• 1 Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • 2 Khyber Medical University
  • 3 King Saud University


The flipped classroom (FC), an innovative teaching and learning pedagogy has grown in medical education since last decade. In FC modality, students learn by means of print, audio or video-based material self-reliantly, before built-in teaching sessions in the classroom to overcome passive learning. In this review, the key concepts, benefits and best practices of the FC in health professions education have been described. The review was carried out using Medline, Scopus, Ovid, and Cochrane. The keywords were “Flipped method, Teaching strategy, Role of the teacher, and Medical students”. Flipped is an effective teaching modality which enables learners to be independent. Students do take ownership of what they learn. Tutors are also satisfied with what their learners acquire. The benefits of FC are robust and likely to augment the learning abilities of the students as well as supplementing the learning course content; group events can deliver added benefits too.