Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 5567 in total

  1. Ab Halim MAH, Rampal S, Devaraj NK, Badr IT
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 09;75(5):594-596.
    PMID: 32918435
    Morel-Lavallee lesions (MLL) are post-traumatic, closed internal degloving injuries that can result in severe complications if not diagnosed early. It is conventionally seen in cases of the high energy injuries of the pelvis and lower limb. The accumulation of extravasated blood, secondary to fracture and soft tissue damage may cause internal degloving injury, skin necrosis, soft tissue damage and acute osteomyelitis. We report here the clinical and radiological features in a 32-year-old male referred from the emergency department of a tertiary hospital who had sustained high energy motor vehicle accident. On examination, there was a fluctuant, mobile, non-tender subcutaneous mass over the distal arm with suspicion of internal degloving injury. Plain radiographs showed no fractures. Ultrasound showed a fluid collection with the presence of septations and echogenic debris within the collection. Extravasation was noted between subcutaneous tissue layer and fascia at the posterolateral aspect of the arm. Wound debridement under general anaesthesia was carried out. Intraoperative findings reported a significant amount of thick serous fluid with necrotic debris. Unhealthy skin and fat layers were debrided. Underlying muscles were found to be healthy. The results of the intraoperative fluid culture and sensitivity showed no growth. Negative pressure vacuum dressing was carried out. After five cycles of vacuum dressing, the wound showed signs of healing with an improved range of motion of the elbow. Orthopaedic surgeons need to be vigilant of the possibility of MLL in the upper limb as a differential diagnosis in the management of high energy trauma.
  2. Ab Hamid J, Juni MH, Rosliza AM, Syed Ismail SN, Lim PY
    Med J Malaysia, 2023 Jan;78(1):109-117.
    PMID: 36715200
    INTRODUCTION: The floating catchment area (FCA) method has emerged as the most comprehensive and accurate method for quantifying the spatial accessibility of health care services. There were variants of the FCA-based method that was continuously improvised by the researchers to suit specific local contexts and the different nature of healthcare service delivery. This scoping review identifies factors associated with the spatial accessibility of healthcare services that were specifically measured using the FCAbased method.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This scoping review was performed through electronic databases (PubMed and ScienceDirect) using keywords: 'spatial accessibility', 'floating catchment area' and 'factors'. Google Scholar and Mendeley Network were also used as additional sources to obtain relevant studies.

    RESULTS: A total of 32 articles were included in this review. Factors identified can be distinguished into two broad categories, which are spatial and non-spatial factors. Spatial factors were remoteness or distance from the urban centre, areas in close proximity to main roads, and some specific geographical characteristics such as mountainous and deltaic regions, whereas non-spatial factors were the degree of urbanisation, population density and various demographic profiles of the population such as socioeconomic status, health need, and minority ethnic composition.

    CONCLUSION: This study adds to the body of literature pertinent to the factors associated with spatial accessibility to healthcare services. These findings could give insight for researchers to consider and incorporate those additional variables to further improve the FCA-based method calculations.

  3. Ab Latip N, Ng PY, Jaili S, Mohd Noordin N
    Med J Malaysia, 2018 02;73(1):41-43.
    PMID: 29531201 MyJurnal
    Procidentia is uncommon condition altering quality of life of young and nulliparous women. Its management poses significant dilemma and challenges as its associated body image, fertility and sexuality issues. Uterine preservation surgery described by Archibald Donald in 1888 known as Manchester -Fothergill procedure seems best option as alternative to vaginal hysterectomy. Despite its increasing popularity among surgeons and patients, robust clinical evidence is needed. We report a case of recurrent procidentia in a young nulliparous woman who had Manchester repair following vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy. We concluded that Manchester repair is a useful and safe alternative for uterine-preserving technique.
  4. Ab Malik N, Walls AWG
    Med J Malaysia, 2022 Nov;77(6):771-772.
    PMID: 36448399
    No abstract available.
  5. Ab Mumin N, Azman RR, Chan WY
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 Jun;74(3):240-242.
    PMID: 31256183
    In central venous obstruction, vertebral marrow enhancement (VME) may be seen secondary to collateral venous flow via the vertebral venous plexus.1 There are only sporadic case reports on pseudolesions due to collateral enhancement mimicking sclerotic osseous metastasis. This abnormal vertebral enhancement may lead to erroneous diagnosis of sclerotic metastases or suspicious bone lesion which affect the management and prognosis. We describe a case of brachiocephalic vein obstruction-related vertebral body pseudolesions as identified in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) scan.
  6. Abbas AA, Merican AM, Kwan MK, Mohamad JA
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Feb;61 Suppl A:83-7.
    PMID: 17042237
    Total knee arthroplasty is the most preferred option for treatment of severe osteoarthritis of the knee. We report the short-term outcome of 48 total knee replacements in 31 patients utilizing the Apollo Total Knee System after an average follow-up of 48 months (range 15 to 70 months). Records of all patients who underwent TKA using Apollo Total Knee System were retrospectively reviewed. Functional outcome was evaluated using visual analogue scale for pain rating and the Oxford 12-item questionnaire. Postoperative radiographs of the replaced knees were assessed by using the Knee Society Total Knee Arthroplasty Roentgenographic Evaluation and Scoring System. Degenerative osteoarthritis was the commonest indication for TKA. The average patient's age was 63.7 years (range, 30-77 years). The mean visual analogue scale for pre- and post-operative pain was eight and zero respectively. The mean Oxford 12-item questionnaire score pre- and post-operatively was 44.8 and 16.5 respectively. Patient satisfaction was notable in 98% of the cases with an average improvement in arc of flexion of 111 degrees. There were four failures; deep infection (one) and aseptic loosening (three) giving rise to a 94% implant survivor. The short-term results of this series is comparable with or better than a number of outcome studies of the Apollo Knee System or other implants of similar design.
  7. Abd Rashid MY, Abu Bakar A, Mohd Asri MT, Iskandar SM
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:135-6.
    PMID: 15468855
    Poly (p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) was synthesized from p-xylylene bis(tetrahydrothiophenium chloride) using the Wessling route and characterized by Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) and UV-visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopic techniques. The significance of thermal treatment along with evolution of precursor polymer to polymer PPV was also studied through these spectroscopic techniques. Thermally Stimulated Current (TSC) measurements indicated the presence of crystallization, sulphonium group which occurred through the evolution from precursor polymer to polymer PPV during thermal treatment.
  8. Abd Talib AKA, Tan SC, Jamal R, Azizan EA, Shaharir SS, Abdul Murad NA
    Med J Malaysia, 2021 07;76(4):541-550.
    PMID: 34305116
    INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic and life-threatening autoimmune disease. Its prevalence and clinical manifestations are known to be particularly severe in the Asian populations. Although genetics is known to play an important role in SLE susceptibility and clinical manifestations, the specific polymorphisms associated with these phenotypes in Asia are unclear. Therefore, we aim to review the association of SLE genetic polymorphisms with lupus manifestations across Asian populations and their role in the pathogenesis of SLE.

    METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, EBSCOHost, and Web of Science. We identified 22 casecontrol studies that matched our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information such as study characteristics, genetic polymorphisms associated with SLE, and organ manifestations was extracted and reported in this review.

    RESULTS: In total, 30 polymorphisms in 16 genes were found to be associated with SLE among Asians. All included polymorphisms also reported associations with various SLE clinical features. The association of rs1234315 in TNFSF4 linking to SLE susceptibility (P=4.17x10-17 OR=1.45 95% CI=1.34-1.59) and musculoskeletal manifestation (P=3.35x10-9, OR=1.37, 95%CI= 1.23-1.51) might be the most potential biomarkers to differentiate SLE between Asian and other populations. In fact, these associated genetic variants were found in loci that were implicated in immune systems, signal transduction, gene expression that play important roles in SLE pathogenesis.

    DISCUSSIONS AND CONCLUSIONS: This review summarized the potential correlation between 30 genetic polymorphisms associated with SLE and its clinical manifestations among Asians. More efforts in dissecting the functional implications and linkage disequilibrium of associated variants may be required to validate these findings.

  9. Abdul Azim Al-Abrar AK, Nik Adilah NO, Hazama M
    Med J Malaysia, 2021 Sep;76(5):768-770.
    PMID: 34508393
    Luc's abscess is an exceedingly rare complication of otitis media, where the middle ear infection spreads extratemporally causing a subperiosteal collection under the temporalis muscle. It is known as a benign complication of otitis media as it is thought not to involve the mastoid bone in comparison to other types of extratemporal abscesses related to otitis media. We describe a challenging case of a 19-year-old male with Down syndrome diagnosed with Luc's abscess involving the mastoid bone. A high-resolution computed tomography scan is important to determine the extent of the abscess, with or without mastoid involvement, and the presence of complications. These findings will then help to determine the surgical options. Drainage of abscesses is a simple, initial, and conservative approach but less effective compared to mastoidectomy. 'Mastoidsparing' approach should only be considered if there is complete resolution after a simple drainage and antibiotic treatment.
  10. Abdul Aziz AF, Mohamed AR, Murugesu S, Siti Zarina AH, Lee BN
    Med J Malaysia, 2021 07;76(4):502-509.
    PMID: 34305111
    BACKGROUND: Scalp video electroencephalography monitoring (VEM) and brain MRI sometime fail to identify the epileptogenic focus (EF) in patients with drug resistant epilepsy (DRE). 18F-FDG PET/CT has been shown to improve the detection of EF in patients but is not widely used in Malaysia. Thus, the objective of this study was to identify whether 18F-FDG PET/CT conferred an added benefit in the pre-surgical evaluation of DRE.

    METHODS: Retrospective review of 119 consecutive paediatric patients referred for 18F-FDG-PET/CT at the Department of Nuclear Medicine of the National Cancer Institute, Putrajaya. All had DRE and underwent evaluation at the Paediatric Institute, Hospital Kuala Lumpur. Visually detected areas of 18F-FDG-PET/CT hypometabolism were correlated with clinical, MRI and VEM findings.

    RESULTS: Hypometabolism was detected in 102/119 (86%) 18FFDG- PET/CT scans. The pattern of hypometabolism in 73 patients with normal MRI was focal unilobar in 16/73 (22%), multilobar unilateral in 8/73 (11%), bilateral in 27/73 (37%) and global in 5/73 (7%) of patients; whilst 17/73 (23%) showed normal metabolism. In 46 patients with lesions on MRI, 18F-FDG-PET/CT showed concordant localisation and lateralization of the EF in 30/46 (65%) patients, and bilateral or widespread hypometabolism in the rest. Addition of 18FFDG PET/CT impacted decision making in 66/119 (55%) of patients; 24/73 with non-lesional and 30/46 patients with lesional epilepsies were recommended for surgery or further surgical work up, whilst surgery was not recommended in 11/46 patients with lesional epilepsy due to bilateral or widespread hypometabolism. 25 patients subsequently underwent epilepsy surgery, with 16/25 becoming seizure free following surgery.

    CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG-PET/CT has an added benefit for the localization and lateralization of EF, particularly in patients with normal or inconclusive MRI.

  11. Abdul Aziz KA, Draman N, Wan Isa WYH, Mustaffa N
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 07;75(4):396-399.
    PMID: 32724001
    Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is a recognised complication of liver cirrhosis and predicts poor outcomes. Detection of diastolic dysfunction, an early indicator of left ventricular dysfunction can help identify those patients at risk of disease progression. In our study we showed that there was a high prevalence of diastolic dysfunction amongst patients with liver cirrhosis at our outpatient clinic, with the majority being Child-Pugh A/low MELD score. Multiple regression analysis indicated that age and sodium levels were significantly associated with the presence of diastolic dysfunction. This further reinforces the importance of dietary sodium restriction amongst patients with liver cirrhosis.
  12. Abdul Gaffar R, Abdul Majid FA, Sarmidi MR
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jul;63 Suppl A:100-1.
    PMID: 19025004
    Cashew (Anacardium occindentale L) leaves extract (CLE) has potential as tyrosinase inhibitor that can be used for therapeutic in pigmentation problem. This study investigates the real potential of CLE to inhibit tyrosinase and melanin reduction using human epidermal melanocytes. The extracts were exposed to the human melanocytes for more than 24 hours. The CLE extract exhibited potential as tyrosinase inhibitor, reduced melanin and high in antioxidant activity relative to commercial extract of Emblica sp.
  13. Abdul Ghani R, Norazmi MK, Norlaila M
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Jun;61(2):254-7.
    PMID: 16898326 MyJurnal
    Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumour typically arising within the adrenal medulla. It may occur sporadically or be associated as part of a tumour syndrome including Von Hippel Lindau (VHL), Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) 2 and Neurofibromatosis Type 1. VHL is associated with multi-organ involvement of benign and malignant tumours characterized by the presence of retinal angiomas, hemangioblastomas of the cerebellum and spinal cord, renal cell carcinomas, pheochromocytomas and other cystic lesions in the kidneys, pancreas, and epididymis. It is a rare disorder with prevalence estimated at 2-3 per 100,000. This case report describes a 37 years old Chinese gentleman who presented to our institution for further management of bilateral pheochromocytoma and retinal angioblastoma with problems of duodenal ulcer and anaemia. There was no family history of similar problems. With these features the criteria for the diagnosis of von Hippel Lindau disease was established.
  14. Abdul Ghani S, Hashim R
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Dec;39(4):314-6.
    PMID: 6544941
    A case of A. V. fistula of the superior thyroid vessels following thyroidectomy is reported. Though the standard treatment of such a fistula is ligation and excision, a more simple Iigation and division of the superior thyroid artery is adequate for reasons mention. The demonstration of the feeding vessel by angiogram has to be accurate.
  15. Abdul Ghani S, Noori S, Tan PE
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Dec;39(4):311-3.
    PMID: 6544940
    This paper presents a case report of a primary lymphoma of the appendix as the underlying cause of acute appendicitis. As in previous reported cases, diagnosis can only be made intraoperatively followed by a proven histopathological picture as they present with an acute surgical abdomen.
  16. Abdul Hadi NN, Premakumar CM, Mohamed Shah N
    Med J Malaysia, 2022 Jan;77(1):26-32.
    PMID: 35086991
    INTRODUCTION: Parental attitudes can have a significant impact on the use of medicines in children. This study aimed to investigate parental attitudes towards medicines used in children in Malaysia and the sociodemographic factors associated with it.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted among 230 parents with children aged 12 years and below in Malaysia. Data were collected between November 2020 and January 2021 through online platforms.

    RESULTS: The majority of respondents were mothers (67.8%) and aged between 40-49 years (43.0%). The results showed that antipyretics were the most commonly used medicines followed by cough and cold medicines, antibiotics, and analgesics. The results further revealed that parents have neutral attitudes toward the use of medicines in children (69.90 ± 12.12 from a total score of 105), and mothers and younger parents having a significantly more positive attitude than fathers and older parents, respectively (p < 0.05).

    CONCLUSION: This study provided insights into the types of medicines commonly used in children and parental attitudes towards medicines used in children in Malaysia.

  17. Abdul Hafidz MI, Zainudin LD
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 02;71(1):26-7.
    PMID: 27130740
    Breaking bad news is a process of delivering news, which may negatively affect a patient's view of the future, however is an essential skill for doctors. There are a multitude of benefits if doctors can execute this task well, and will improve the disease journey for the patient. There are several published models including the SPIKES and ABCDE models to help guide the doctor to break bad news effectively. This important skill can be taught through various methods but the most effective may be actually observing a session by senior clinicians.
  18. Abdul Hafidz MI, Zulkifli KK, Win TT, Mat Zin AA, Mustaffa N
    Med J Malaysia, 2021 05;76(3):318-325.
    PMID: 34031329
    INTRODUCTION: Microscopic colitis (MC) is a well-recognised cause of chronic diarrhoea in Western countries. It is classically associated with normal endoscopic findings and a higher prevalence among patients with autoimmune disease. Local information regarding this disease remains scarce. We identified patients diagnosed with MC over a five-year period, and then proceeded to analyse the clinical characteristics of these cases.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by identifying all histologically confirmed colitis cases diagnosed at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from January 2015 until December 2019. Clinicodemographic data was retrieved from case notes of patients.

    RESULTS: Of the 299 cases with histological colitis, 23 (7.7%) were initially identified as MC. Two cases had incomplete data, while two others were excluded as the diagnoses were revised to inflammatory bowel disease. An incidence of 14 MC cases/1000 case-year was obtained using the 21 MC cases seen within the five-year period. MC subtypes for the 19 analysed cases i.e., lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis accounted for 13 (68.4%) and 6 (31.6%) cases, respectively. Eleven patients (57.9%) were females (M:F ratio 1:1.5) with a median age of 51 years. Only nine (47.3%) presented with diarrhoea; one subject (5.4%) had an autoimmune condition (Hashimoto thyroiditis). Normal endoscopic findings were found in 89.5% of patients.

    CONCLUSION: Approximately half of the subjects in our study who had histologically confirmed MC did not present with diarrhoea. Adequate biopsy samples despite normal colonoscopy findings are important in order to not miss the diagnosis of MC.

  19. Abdul Halim AR, Norhamdan Y, Ramliza R
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Jun;66(2):154-5.
    PMID: 22106702 MyJurnal
    We report a rare case of septic arthritis in a healthy child caused by Salmonella enteritidis. No predisposing factor was detected. Salmonella enteritidis was isolated from the infected joint tissue obtained following surgical drainage. Based on the culture and sensitivity report, he was treated with a 6-week course of antibiotic. He improved dramatically without any detrimental sequelae at end of one year.
  20. Abdul Hamid AK
    Med J Malaysia, 1986 Sep;41(3):264-8.
    PMID: 3670144
    Many operations have been described for the correction of claw hands following involvement in leprosy, from Sir Harold Stiles (1922) of Edinburgh, through Bunnell, Brand and many others in India and USA. Some of these procedures are classified "static" and attempt mainly to correct hyper-extension at the metacarpo-phalangeal joint, while the "dynamic" procedures employ a variety of tendon graft operations to restore the function of the paralysed lumbrical muscles. This study is an analysis of the four-tailed tendon graft operation of Paul Brand, carried out in the National Leprosy Con. trol Centre, Sungei Buloh, Selangor, during the period 1965·175, by a host of surgeons, mainly by Dr M.K. Bhojwani, MRCP, FRCSEd, the Director of the Centre at that time. The analysis carried out during November. December 1976, was made on 36 hands in 33 patients; it revealed an average improvement in the metacarpo. Phalangeal joint flexion of nearly 90% and in the proximal interphalangeal joint extension in nearly 80%, and an improvement in the grafted lumbrical voluntary motor tone of nearly 70%.
Related Terms
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links