• 1 Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah
  • 2 Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia


There has been an increase in the number of Motor
Vehicle Accidents (MVA) in Malaysia throughout
the years. Although blunt neck injury is uncommon,
it is associated with severe, permanent neurological
deficit with risk of mortality. This case is a classical
presentation of a young male involved in a MVA who
sustained head and neck injuries of varying severity.
After a short symptom free interval, the patient
started to develop neurological signs. Presenting signs
and symptoms include Horner’s syndrome, dysphasia,
hemiparesis, obtundation or monoparesis. A computed
tomography (CT) scan of brain must be done and if the
findings showed that there is no intracranial bleeding
(ICB), high suspicions with further evaluation should
be done. Confirmation can be obtained by Doppler
ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic
resonance angiography (MRA), CT angiography (CTA)
or catheter angiography to rule out carotid artery injury.