula is described. Specimens were collected in lowland forest near Kuala Lumpur, and one specimen from the Cameron Highlands in Pahang, in montane forest.
2. The type shows the character of Thomas's genus Crossogale, but another specimen shows that ofChimarrogale s.s. as understood by Thomas. Crossogale Thomas is therefore synonymised with Chimarrogale Anderson.
3. A key to the known forms of Chimarrogale is given.
Colonies of three strains of Aëdes aegypti resistant to DDT were obtained from Trinidad, Haiti and Malaya and reared beside a normal colony. From their relative resistance to a series of compounds analogous to DDT, characteristic resistance "spectra" were obtained. The two colonies from the West Indies showed a similar type of resistance, rather different from the (smaller) resistance of the Malay strain. No resistance to methoxychlor or dieldrin was found.
Resistance to insecticides in Culex pipiens fatigans has already been reported from two areas in Malaya. In Penang two years' use of BHC as a larvicide resulted in the development of a strain which was found to have acquired a tenfold resistance to BHC, and also to dieldrin to which it had not been exposed. In Singapore, when larval control became unsatisfactory after 6 months' use of a dieldrin emulsion, laboratory experiments confirmed that active resistance to dieldrin had developed. The present observations report the finding of two further dieldrin-BHC resistant strains of C. p. fatigans in Malaya, but differ from the previous reports in that resistance, in one strain at least, was developed as a result of house-spraying with dieldrin against adult mosquitos. In this strain resistance to dieldrin was about 100 times in both adults and larvae, resistance to gamma-BHC in larvae was about 20 times, while resistance to DDT was slight.