• 1 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
  • 2 Universiti Putra Malaysia


This study aims to determine the awareness level of safety
management and safety behavior among SMEs workers. Safety management as a
subsystem in the overall management of the organization. It is designed to control
hazards that can affect the safety and health of workers. Small and Medium Enterprise
(SMEs) in Malaysia continue to face many challenges both traditionally and new.
80% to 90% of occupational accidents occurred involving worker of SMEs industry.
A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to the involved small medium
industries. Questionnaires form that consist of three sections, namely socio
demographic, safety management and safety behavior. This study was conducted at
selected SMEs located in Klang Valley. 226 workers responded. In order to interpret
the level of awareness among the respondents, a 3-level scale (High: 3.68 – 5.00,
Moderate: 2.34 – 3.67, Low: 1.00 – 2.33) based on the mean score was used suggested
by Ashari & Mahmood. The findings show that the highest level of awareness was
safety behavior while the lowest awareness level was safety promotion policy
respectively. Findings also showed that, there were moderate correlation between
safety management and safety behavior. Understanding the concept of the OSH
management system will help us to understand the application of OSH management
system in Malaysia. OSH Management very important to prevent accident, ill health
& injury at workplace towards development of safety culture.