We report for the first time from Malaysia a patient with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome complicated by successive intussusceptions requiring extensive small bowel resection. Our experience is compared with that of other authors by a review of the literature highlighting important points in the diagnosis and management of complications in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
A 50-year-old male had an acute jejunogastric intussusception complicating a Bilroth 11 gastrectomy done 20 years previously for peptic ulcer. Preoperatively, the diagnosis was suspected from the plain abdominal radiograph which was subsequently confirmed by barium meal. The patient had an uneventful recovery following resection of the intussuscepted segment and an end-to-end anastomosis. Although rare, the condition is serious and should be recognised promptly and treated surgically. The diagnosis should always be considered in a patient who has had a previous gastrojejunostomy presented with a sudden onset of epigastric pain, bloody vomitus and epigastric mass.
A 14 year old Malay boy with an adenocarcinoma of the transverse colon is reported. A lesion was discovered early when he presented with an uncommon complication in the form of a bowel intussusception. Emergency segmental colonic resection was performed, followed later by an extended left hemicolectomy following histological confirmation of the disease. Benign adenomatous polyp is believed to be the predisposing condition. Both ralities, colorectal cancer in young adults and adult intussusception, are discussed.
A neurologically impaired child who had fundoplication and gastrostomy done for gastroesophageal at the age of three, presented two years later with intestinal obstruction. She underwent laparotomy and was found to have antegrade jejuno-jejunal intussusception. Intussusception is an unusual but recognised complication of gastrostomy tube placement.
Adult intussusception is a rare entity that may present in the acute and subacute setting principally related to the degree of bowel obstruction. Preoperative diagnosis of this condition may be difficult. The intussusception is usually due to a definable intraluminal lesion, most probably neoplasia, unlike intussusception in children. We present the cases of two adult male patients with intussusception. The first presented with acute small-bowel obstruction secondary to a retrograde ileojejunal intussusception with a pseudopolyp as the lead point. This was possibly due to a retrograde ball-valve effect. The intussuscepting segment was resected. The second patient presented with unexplained chronic diarrhoea and an intussusception occurring within the caecum, as demonstrated at colonoscopy, with a terminal ileal pedunculated fibroid polyp as the lead point. A limited right hemicolectomy was performed. Both patients recovered uneventfully and have remained well. A brief literature review of adult intussusception complements the case reports, with an emphasis on the pathogenesis of inflammatory polyps and recommended surgical management.
Brunner's gland adenoma is a rare benign tumour of the duodenum. It is usually asymptomatic but may occasionally present with gastrointestinal haemorrhage and obstruction. We report a 40-year old lady, presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and was found to have prolapsed and intussuscepted Brunner's gland adenoma of the duodenum, which mimicked the appearance of a tumour in the head of pancreas.
Intussusception is common cause of bowel obstruction in the paediatric age group compared to the elderly population. Many times, the diagnosis may be difficult because of asymptomatic nature of this bowel disorder. We hereby describe the case of a 75-year-old male who presented with lethargy, weakness, loss of movement in the joints and was found to be anemic. The haemoglobin level was low so he was transfused with packed cells. On gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy, upper GI bleed was observed. A mass was observed beyond ampulla at the 2nd and 3rd part of the duodenal junction. Computerized tomography (CT) scan also showed a mass at the head of pancreas and the lesion at the left lung. In view of persistent bleed, 'Whipple's procedure' was performed. Histopathological examination showed small cell carcinoma of the lungs with metastasis to the pancreas and the jejunum. We here discuss the case of intussusception with intestinal metastasis which presented with gastrointestinal bleeding.
We report a middle age man who presented with intermittent vomiting and loss of weight. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed numerous antral hyperplastic polyps with inaccessible duodenum. Contrast enhanced computed topography demonstrated a classical target sign of intussusception. This finding was later confirmed at laparotomy. This rare presentation and management strategy is discussed.
Burkitt lymphoma is a rare entity especially in this part of the world. We had an 11-year-old patient presented with swelling of the mandible for a short one-month duration. He was planned for excision biopsy. However developed severe abdominal pain while in the hospital and was diagnosed as intussusception after ultrasound was done. We proceeded with right hemicolectomy and excision of buccal mass. Early recognition and close monitoring of insidious jaw lesions is recommended even in young adults not within the modal age category of endemic Burkitt.
Gastric leiomyoma of the antrum intussuscepted into first part of the duodenum is a rare complication. We report here an 80-year-old woman who presented at the Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia with early satiety and epigastric fullness for 3 months. She had no prior medical or surgical history other than an uneventful open cholecystectomy. Upper endoscopy showed a large submucosal mass in the first part of duodenum with pyloric converging gastric folds. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed a gastroduodenal intussusception with a 4x6cm mass at the junction between the first and second part of duodenum. Laparoscopic transgastric resection was performed. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed leiomyoma. She remained well at 43 months follow-up.