Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 23796 in total

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  1. Mohamed Arifin N, Khoo CS, Leong D, Tee TY, Tan HJ
    Neurol Neurochir Pol, 2021;55(2):233-235.
    PMID: 33555605 DOI: 10.5603/PJNNS.a2021.0015
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  2. Khoon TN
    Med J Malaysia, 1974 Sep;29(1):40-3.
    PMID: 4282629
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  3. Sha'ari N, Woon LS, Sidi H, Das S, Bousman CA, Mohamed Saini S
    Phytomedicine, 2021 Dec;93:153760.
    PMID: 34638031 DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2021.153760
    BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) includes female orgasmic disorder, female sexual interest or arousal disorder, and genito-pelvic pain or penetration disorder. FSD affects 40% of women worldwide, but it is understudied and likely undertreated. Natural products are frequently used by women to treat FSD, but scientific evidence of their efficacy is lacking.

    OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis focused on the study of the efficacy of natural products on FSD.

    STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of existing studies on natural products in the treatment of FSD.

    METHODS: The literature search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial databases for studies published from January 2000 to February 2020. The quality and the level of evidence of the studies were assessed. The association between natural products and FSD was summarized using standardized mean differences (SMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI).

    RESULTS: A total of 536 studies were identified, with 20 of them meeting the criteria. According to this meta-analysis, Tribulus terrestris showed a significant positive effect in improving overall female sexual function (SMD = 1.12, 95% CI = 0.46 - 1.79, p = 0.001) and individual sexual arousal (SMD = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.22 - 1.84, p = 0.013), sexual desire (SMD = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.52 - 1.63, p ≤ 0.001) and sexual orgasm (SMD = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.02 - 1.00, p = 0.040) domains compared to placebo. Panax ginseng was found to be effective in treating sexual arousal (SMD = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.11 - 0.97, p = 0.014) and sexual desire (SMD = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.27 - 0.90, p < 0.001) compared to placebo. Meanwhile, other natural products reviewed in this study, such as Trifolium pretense, did not differ significantly from placebo in terms of improving FSD.

    CONCLUSION: Preliminary evidence suggests that Tribulus terrestris and Panax ginseng may be effective as alternative treatments for FSD in a clinical setting.

    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  4. Pandey M, Wen PX, Ning GM, Xing GJ, Wei LM, Kumar D, et al.
    Nanomedicine (Lond), 2022 Oct;17(24):1871-1889.
    PMID: 36695306 DOI: 10.2217/nnm-2022-0234
    Ductal carcinoma in situ describes the most commonly occurring, noninvasive malignant breast disease, which could be the leading factor in invasive breast cancer. Despite remarkable advancements in treatment options, poor specificity, low bioavailability and dose-induced toxicity of chemotherapy are the main constraint. A unique characteristic of nanocarriers may overcome these problems. Moreover, the intraductal route of administration serves as an alternative approach. The direct nanodrug delivery into mammary ducts results in the accumulation of anticancer agents at targeted tissue for a prolonged period with high permeability, significantly decreasing the tumor size and improving the survival rate. This review focuses mainly on the intraductal delivery of nanocarriers in treating ductal carcinoma in situ, together with potential clinical translational research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  5. Alias NA, Mustafa WA, Jamlos MA, Alkhayyat A, Rahman KSA, Q Malik R
    Oncol Res, 2021;29(5):365-376.
    PMID: 37305159 DOI: 10.32604/or.2022.025897
    Cervical cancer is a prevalent and deadly cancer that affects women all over the world. It affects about 0.5 million women anually and results in over 0.3 million fatalities. Diagnosis of this cancer was previously done manually, which could result in false positives or negatives. The researchers are still contemplating how to detect cervical cancer automatically and how to evaluate Pap smear images. Hence, this paper has reviewed several detection methods from the previous researches that has been done before. This paper reviews pre-processing, detection method framework for nucleus detection, and analysis performance of the method selected. There are four methods based on a reviewed technique from previous studies that have been running through the experimental procedure using Matlab, and the dataset used is established Herlev Dataset. The results show that the highest performance assessment metric values obtain from Method 1: Thresholding and Trace region boundaries in a binary image with the values of precision 1.0, sensitivity 98.77%, specificity 98.76%, accuracy 98.77% and PSNR 25.74% for a single type of cell. Meanwhile, the average values of precision were 0.99, sensitivity 90.71%, specificity 96.55%, accuracy 92.91% and PSNR 16.22%. The experimental results are then compared to the existing methods from previous studies. They show that the improvement method is able to detect the nucleus of the cell with higher performance assessment values. On the other hand, the majority of current approaches can be used with either a single or a large number of cervical cancer smear images. This study might persuade other researchers to recognize the value of some of the existing detection techniques and offer a strong approach for developing and implementing new solutions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  6. Yamasaki T, Hashimoto Y, Endo T, Hyodo F, Itioka T, Mohamed M, et al.
    Zootaxa, 2023 Sep 06;5343(1):55-73.
    PMID: 38221388 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.5343.1.3
    The genus Utivarachna Kishida, 1940 currently comprises 23 species, with eight described from Borneo. We examined the type materials of the Bornean species, except for U. fukasawana Kishida, 1940, as well as newly collected specimens. As a result, we describe a new species, Utivarachna itiokai sp. nov., which belongs to the dusun-group. We also provide the first description of the female of Utivarachna ichneumon and redescribe the known Utivarachna species of Borneo.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  7. Ang CS
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):215-7.
    PMID: 24326655
    Clomiphene is a widely prescribed drug for the treatment of infertility. Visual symptoms that occur as a side effect of this drug are uncommon. Some doctors may neglect to mention this side effect when prescribing clomiphene. Thus these visual disturbances can be very alarming to the patient and may also pose a hazard if the patient is doing activities such as driving or operating machinery. The patient should be told to stop taking clomiphene and ophthalmologic evaluation should be performed. Although visual disturbances generally cease on stopping clomiphene, some women may experience persistent visual disturbances.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infertility, Female*
  8. Peng LT, Fong TN
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Dec;30(2):121-6.
    PMID: 1228377
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Infertility, Female/diagnosis
  9. Boyd ME
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Dec;24(2):121-3.
    PMID: 4244136
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Genital Diseases, Female/etiology*
  10. Dawson A, Rashid A, Shuib R, Wickramage K, Budiharsana M, Hidayana IM, et al.
    Aust N Z J Public Health, 2020 Feb;44(1):8-10.
    PMID: 31825567 DOI: 10.1111/1753-6405.12956
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Circumcision, Female*
  11. Sonkusare S
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Aug;63(3):272-6; quiz 277.
    PMID: 19248711 MyJurnal
    Vomiting in pregnancy is a very common phenomenon, though not well understood. The extreme form, hyperemesis gravidarum can lead to severe complications. Articles published in the last decade in this field were searched and studied. Various aetiological factors were identified, the recent ones being the association of Helicobacter. pylori with hyperemesis, as well as the presence of cell free fetal DNA. The management of the condition involves symptomatic treatment along with antiemetic, pyridoxine and thiamine. Important role of alternative therapies like ginger and P6 acupoint stimulation in the treatment of hyperemesis has been identified.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  12. Nadesan K
    Ceylon Med J, 1999 Sep;44(3):109-13.
    PMID: 10675993
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  13. Yaacob HB, Mahfuz Ali MA, Hamid JA
    Med J Malaysia, 1983 Jun;38(2):118-20.
    PMID: 6621440
    Two cases of oral speckled leukoplakia with differing behaviour are presented. This precancerous lesion of unknown aetiology requires early diagnosis for proper management. Candida albicans are frequently found in these lesions. The significance of epithelial dysplasia in relation to treatment is discussed. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  14. Krishnan MMS
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Dec;39(4):320-2.
    PMID: 6544943
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  15. Arumugasamy N, Tarkington JA
    Med J Malaya, 1972 Dec;27(2):136-41.
    PMID: 4351105
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  16. Jansz R
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  17. Sim BNH, Hui LY, Krishnan D, Joseph JP
    Clin Med (Lond), 2019 03;19(2):133-134.
    PMID: 30872296 DOI: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-2-133
    Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic fungal infection commonly seen in HIV cases. We present a case of disseminated cryptococcosis with multiple non-continuous infective foci in a non-HIV, non-transplant case.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  18. Kadir F, Soe MZ, Hayati F, Fahmy EHAM, Aung T
    ANZ J Surg, 2021 10;91(10):2225.
    PMID: 34665502 DOI: 10.1111/ans.17061
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
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