Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:1399-1403.


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of mild cognitive impairment on pattern electroretinogram (pERG)
among urban elderly Malays. A total of 36 subjects aged 60 years and above comprising of 18 MCI subjects and 18
normal controls were recruited for this study. The inclusion criteria for both the MCI and normal subjects included best
corrected distance visual acuity ≥ 6/9 (Snellen) with refractive error less than ±4.00 DS and/or ±2.00 DC (astigmatism),
near visual acuity ≥ N8, absence or no previous history of any significant media opacities, retinal disorders and ocular
pathologies. pERG was recorded with the RetiPort/Scan21 system in accordance with the International Society for the
Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision standards. The target presented to subjects through a 19” CRT monitor was a black
and white reversing checkerboard with luminance equal to 80 cd/m2
, contrast 97% and stimulus frequency 2.00 Hz (4
rev/s). Amplitudes and implicit times of P50 and N95 waves generated by the system were noted and compared between
the two groups. The results showed no significant difference in the amplitude and implicit times between the right and left
eyes so only the right eye was used for comparison between the MCI and control groups. The mean amplitude and implicit
times of the right eye of the MCI and control groups were 1.86±0.65 μV, 56.27±6.20 ms and 1.54±0.74 μV, 56.15±4.98 ms,
respectively. T-test showed no significant differences in pERG amplitudes and implicit times between MCI and the control
groups. In conclusion, our results may imply that the inner retina is intact in early MCI elderly subjects.