Displaying all 7 publications

  1. Alhassan FH, Rashid U, Taufiq-Yap YH
    J Oleo Sci, 2015;64(1):91-9.
    PMID: 25492234 DOI: 10.5650/jos.ess14161
    The solid acid Ferric-manganese doped tungstated/molybdena nananoparticle catalyst was prepared via impregnation reaction followed by calcination at 600°C for 3 h. The characterization was done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), temperature programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunner-Emmett-Teller surface area measurement (BET). Moreover, dependence of biodiesel yield on the reaction variables such as the reaction temperature, catalyst loading, as well as molar ratio of methanol/oil and reusability were also appraised. The catalyst was reused six times without any loss in activity with maximum yield of 92.3% ±1.12 achieved in the optimized conditions of reaction temperature of 200°C; stirring speed of 600 rpm, 1:25 molar ratio of oil to alcohol, 6 % w/w catalyst loading as well as 8 h as time of the reaction. The fuel properties of WCOME's were evaluated, including the density, kinematic viscosity, pour point, cloud point and flash point whereas all properties were compared with the limits in the ASTM D6751 standard.
  2. Alhassan FH, Rashid U, Taufiq-Yap YH
    J Oleo Sci, 2015;64(5):505-14.
    PMID: 25843280 DOI: 10.5650/jos.ess14228
    The utilization of ferric-manganese promoted molybdenum oxide/zirconia (Fe-Mn- MoO3/ZrO2) (FMMZ) solid acid catalyst for production of biodiesel was demonstrated. FMMZ is produced through impregnation reaction followed by calcination at 600°C for 3 h. The characterization of FMMZ had been done using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), temperature programmed desorption of NH3 (TPD-NH3), transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and Brunner-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement. The effect of waste cooking oil methyl esters (WCOME's) yield on the reactions variables such as reaction temperature, catalyst loading, molar ratio of methanol/oil and reusability were also assessed. The catalyst was used to convert the waste cooking oil into corresponding methyl esters (95.6%±0.15) within 5 h at 200℃ reaction temperature, 600 rpm stirring speed, 1:25 molar ratio of oil to alcohol and 4% w/w catalyst loading. The reported catalyst was successfully recycled in six connective experiments without loss in activity. Moreover, the fuel properties of WCOME's were also reported using ASTM D 6751 methods.
  3. Mftah A, Alhassan FH, Al-Qubaisi MS, El Zowalaty ME, Webster TJ, Sh-Eldin M, et al.
    Int J Nanomedicine, 2015;10:765-74.
    PMID: 25632233 DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S66058
    Nanoparticle sulphated zirconia with Brønsted acidic sites were prepared here by an impregnation reaction followed by calcination at 600°C for 3 hours. The characterization was completed using X-ray diffraction, thermal gravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunner-Emmett-Teller surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Moreover, the anticancer and antimicrobial effects were investigated for the first time. This study showed for the first time that the exposure of cancer cells to sulphated zirconia nanoparticles (3.9-1,000 μg/mL for 24 hours) resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth, as determined by (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays. Similar promising results were observed for reducing bacteria functions. In this manner, this study demonstrated that sulphated zirconia nanoparticles with Brønsted acidic sites should be further studied for a wide range of anticancer and antibacterial applications.
  4. Al-Qubaisi MS, Rasedee A, Flaifel MH, Eid EEM, Hussein-Al-Ali S, Alhassan FH, et al.
    Eur J Pharm Sci, 2019 May 15;133:167-182.
    PMID: 30902654 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejps.2019.03.015
    Thymoquinone is an effective phytochemical compound in the treatment of various diseases. However, its practical administration has been limited due to poor aqueous solubility and bioavailability. In this work, we developed a novel inclusion complex of thymoquinone and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin that features improved solubility and bioactivity. The drug solubility was markedly accelerated in the increasing ratio of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin to thymoquinone amount. The formation of the thymoquinone/hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex was evidenced using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. The release behavior of the complex, as well as of their mixtures, was examined in artificial gastric (pH 1.2) and intestinal (pH 6.8) dissolution media. The formulated complex released the drug rapidly at the initial stage, followed by a slow release. Thermodynamic parameters ΔH, ΔS and ΔG were calculated with temperatures ranging from 20 to 45 °C to evaluate the complexation process. The activity of the inclusion complex was evaluated on IgE-mediated allergic response in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells by monitoring key allergic mediators. The results revealed that compared with free thymoquinone, the inclusion complex more strongly inhibited the release of histamine, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-4, and was not cytotoxic at the tested thymoquinone concentrations (0.125-4 μg/mL) indicating the inclusion complex possibly had better antiallergic effects. Our finding suggested that the inclusion complex achieved prolonged action and reduced side-effect of thymoquinone.
  5. Al-Fahdawi MQ, Rasedee A, Al-Qubaisi MS, Alhassan FH, Rosli R, El Zowalaty ME, et al.
    Int J Nanomedicine, 2015;10:5739-50.
    PMID: 26425082 DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S82586
    Iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles with both Lewis and Brønsted acidic sites were prepared by a hydrothermal impregnation method followed by calcination at 650°C for 5 hours, and their cytotoxicity properties against cancer cell lines were determined. The characterization was carried out using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brauner-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurements, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, zeta size potential, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The cytotoxicity of iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles was determined using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays against three human cancer cell lines (breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells, colon carcinoma HT29 cells, and hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells) and two normal human cell lines (normal hepatocyte Chang cells and normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells [HUVECs]). The results suggest for the first time that iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles are cytotoxic to MDA-MB231 and HepG2 cancer cells but have less toxicity to HT29 and normal cells at concentrations from 7.8 μg/mL to 500 μg/mL. The morphology of the treated cells was also studied, and the results supported those from the cytotoxicity study in that the nanoparticle-treated HepG2 and MDA-MB231 cells had more dramatic changes in cell morphology than the HT29 cells. In this manner, this study provides the first evidence that iron-manganese-doped sulfated zirconia nanoparticles should be further studied for a wide range of cancer applications without detrimental effects on healthy cell functions.
  6. Al-Qubaisi MS, Rasedee A, Flaifel MH, Ahmad SH, Hussein-Al-Ali S, Hussein MZ, et al.
    Int J Nanomedicine, 2013;8:4115-29.
    PMID: 24204141 DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S50061
    The long-term objective of the present study was to determine the ability of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles to kill cancer cells. NiZn ferrite nanoparticle suspensions were found to have an average hydrodynamic diameter, polydispersity index, and zeta potential of 254.2 ± 29.8 nm, 0.524 ± 0.013, and -60 ± 14 mV, respectively. We showed that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles had selective toxicity towards MCF-7, HepG2, and HT29 cells, with a lesser effect on normal MCF 10A cells. The quantity of Bcl-2, Bax, p53, and cytochrome C in the cell lines mentioned above was determined by colorimetric methods in order to clarify the mechanism of action of NiZn ferrite nanoparticles in the killing of cancer cells. Our results indicate that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles promote apoptosis in cancer cells via caspase-3 and caspase-9, downregulation of Bcl-2, and upregulation of Bax and p53, with cytochrome C translocation. There was a concomitant collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential in these cancer cells when treated with NiZn ferrite nanoparticles. This study shows that NiZn ferrite nanoparticles induce glutathione depletion in cancer cells, which results in increased production of reactive oxygen species and eventually, death of cancer cells.
  7. Al-Qubaisi MS, Al-Abboodi AS, Alhassan FH, Hussein-Al-Ali S, Flaifel MH, Eid EEM, et al.
    Saudi Pharm J, 2022 Apr;30(4):347-358.
    PMID: 35527823 DOI: 10.1016/j.jsps.2022.02.002
    In this study, we formulated Thymoquinone-loaded nanocomposites (TQ-NCs) using high-pressure homogenizer without sodium tripolyphosphate. The TQ-NCs were characterized and their anti-inflammatory determined by the response of the LPS-stimulated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in the production of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β. The physicochemical properties of TQ-NC were determined using different machines. TQ was fully incorporated in the highly thermal stable nanoparticles. The nanoparticles showed rapid release of TQ in the acidic medium of the gastric juice. In medium of pH 6.8, TQ-NC exhibited sustained release of TQ over a period of 100 h. The results suggest that TQ-NC nanoparticles have potential application as parenterally administered therapeutic compound. TQ-NC effectively reduce production of inflammatory cytokines by the LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, indicating that they have anti-inflammatory properties. In conclusion, TQ-NC nanoparticles have the characteristics of efficient carrier for TQ and an effective anti-inflammatory therapeutic compound.
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