Affiliations 

  • 1 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Int J Public Health Res, 2015;5(2):597-605.
MyJurnal

Abstract

Introduction An Analysis of a Survey Questionnaire on health care workers’ knowledge
and practices regarding of infection control and complains them to apply
universal precautions. Health care workers are at substantial risk of acquiring
blood borne pathogen infections through exposure to blood or other products
of patients. To assess of infection control among health care workers in
Sana'a healthcare centers, Yemen.

Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in the health center to assess
knowledge and practices regarding of infection control among 237 health
workers in Sana,a city. A structured self-administered questionnaires were
used and data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and the associations were
tested with chi-square, with p-value of < 0.05.

Results The health care workers in public centers ware (51.1%) and (48.9%) of them
works in private centers. One hundred and seventeen (49.4%) respondents
had poor infection control knowledge, 113 (43.5%) had fair knowledge, and
17 (7.2%) had good knowledge. The knowledge was significantly associated
with type of center (P < 0.018), such that the public center had the highest
proportion with poor knowledge. And nurses and midwife having the highest
proportion with fair knowledge of infection control. Eight (3.4%) respondents
had a poor practice of universal precautions, 93 (39.2%) had fair practice, and
136 (57.4%) good practice. The practice was significantly associated with the
profession, level of education and work experience (P < 0.001), (P < 0.006),
(P < 0.001) respectively, and nurses and midwives as the profession with the
highest proportion with good practice.

Conclusion We conclude that the practices and knowledge of universal precautions were
low and that's need for intensive programmes to educate health care workers
on various aspects of standard precautions and infection control programmes
and policies.