Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 23 in total

  1. Dublin N
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):673-7.
    PMID: 15190652
    Prostate cancer is not common in south-east asia and in particular there are only scarce reports on the characteristics of Malaysian men with prostate cancer. A retrospective study where all prostate specimens sent to the pathology department during the period 1st January 1996 to 30th June 1998 were reviewed. A total of 131 prostate specimens were reviewed and these consisted of prostatectomy specimens, transurethral resection specimens and trucut biopsy specimens. Only 114 patients' case notes were evaluated. Data reviewed were age, race, presenting symptoms, clinical findings and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. Overall incidence of carcinoma of the prostate was 19.0%. The incidence of carcinoma of the prostate with serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of 4.1 to 20.0 ng/ml was only 10% and 60.5% of patients had evidence of subclinical histological prostatitis. The mean age of men with carcinoma of the prostate was 71.3 years and there was no differences in the incidence of carcinoma of the prostate among the 3 major ethnic groups (Malays, Chinese and Indian). About three-quarter of the patients with carcinoma of the prostate presented with lower urinary tract symptoms, a third had haematuria and about a tenth of patients presented with urinary retention. The majority of patients presented with metastatic disease (66.7%) with a mean PSA of 1476.8 ng/ml. A significant proportion of men with prostatic diseases attending the University of Malaya Medical Center had prostate cancer (19.0%). A small proportion of men with serum PSA in the range of 4.1 to 20.0 ng/ml had prostate cancer and this is thought to be due to the background histological prostatitis. The majority of patients presented late.
  2. Sia, S.F., Dublin, N.
    JUMMEC, 2006;9(2):22-23.
    Anomalies of the genitourinary tract occur in approximately 10% of the population and account for about one third of all congenital malformations in children (1). Congenital malformations involving the genitourinary system are major therapeutic challenges faced by the practising urologist.
  3. Ng, K.L., Sathiyananthan, J.R., Dublin, N., Razack, A.H., Lee, G.
    JUMMEC, 2011;14(1):21-22.
    Prostate cancer is not uncommon amongst the elderly men. Diagnosis is made using histopathology specimens of Transrectal Ultrasound guided biopsy of the prostate gland. However, prostate cancer presenting as a intra-prostatic cysts are rare. We report a case of elderly gentleman who presented with malignant intra-prostatic cysts.
  4. Sia, S.F., Dublin, N., Nurul, B., Wong, K.T.
    JUMMEC, 2006;9(2):18-21.
    We report a case of an 86 year old Chinese man who presented with a painless right testicular swelling that had persisted for one year. There was no history of maldescend or cryptorchid testes. Clinical and ultrasound examination revealed testicular tumour with two round masses within the right scrotal sac, with minimal fluid seen within the sac. Tumour markers were normal. He subsequently underwent a right inguinal orchidectomy under local anaesthesia as he had an underlying cardiac insufficiency. Histopathological examination revealed malignant Sertoli cell tumour. True Sertoli cell mesenchyme tumours constitute less than 1% of all testicular cancers.Current literature on histopathological and clinical features and treatment options are reviewed.
  5. Shanggar, K., Ng, C.H., Razack, A.H., Dublin, N.
    JUMMEC, 2010;13(1):59-62.
    Malignant tumours of the scrotum are very rare. Several type of occupations have been identified as high risk for the development of SCC of scrotum e.g paraffin and shale oil workers (1), textile workers (2) etc. We report a rare case of SCC of scrotum. Search of our records in the Urology and Pathology departments of our Centre showed that this is the only case of SCC of the scrotum in the last 10 years.
  6. Koh, P.S., Muhilan, P., Dublin, N., Razack, A.H.
    JUMMEC, 2009;12(1):39-43.
    Renal angiomyolipoma, once considered a rare benign renal tumour, is relatively common these days. They account for 0.3-3.0% of all renal masses. Histologically, it is composed of adipose tissue, smooth muscles and blood vessels. Here, we wish to highlight five cases of renal angiomyolipomas which were presented to the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, over a two-year period between June 2005 and June 2007. This study wish to illustrate its varied clinical presentation and the management undertaken for each underlying condition. These cases were presented in the form of spontaneous perirenal haemorrhage, a large asymptomatic renal mass, a small asymptomatic renal mass, a symptomatic renal angiomyolipoma and a case of renal angiomyolipoma mimicking a renal tumour. Each of these cases varied in its clinical presentation; thus, management has become very challenging to clinicians ranging from conservative management to active intervention, be it operatively or non-operatively.
  7. Htun, T.H., Dublin, N., Parameswaran, M., Razack, A.H., Chua, C.B.
    JUMMEC, 2008;11(1):27-29.
    Priapism is a urological emergency. The treatment for ischaemic priapism is usually cavernosal aspiration with or without cavernosal irrigation. Some patients may need surgical intervention -the various shunt procedures. We report a 21-year-old man with priapism secondary to chronic myeloid leukemia who needed a combined medical and surgical management. He underwent a spongiocavernosal shunt as well as cytoreductive chemotherapy to achieve complete detumescence. Therefore, cytoreductive chemotherapy is an adjunct in difficult cult to treat priapism associated with chronic myeloid leukemia.
  8. Dublin N, Razack AH
    ANZ J Surg, 2003 Apr;73(4):254-5.
    PMID: 12662241
  9. Parameswaran, M, Sivaprakasam, S., Dublin, N., Razack, A.H., Thun, T.H., Chua, C.B., et al.
    JUMMEC, 2009;12(2):74-82.
    The aim of this study was to validate the translation of the Overactive Bladder (OAB) Screener (OAB V8) to the Malay language. It was to assess the reliability of the screener in the context of a Malaysian population. The original screener consists of eight symptoms indicative of OAB that has been proven to be highly sensitive and reliable. Translation was done with a modification of the Brislin Method using back translation and a panel of experts as a final review panel. The pilot study had two groups; a symptomatic (n=19 patients) and an asymptomatic group (n=18 patients). All patients performed the test twice at two week intervals once at the clinic and subsequently at home. Test-retest method was used for reliability and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency. The translated questionnaire demonstrated good internal consistency in both groups of patients for all eight items individually and for the total score. Cronbach's alphas ranged from 0.972 to 0.981 for the symptomatic group and from 0.750 to 0.976 for the asymptomatic group. Testretest correlation for all items was highly significant. Intraclass orrelation (ICC) was high for both the asymptomatic (ICC ranging from 0.600 to 0.953) and the symptomatic group (ranging from 0.944 to 0.989).The Malay OAB V8 showed itself to be suitable for use, reliable in distinguishing symptomatic and asymptomatic patients and a valid instrument.
  10. Shanggar, K., Muhilan, P., Dublin, N., Lee, George E.G., Azad Hassan, A.R.
    JUMMEC, 2007;10(2):57-59.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the genitourinary tract is rare and predominantly affects paediatric patients. We present an unusual case of such a lesion in an adult with extensive occupation of the bladder cavity by the lesion, resulting in bilateral ureteric obstruction, without evidence of ureteric outlet invasion. We outline the unusual CT and macroscopic appearance of this lesion. We also discuss the literature data and management strategies of rhabdomyosarcoma of the genitourinary tract.
  11. Koh KB, Dublin N, Light T
    Aust N Z J Surg, 1995 Sep;65(9):645-6.
    PMID: 7575294
    A retrospective review of 80 patients who underwent scrotal exploration for presumed testicular torsion is presented. Of these, 67 patients were found to have torsion, and the testicular loss rate was 51%. Patients who experienced delays in scrotal exploration of more than 24 h from onset of symptoms had a testicular loss rate of 71%. These delays arose from both hesitation in seeking medical treatment and misdiagnoses. It is emphasized that an acute scrotum in a child or in an adolescent should be explored early to exclude torsion.
  12. Ng KL, Mahadevan DT, Htun TH, Razack AH, Dublin N
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Aug;66(3):268-9.
    PMID: 22111458
  13. Kuppusamy S, Faizal N, Quek KF, Razack AH, Dublin N
    World J Urol, 2010 Dec;28(6):673-6.
    PMID: 20623289 DOI: 10.1007/s00345-010-0578-7
    It is still uncertain as to which form of anaesthesia is the optimum. We conducted a study to identify the best location and optimum volume of anaesthetic agent in order to achieve best pain relief and cooperation from our patients. We also assessed the need for local anaesthetic gel for probe lubrication and if the number of cores during biopsy makes a difference in the pain score.
  14. Robson NZ, Razack AH, Dublin N
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2010 Jul;22(3):271-8.
    PMID: 20460294 DOI: 10.1177/1010539509357446
    Recent advances in the fields of organ donation and organ transplant have introduced new hope for the treatment of serious diseases. However, this promise has been accompanied by several issues. The most common issue raised is ethical implications, but in a multicultural society like Malaysia, additional concerns arise pertaining to social and religious issues. These concerns needs to be addressed as attitudes toward and acceptability of organ donation varies according to social, culture, and religion. The diverse cultural, religious, and traditional concepts pertaining to organ donation may hamper its acceptability and cause a lack of willingness to donate organs. The purpose of this article is to briefly explore the ethical issues involved in organ transplant and the various religious opinions on organ donation. It is hoped that this knowledge and understanding may benefit both health care providers and patients in a multicultural society like Malaysia.
  15. Shanggar K, Zulkifli MZ, Razack AH, Dublin N
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Mar;65(1):21-2.
    PMID: 21265242 MyJurnal
    Granulomatous Prostatitis (GnP) is a heterogenous entity classified into specific infections, non-specific infections, post surgical i.e. post-transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) and rare secondary (systemic) causes. A total of 1388 reports of prostatic biopsy and prostatic chips from TURP were reviewed from 1995 and 2007. The results which showed granulomatous prostatitis were analyzed and retrospective data collected from the patient's records. A total of 9 cases with granulomatous prostatitis were identified. There are 3 types of entities which are the non-specific (NSGnP), post-TURP and the specific type. The incidence of GnP in our center is lower than reported by Stillwell et al. The majority of the patients were Malays.
  16. Quek KF, Loh CS, Low WY, Razack AH, Dublin N
    J Sex Marital Ther, 2003 Mar-Apr;29(2):173-6.
    PMID: 12623769
  17. Ng KL, Nawawi O, Lim BK, Htun TH, Dublin N, Razack AH
    Asian J Surg, 2017 Apr;40(2):171-174.
    PMID: 24210538 DOI: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2013.09.012
    Ureteric strictures are common and can be due to benign or malignant causes. Various surgical treatments can be used from minimally invasive endoscopic retrograde JJ stent insertion, balloon dilatation, ureterolithotomy, to open surgical exploration and repair. Memokath 051 stent is a metallic stent designed for long-term ureteral stenting in the management of ureteral strictures. The insertion of this device is usually a straightforward procedure performed endoscopically in a retrograde fashion via cystoscopy. However, this procedure can be difficult in complicated scenarios when the bladder has been removed with neoureteral reimplantations or high-grade strictures. Here, we report a case of Memokath stent insertion complicated by placement difficulties in a lady with ileal conduit due to previous ovarian cancer complicated by vesicovaginal fistula, who presented with malignant stricture of the ureteroileal anastomosis. We describe a simple yet effective antegrade technique to precisely reposition the malpositioned Memokath stent, along with illustrations.
  18. Ng KL, Htun TH, Dublin N, Ong TA, Razack AH
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012;13(6):2515-8.
    PMID: 22938414
    AIM: To study the causes and significance of both microscopic and macroscopic haematuria in adult patients and assess possible relevance to early detection of urological cancers.

    METHODS: 417 patients presenting with haematuria were assessed in our Urology Unit. Following confirmation of haematuria, these patients were subjected to imaging techniques and flexible cystoscopy. Parameters analysed included clinical characteristics, imaging results, flexible cystoscopy findings, time delay to diagnoses and eventual treatment and final diagnoses of all cases.

    RESULTS: 390 haematuria cases were analysed from 417 consecutive patients with haematuria. After 27 cases were excluded as they had previous history, 245 microscopic and 145 macroscopic. Age range was 17 to 95 years old with predominance of 152 females to 239 males. The racial distribution included 180 Chinese, 100 Indians,95 Malays and 15 other races. The final diagnoses were benign prostatic hyperplasia (22.6%), no cause found (22.3%), other causes (18.7%), urolithiasis (11.5%), urinary tract infection UTI (10.8%), non specific cystitis (10.3%), bladder tumours (2.8%) and other genitourinary tumours (1%). 11 new cases (2.8%) of bladder cancers were diagnosed, with a mean age of 59 years. Only 3 of 245 (1.2%) patients with microscopic haematuria had newly diagnosed bladder tumour compared with 8 of 145 (5.5%) patients with frank haematuria (p=0.016). Mean time taken from onset of symptoms to diagnosis of bladder cancer was 53.3 days with definitive treatment (TURBT) in 20.1 days from diagnosis.

    CONCLUSION: - This study has highlighted the common causes of haematuria in our local setting. We recommend that full and appropriate investigations be carried out on patients with frank haematuria especially those above 50 years old in order to provide earlier detection and prompt management of bladder diseases especially tumours.

  19. Hong YH, Dublin N, Razack AH, Mohd MA, Husain R
    Urology, 2012 Sep;80(3):529-34.
    PMID: 22578827 DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.02.053
    To investigate the urinary metabolic excretion pattern among local stone formers given the great differences in the intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors as well as the urinary metabolic excretions compared with other populations.
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