• 1 International Medical University


Introduction: Nurses are obligated to respond
competently in the event of cardiac arrest. Nurses could
be hesitant to intervene due to low self-efficacy in their
ability to manage cardiac arrest patients.

Objective: The objective of this study was to
determine the level of nurses' perceived self-efficacy
in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at a private
hospital in Kuala Lumpur.

Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was
conducted with 112 respondents who fulfilled the
inclusion criteria. A 19 item questionnaire on
Resuscitation Self-Efficacy Scale (RSES) was adapted
and scored using a 5-point Likert scale.

Results: The total mean score and standard deviation
of perceived self-efficacy score in resuscitation was (M
= 77.68; SD ± 11.77) which indicated a high degree
of self-efficacy among nurses. There were significant
differences between respondents’ age groups with (t
= -2.520; p = 0.013), unit of working (t = -4.086; p =
0.001), real experiences in resuscitation (t = 2.532; p =
0.013), and the number of participations in resuscitation
(t=-6.668; p=0.001) and nurses perceived self-efficacy
in CPR. There were also significant differences between
respondents' years of working experience with (F
= 7.286; p =0.001) and types of last resuscitation
training (F= 7.088; p = 0.001). However, there was no
significant difference between the nurses' time of their
last resuscitation training (F = 1.225; p = 0.298) and the
nurses perceived self-efficacy in CPR.

Conclusion: In conclusion, nurses were deemed to possess
a high sense of self-efficacy in CPR. This study concluded
that nurses' age groups, years of working experience,
unit of working, real experiences in resuscitation and
the number of participations in resuscitation and types
of last resuscitation training are factors contributing
towards self-efficacy in CPR performances. However, the
time of last resuscitation training reported no significant
difference towards nurses' perceived self-efficacy in
CPR. Therefore, repetitive CPR and ACLS certification
training are pivotal in order to strengthen nurse’s self-efficacy in resuscitation and team collaboration through
training in this private hospital.