• 1 Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia. Electronic address:
  • 2 Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia. Electronic address:
  • 3 Earth Observation Center, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia. Electronic address:
  • 4 Health Informatics Center, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Environ Pollut, 2014 Jun;189:194-201.
PMID: 24682070 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.010


This study assessed the economic value of health impacts of transboundary smoke haze pollution in Kuala Lumpur and adjacent areas in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. Daily inpatient data from 2005, 2006, 2008, and 2009 for 14 haze-related illnesses were collected from four hospitals. On average, there were 19 hazy days each year during which the air pollution levels were within the Lower Moderate to Hazardous categories. No seasonal variation in inpatient cases was observed. A smoke haze occurrence was associated with an increase in inpatient cases by 2.4 per 10,000 populations each year, representing an increase of 31 percent from normal days. The average annual economic loss due to the inpatient health impact of haze was valued at MYR273,000 ($91,000 USD).

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.