• 1 Department of Computer Science, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Chalous, Mazandaran, Iran; Department of Computer System and Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 University of Niš, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Deparment for Mechatronics and Control, Niš, Serbia
  • 3 Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 4 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
PLoS ONE, 2014;9(7):e103414.
PMID: 25075621 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103414


Wind turbine noise is one of the major obstacles for the widespread use of wind energy. Noise tone can greatly increase the annoyance factor and the negative impact on human health. Noise annoyance caused by wind turbines has become an emerging problem in recent years, due to the rapid increase in number of wind turbines, triggered by sustainable energy goals set forward at the national and international level. Up to now, not all aspects of the generation, propagation and perception of wind turbine noise are well understood. For a modern large wind turbine, aerodynamic noise from the blades is generally considered to be the dominant noise source, provided that mechanical noise is adequately eliminated. The sources of aerodynamic noise can be divided into tonal noise, inflow turbulence noise, and airfoil self-noise. Many analytical and experimental acoustical studies performed the wind turbines. Since the wind turbine noise level analyzing by numerical methods or computational fluid dynamics (CFD) could be very challenging and time consuming, soft computing techniques are preferred. To estimate noise level of wind turbine, this paper constructed a process which simulates the wind turbine noise levels in regard to wind speed and sound frequency with adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). This intelligent estimator is implemented using Matlab/Simulink and the performances are investigated. The simulation results presented in this paper show the effectiveness of the developed method.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.