• 1 Institut Sukan Negara (National Sports Institute), National Sports Complex, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Environmental Extremes Laboratory, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, UK
  • 3 EDGE10 Group Ltd, London, UK
  • 4 CS Performance, Clontarf Hockey Club, Dublin, Ireland
  • 5 Centre for Human Performance, Exercise and Rehabilitation (CHPER), Division of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, UK
Temperature (Austin), 2022;9(4):357-372.
PMID: 36339092 DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2021.1997535


This study investigated the effect of heat stress on locomotor activity within international field hockey at team, positional and playing-quarter levels. Analysis was conducted on 71 matches played by the Malaysia national men's team against 24 opponents. Fixtures were assigned to match conditions, based on air temperature [COOL (14 ± 3°C), WARM (24 ± 1°C), HOT (27 ± 1°C), or VHOT (32 ± 2°C), p 25°C) on pacing within international hockey. These are the first data demonstrating the effect of air temperature on locomotor activity within international men's hockey, notably that increased air temperature impairs high-intensity activities by 5-15%. Higher air temperatures compromise high-speed running distances between matches in hockey.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.