Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 33 in total

  1. SALE TA
    Med J Malaya, 1956 Jun;10(4):311-2.
    PMID: 13399532
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception*
  2. SALE TA
    Med J Malaya, 1956 Jun;10(4):305-10.
    PMID: 13399531
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception*
  3. Farah, N. A., Ismail, M. S.
    Medicine & Health, 2017;12(2):321-328.
    Intussusception is a common cause of gastrointestinal emergency in the paediatric population and it is usually diagnosed through Barium enema radiography or ultrasound. The skill of using an ultrasound by a minimally trained medical officer in diagnosing this cases in the Emergency Department are very helpful and expedite the management. We present the case of a 7-month-old girl who presented to Emergency Department (ED) with the chief complaint of passing blood in stool. Clinically she was dehydrated, irritable and in compensated shock. There was generalised tenderness per abdomen but it was soft and not distended. There was no palpable mass and bowel sound normal. Immmediate fluid resuscitated commenced. Bedside abdominal ultrasound performed by ED medical officer showed a 1.8 cm x 2.5 cm mass of alternating hypo-echoic and hyper-echoic rings at the right lower quadrant, consistent with the ‘target’ sign of intussusception. Supine plain abdominal X-ray did not reveal any abnormality. The ultrasound finding of intussusception was later confirmed by the radiologist. She underwent immediate hydrostatic reduction and was discharged well.
    Keywords: diagnosis, Emergency Department, intussusception, paediatric, ultrasound
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception*
  4. Hussain M, Thambidorai CR
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Jun;55(2):271-2.
    PMID: 19839160
    A neurologically impaired child who had fundoplication and gastrostomy done for gastroesophageal at the age of three, presented two years later with intestinal obstruction. She underwent laparotomy and was found to have antegrade jejuno-jejunal intussusception. Intussusception is an unusual but recognised complication of gastrostomy tube placement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/diagnosis; Intussusception/etiology; Intussusception/physiopathology*; Intussusception/therapy
  5. Giak CL, Singh HS, Nallusamy R, Leong TY, Ng TL, Bock HL
    PMID: 19058579
    This study aimed to document the baseline incidence and epidemiology of intussusception (IS) in Malaysia. This retrospective surveillance examined hospital discharge data from three hospitals in Malaysia to identify IS cases over a 3-year period (2000-2003) in children <5 years of age. Identification of definite cases of IS was done through a search of computerized hospital discharge records (ICD-9-CM code 560.0) followed by confirmation of diagnosis through medical record review. The definition of IS was based on the clinical guidelines from the IS Brighton Collaboration Working Group, version 2002. During the 3-year study period, there were 62 cases hospitalized due to IS, of which 74.2% were < 1 year of age. The incidences for hospitalization due to IS in children < 1 year old and < 5 years old averaged 17.8 and 4.8 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. No IS-associated deaths were recorded and all IS cases had a favorable outcome. No distinct seasonality with IS occurrence was observed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/diagnosis; Intussusception/epidemiology*; Intussusception/surgery
  6. Siow SL, Goo ZQ, Mahendran HA, Wong CM
    Surg Endosc, 2020 10;34(10):4429-4435.
    PMID: 31617099 DOI: 10.1007/s00464-019-07220-z
    BACKGROUND: Laparotomy has been the traditional approach for the treatment of adult intussusception. The aim of the present study was to compare the short-term clinical outcomes of laparoscopic surgery to those of open surgery in adult patients with intussusception.

    METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of all adult patients with intussusception admitted to our hospital between 2007 and 2017. The patients' characteristics, presentation, operation details, postoperative outcomes and pathology were analyzed. Comparisons were made between the laparoscopic and open surgery procedures performed during the study period.

    RESULTS: Seventeen open and 20 laparoscopic-assisted resections were performed. No significant differences were found between the two groups for the following parameters: age (45.3 ± 16.8 vs. 54.9 ± 19.1, p = 0.160); gender (41 vs. 60% males, p = 0.330); American Society of Anesthesiologists score (p = 0.609); history of cardiovascular disease (5.9% vs. 5.6%, p = 0.950), COPD/asthma (0% vs. 5.6%, p = 0.950), diabetes (11.8% vs. 11.1%, p = 0.950), and renal impairment (5.9% vs. 0%, p = 0.486); body mass index (20.6 vs. 21.9, p = 0.433); timing of presentation (p = 1.000); type of intussusception (p = 0.658); type of procedures (p = 0.446); operative time (173.7 ± 45.4 vs. 191.5 ± 43.9, p = 0.329); and length of postoperative stay (6.7 ± 5.4 vs. 4.5 ± 1.1 days, p = 0.153). However, the open surgery group had fewer patients with hypertension (17.6% vs. 61.1%, p = 0.009) and demonstrated a delayed oral intake (4.0 ± 1.7 days vs. 2.5 ± 0.7 days, p = 0.010) and a higher comprehensive complication index (11.5 ± 27.1 vs. 0, p = 0.038).

    CONCLUSIONS: The laparoscopic approach was associated with earlier oral intake and a lower comprehensive complication index. It is a safe and feasible technique that confers the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. It can be considered the preferred surgical option when the surgical expertise is available.

    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/pathology; Intussusception/surgery*
  7. Laidin AZ, Goon HK
    Med J Malaysia, 1982 Jun;37(2):150-6.
    PMID: 7132834
    The results of a 10-year study of intussusception seen in the General Hospital Kuala Lumpur is presented. Incidence among Indians was found to be the lowest in comparison to the other two major racial groups. In 63.5 percent of infants there was no pain. A large number of patients presented with diarrhoea (21.8 percent), constipation (31 percent) and abdominal distension. (43.7 percent). Overall mortality rate was high (14.4 percent). This could be attributed to late presentation (only 30.8 percent) of cases were seen within 24 hours of onset of symptoms) which also accounted for a higher resection rate. A high incidence of lead points (28.7 percent) was also seen. The usefulness of barium enema reduction in this country is discussed. Mainstay of management in the majority of cases is operation with adequate pre and postoperative care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/epidemiology*
  8. Siam FA, Siow SL
    Malays J Med Sci, 2008 Oct;15(4):68-70.
    PMID: 22589640
    Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) are tumours of gastrointestinal tract and mesentery. The commonest site of its occurrence is the stomach. Patients with GIST are usually asymptomatic but they can present as abdominal pain, bleeding and rarely gastric outlet obstruction. In this particular case, the patient presents with symptoms of anaemia, partial gastric outlet obstruction and intermittent epigastric pain. Laparotomy was performed and a diagnosis of gastroduodenal intussusception secondary to gastrointestinal stromal tumour was made.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception*
  9. Alhamar M, Ahsan B, Hogan K, Raoufi M
    Malays J Pathol, 2020 Dec;42(3):483-486.
    PMID: 33361733
    INTRODUCTION: The differential diagnosis of caecal mass is broad and the inclusion of appendiceal pathologies is an important element.

    CASE REPORT: We report a 37-year-old woman with recurrent right iliac fossa pain. Computed tomography scan revealed a caecal mass suggesting complete inversion or intussusception of the appendix, which was confirmed by pathologic microscopic examination. This case report discusses appendiceal intussusception with emphasis on diagnosis and treatment options.

    DISCUSSION: Appendiceal intussusception is a rare entity and the complete type typically presents as a polypoid lesion located at the appendiceal orifice in the caecum. It is imperative to include this entity in the differential diagnosis of caecal mass, especially during colonoscopy, as the removal of this polypoid lesion can result in a devastating caecal perforation or haemorrhage.

    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/pathology*
  10. Siow SL, Chea CH, Hashimah AR, Ting SC
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Aug;66(3):199-201.
    PMID: 22111440 MyJurnal
    Adult intussusception is rare. It represents only 5% of all intussusceptions and 1% of bowel obstruction. Clinical presentations are usually variable with a variety of acute, intermittent and chronic symptoms. It is associated with an underlying pathologic process in 90% of cases. A lack of Malaysia data prompted review of the Sarawak experience with this uncommon entity, focusing on the clinical features, diagnostic procedure and treatment. During the last 5 years, there were 14 cases of surgically proven adult intussusception. Mean age was 45.9 years. There were 9 enteric and 5 colonic intussusceptions. Ninety-three percent of the intussusceptions were associated with a pathologic lesion. Thirty-three percent of the enteric lesions were malignant and 67% were benign. Eighty percent of the colonic lesions were malignant and 20% were benign. Computed tomography scan has a good diagnostic accuracy of 83% and should be considered for all patients with nonspecific abdominal symptoms or suspected bowel obstruction. Treatment of choice for colonic intussusception in adults is en bloc resection without reduction whenever possible, whereas a more selective approach for enteric lesions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/diagnosis*; Intussusception/epidemiology; Intussusception/therapy*
  11. Kong SS, Taib NA, Mahadeva S
    BMJ Case Rep, 2009;2009.
    PMID: 21686715 DOI: 10.1136/bcr.08.2008.0628
    Intussusception due to small intestinal polyps in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome represents a significant clinical challenge. Neither pure surgical nor endoscopic approaches alone are effective in the long-term management of this problem. We describe a combined approach using both surgery and small bowel endoscopy in the management of this condition, which resulted in both immediate and long-term success. Although not new, we believe this approach remains relevant despite recent technological advancements in this area.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception
  12. Zulfiqar MA, Noryati M, Hamzaini AH, Thambidorai CR
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Jun;61(2):199-203.
    PMID: 16898311 MyJurnal
    The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of pneumatic reduction of intussusception using equipment readily available in the hospital. Twenty-two children aged between four months and four years had pneumatic reduction of intussusception. The device used was assembled using (i) a hand-held pump attached to a pressure gauge, and (ii) a 3-way Foley's balloon catheter. There was a 73% success rate and there were no complications. The device used was effective and safe for the pneumatic reduction of intussusception.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/radiography; Intussusception/therapy*; Intussusception/ultrasonography
  13. Jabar MF, Prasannan S, Gul YA
    Asian J Surg, 2005 Jan;28(1):58-61.
    PMID: 15691802
    Adult intussusception is a rare entity that may present in the acute and subacute setting principally related to the degree of bowel obstruction. Preoperative diagnosis of this condition may be difficult. The intussusception is usually due to a definable intraluminal lesion, most probably neoplasia, unlike intussusception in children. We present the cases of two adult male patients with intussusception. The first presented with acute small-bowel obstruction secondary to a retrograde ileojejunal intussusception with a pseudopolyp as the lead point. This was possibly due to a retrograde ball-valve effect. The intussuscepting segment was resected. The second patient presented with unexplained chronic diarrhoea and an intussusception occurring within the caecum, as demonstrated at colonoscopy, with a terminal ileal pedunculated fibroid polyp as the lead point. A limited right hemicolectomy was performed. Both patients recovered uneventfully and have remained well. A brief literature review of adult intussusception complements the case reports, with an emphasis on the pathogenesis of inflammatory polyps and recommended surgical management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology*
  14. Wan Najmi WD, Noorfizura A, Wan Anna MA
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 02;71(1):35-6.
    PMID: 27130744
    We report a middle age man who presented with intermittent vomiting and loss of weight. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed numerous antral hyperplastic polyps with inaccessible duodenum. Contrast enhanced computed topography demonstrated a classical target sign of intussusception. This finding was later confirmed at laparotomy. This rare presentation and management strategy is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology*
  15. Yik YI, How AK
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 04;71(2):74-6.
    PMID: 27326947 MyJurnal
    We present a rare case of stomach trichobezoar complicated with iatrogenic intussusception noted intra-operatively after failed attempt of endoscopic removal in a 13-year-old girl. At presentation, she had gastric outlet obstruction with anaemia. Endoscopy established the diagnosis of trichobezoar. Surgical removal was warranted after failed endoscopic removal. Her postoperative course was uneventful. Detailed history and careful examination disclosed trichotillomania and associated trichophagia. Psychiatric referral was sought with the intention to prevent future recurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception*
  16. Goon Hong Kooi
    Med J Malaysia, 1986 Jun;41(2):166-9.
    PMID: 3821614
    Barium enema hydrostatic reduction was carried out for eight patients with Intussusception over a six-month period. There were five successes (62%) and three failures. There were no mortality or complications arising out of this procedure. The technique is discussed. This procedure offers many advantages over surgical reduction. However, it is not a substitute for surgery which is still indicated in the sick infants and in those where hydrostatic reduction failed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/therapy*
  17. Sakijan AS, Ahmad I
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Jun;42(2):134-6.
    PMID: 3503189
    A 50-year-old male had an acute jejunogastric intussusception complicating a Bilroth 11 gastrectomy done 20 years previously for peptic ulcer. Preoperatively, the diagnosis was suspected from the plain abdominal radiograph which was subsequently confirmed by barium meal. The patient had an uneventful recovery following resection of the intussuscepted segment and an end-to-end anastomosis. Although rare, the condition is serious and should be recognised promptly and treated surgically. The diagnosis should always be considered in a patient who has had a previous gastrojejunostomy presented with a sudden onset of epigastric pain, bloody vomitus and epigastric mass.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology*
  18. Retinasekharan S, Sinnathamby P, Mohamad I
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 02;74(1):90-91.
    PMID: 30846671
    Burkitt lymphoma is a rare entity especially in this part of the world. We had an 11-year-old patient presented with swelling of the mandible for a short one-month duration. He was planned for excision biopsy. However developed severe abdominal pain while in the hospital and was diagnosed as intussusception after ultrasound was done. We proceeded with right hemicolectomy and excision of buccal mass. Early recognition and close monitoring of insidious jaw lesions is recommended even in young adults not within the modal age category of endemic Burkitt.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology*; Intussusception/pathology
  19. Siow SL, Wong CM, Febra S, Goh RET
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 09;75(5):609-611.
    PMID: 32918440
    Gastric leiomyoma of the antrum intussuscepted into first part of the duodenum is a rare complication. We report here an 80-year-old woman who presented at the Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia with early satiety and epigastric fullness for 3 months. She had no prior medical or surgical history other than an uneventful open cholecystectomy. Upper endoscopy showed a large submucosal mass in the first part of duodenum with pyloric converging gastric folds. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed a gastroduodenal intussusception with a 4x6cm mass at the junction between the first and second part of duodenum. Laparoscopic transgastric resection was performed. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed leiomyoma. She remained well at 43 months follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology*; Intussusception/surgery*
  20. Joishy SK, Leela MP, Balasegaram M
    Am J Surg, 1979 Nov;138(5):716-20.
    PMID: 495861
    We report for the first time from Malaysia a patient with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome complicated by successive intussusceptions requiring extensive small bowel resection. Our experience is compared with that of other authors by a review of the literature highlighting important points in the diagnosis and management of complications in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intussusception/etiology; Intussusception/surgery*
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