Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 80 in total

  1. Ketuly KA, Hadi AH
    Molecules, 2010 Apr;15(4):2347-56.
    PMID: 20428047 DOI: 10.3390/molecules15042347
    Benzeneboronate of catecholic carboxyl methyl esters, N-acetyldopamine, coumarin and catechol estrogens were prepared as crystalline derivatives in high yield. Related catechol compounds with extra polar functional group(s) (OH, NH2) do not form or only partially form unstable cyclic boronate derivatives.
  2. Mustafa MR, Hadi AH
    Toxicon, 1990;28(10):1237-9.
    PMID: 2264070
    Crude glycoside extracts from the plant, Sarcolobus globosus, were tested on the rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm, chick biventer cervicis and frog rectus abdominis preparations. Nerve-stimulated twitches were inhibited by the extract. The muscle paralysis was not similar to that by curare-like blockers as it was not reversed by neostigmine or by a tetanus. Although contractures to acetylcholine or carbachol were not affected by 0.6 mg/ml of the extract, higher concentration of the extracts (3 mg/ml) depressed the log dose-response curve of acetylcholine and carbachol. The results suggest that the neuromuscular blocking effect of the extracts is either dose-dependent or due to a mixture of toxins with presynaptic or postsynaptic actions.
  3. Mollataghi A, Hadi AH, Cheah SC
    Molecules, 2012 Apr 05;17(4):4197-208.
    PMID: 22481540 DOI: 10.3390/molecules17044197
    A new dienamide, (2E,4E)-7-(3',4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-ethyl-6-(R)-hydroxyhepta- 2,4-dienamide, named (-)-kunstleramide (1), were isolated from the bark of Beilschmiedia kunstleri Gamble together with one neolignan: (+)-kunstlerone (2) and seven known alkaloids: (+)-nornuciferine (3), (-)-isocaryachine (4), (+)-cassythicine (5), (+)-laurotetanine (6), (+)-boldine (7), noratherosperminine (8), (+)-N-demethylphyllocaryptine (9). Their structures were established from spectroscopic techniques, most notably 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR, OR, circular dichroism (CD) spectra and LCMS-IT-TOF. (-)-Kunstleramide (1) exhibited very poor dose-dependent inhibition of DPPH activity, with an IC₅₀ value of 179.5 ± 4.4 μg/mL, but showed a moderate cytotoxic effect on MTT assays of A375, A549, HT-29, PC-3 and WRL-68 with EC₅₀ values of 64.65, 44.74, 55.94, 73.87 and 70.95 µg/mL, respectively.
  4. Salama SM, Abdulla MA, Alrashdi AS, Hadi AH
    PMID: 23997791 DOI: 10.1155/2013/157456
    Background. Researchers focused on developing traditional therapies as pharmacological medicines to treat liver cirrhosis. Objectives. Evaluating the hepatoprotective activity of Boesenbergia rotunda (BR) rhizome ethanolic extract on thioacetamide-induced liver cirrhosis in rats. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with 200 mg/kg TAA 3 times/week and daily oral administration of 250 mg/kg, 500 mg/kg of BR extract, and 50 mg/kg of the reference drug Silymarin for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, Masson's trichrome staining was used to measure the degree of liver fibrosis. Hepatic antioxidant enzymes (CAT and GPx), nitrotyrosine, cytochrome (P450 2E1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2 and MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1), and urinary 8-hydroxyguanosine were measured. Serum levels of transforming growth factor TGF- β 1, nuclear transcription factor NF- κ B, proinflammatory cytokine IL-6, and caspase-3 were evaluated. Serum protein expression and immunohistochemistry of proapoptotic Bax and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins were measured and confirmed by immunohistochemistry of Bax, Bcl-2, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Results. BR treatment improved liver histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and biochemistry, triggered apoptosis, and inhibited cytokines, extracellular matrix proteins, and hepatocytes proliferation. Conclusion. Liver cirrhosis progression can be inhibited by the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of BR ethanolic extract while preserving the normal liver status.
  5. Fadaeinasab M, Hadi AH, Kia Y, Basiri A, Murugaiyah V
    Molecules, 2013 Mar 25;18(4):3779-88.
    PMID: 23529036 DOI: 10.3390/molecules18043779
    Plants of the Apocynaceae family have been traditionally used in the treatment of age-related brain disorders. Rauvolfia reflexa, a member of the family, has been used as an antidote for poisons and to treat malaria. The dichloromethane, ethanol and methanol extracts from the leaves of Rauvolfia reflexa showed potential acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities, with IC50 values in the 8.49 to 52.23 g/mL range. Further cholinesterase inhibitory-guided isolation of these extracts afforded four bioactive compounds, namely: (E)-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)acrylic acid (1), (E)-methyl 3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl) acrylate (2), 17-methoxycarbonyl-14-heptadecaenyl-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamate (3) and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-oxo-β-carboline (4). The isolated compounds showed moderate cholinesterase inhibitory activity compared to the reference standard, physostigmine. Compounds 1 and 2 showed the highest inhibitory activity against AChE (IC50 = 60.17 µM) and BChE (IC50 = 61.72 µM), respectively. Despite having similar molecular weight, compounds 1 and 2 were structurally different according to their chemical substitution patterns, leading to their different enzyme inhibition selectivity. Compound 2 was more selective against BChE, whereas compound 1 was a selective inhibitor of AChE. Molecular docking revealed that both compounds 1 and 2 were inserted, but not deeply into the active site of the cholinesterase enzymes.
  6. Awang K, Abdullah NH, Hadi AH, Fong YS
    J. Biomed. Biotechnol., 2012;2012:876458.
    PMID: 22536026 DOI: 10.1155/2012/876458
    The dichloromethane (DCM) extract of Andrographis paniculata Nees was tested for cardiovascular activity. The extract significantly reduced coronary perfusion pressure by up to 24.5 ± 3.0 mm Hg at a 3 mg dose and also reduced heart rate by up to 49.5 ± 11.4 beats/minute at this dose. Five labdane diterpenes, 14-deoxy-12-hydroxyandrographolide (1), 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (2), 14-deoxyandrographolide (3), andrographolide (4), and neoandrographolide (5), were isolated from the aerial parts of this medicinal plant. Bioassay-guided studies using animal model showed that compounds, (2) and (3) were responsible for the coronary vasodilatation. This study also showed that andrographolide (4), the major labdane diterpene in this plant, has minimal effects on the heart.
  7. Ketuly KA, Hadi AH, Ng SW, Tiekink ER
    Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online, 2011 May 1;67(Pt 5):o1160-1.
    PMID: 21754468 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536811013651
    Three independent mol-ecules of the title estrone derivative and a mol-ecule of methanol comprise the asymmetric unit of the title compound [systematic name: 13-methyl-6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,16-deca-hydro-cyclo-penta-[a]phenanthren-3-ol-meth-an-ol (3/1)], 3C(18)H(24)O·CH(3)OH. Two of the estrone mol-ecules exhibit 50:50 disorder (one displays whole-mol-ecule disorder and the other partial disorder in the fused five- and six-membered rings) so that five (partial) mol-ecular conformations are discernable. The conformation of the six-membered ring abutting the aromatic ring is close to a half-chair in all five components. The conformation of the six-membered ring fused to the five-membered ring is based on a chair with varying degrees of distortion ranging from minor to significant. Two distinct conformations are found for the five-membered ring: in four mol-ecules, the five-membered ring is twisted about the bond linking it to the six-membered ring, and in the other, the five-membered ring is an envelope with the quaternary C atom being the flap atom. The crystal packing features O-H⋯O hydrogen bonding whereby the four mol-ecules comprising the asymmetric unit are linked into a supra-molecular chain along the b axis.
  8. Ketuly KA, Hadi AH, Ng SW, Tiekink ER
    Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online, 2011 Apr 1;67(Pt 4):o773-4.
    PMID: 21754066 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536811007306
    Two independent mol-ecules comprise the asymmetric unit of the title cholestane derivative, C(29)H(49)NO(3) {systematic name: (3S,8S,9S,10R,13R,14S,17R)-17-[(1R)-1,5-dimethyl-hex-yl]-6-hy-droxy-imino-10,13-dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-tetra-deca-hydro-1H-cyclo-penta-[a]phenanthren-3-yl ace-tate}. The major differences between the mol-ecules relate to the relative orientations of the terminal acetyl [C-C-O-C torsion angles = -158.8 (3) and -81.7 (3)°] and alkyl groups [C-C-C-C = 168.9 (3) and 65.8 (4)°]. In the crystal, the independent mol-ecules associate via pairs of O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming dimeric aggregates. Supra-molecular layers in the ab plane are mediated by C-H⋯O inter-actions.
  9. Ketuly KA, Hadi AH, Ng SW, Tiekink ER
    PMID: 21588624 DOI: 10.1107/S160053681003117X
    In the title cholestane derivative, C(28)H(48) [systematic name: (1S,2S,7R,10R,11R,14R,15R)-2,5,10,15-tetra-methyl-14-[(2R)-6-methyl-heptan-2-yl]tetra-cyclo-[,7).0(11,15)]hepta-dec-4-ene], the cyclo-hexene ring adopts a half-chair conformation. The parent 5α-cholest-2-ene and the equivalent fragment of the title compound are almost superimposable (r.m.s. deviation = 0.033 Å).
  10. Ketuly KA, Hadi AH, Khaledi H, Tiekink ER
    PMID: 21579426 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536810016661
    The asymmetric unit of the title compound {systematic name: (3S,8S,9S,10R,13R,14S,17R)-17-[(E,2R,5S)-5-ethyl-6-methyl-hept-3-en-2-yl]-10,13-dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,14,15,16,17-dodeca-hydro-1H-cyclo-penta-[a]phenanthren-3-yl p-toluene-sulfonate}, C(36)H(54)O(3)S, comprises two independent mol-ecules that differ significantly in terms of the relative orientations of the peripheral groups; the conformation about the C=C bond of the side chain is E. In the crystal, mol-ecules associate into linear supra-molecular chains aligned along the a axis via C-H⋯O inter-actions.
  11. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583846 DOI: 10.1107/S160053680901188X
    In the title anhydro-scymnol tetra-acetate, C(35)H(54)O(9), the fused chair conformation of the cyclo-hexane A/B ring junction is cis with a 5β-H configuration. The compound has a trimethyl-ene oxide ring at position 24,26 and four acetate groups at the 3α,7α,12α,27 positions.
  12. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583935 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809014597
    In the title steroid derivative, C(23)H(37)IO, the fused cyclo-propane unit that comprises part of the A ring has a β-configuration, and the associated cyclo-pentane ring has an envelope conformation.
  13. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583934 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809014585
    In the title compound (5S,8R,9R,10R,13S,14S,17R,20R)-24-bromo-5β-cholane, C(24)H(41)Br, the fused-chair conformation of the cyclo-hexane A/B ring junction is cis with a 5β-H configuration.
  14. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21582787 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809020674
    In the title steroid derivative, C(25)H(40)O(3), the fused cyclo-propane unit that corresponds to a part of the A ring has a β-configuration and the associated cyclo-pentane ring an envelope-shaped conformation.
  15. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583524 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809025987
    In the crystal structure of 2-bromo-beclometasone dipropionate [systematic name: (8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16S,17R)-2-bromo-9α-chloro-11-hydr-oxy-10,13,16-trimethyl-3-oxo-17-[2-(propion-yloxy)acet-yl]-6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodeca-hydro-3H-cyclo-penta-[a]phenanthren-17-yl propionate], C(28)H(36)BrClO(7), the six-membered ring with the 1,4-diene-3-one composition is planar (r.m.s. deviations = 0.03 and 0.04 Å for the two independent mol-ecules), whereas the remaining six-membered rings have chair conformations. Each of the independent mol-ecules self-associates via O-H⋯O(propionate) hydrogen bonding, generating a supra-molecular chain running along the b axis. The crystal is twinned, with the monoclinic unit cell emulating an orthorhomic crystal system; the major twin component constitutes approximately 60%.
  16. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583523 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809025975
    In the crystal structure of (8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16S,17R)-9α-bromo-11-hydr-oxy-10,13,16-trimethyl-3-oxo-17-[2-(propion-yloxy)acet-yl]-6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodeca-hydro-3H-cyclo-penta-[a]phenanthren-17-yl propionate monohydrate, C(28)H(37)BrO(7)·H(2)O, which has a 9α-Br atom in place of the 9α-Cl atom of monohydrated beclometasone dipropionate, one six-membered ring is planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.02 Å) owing to its 1,4-diene-3-one composition, whereas the two other six-membered rings each have a chair conformation. The organic mol-ecule and water mol-ecules engage in hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, generating a helical chain running along the c axis of the ortho-rhom-bic unit cell.
  17. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21577621 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809028293
    The title compound, C(28)H(34)Cl(2)O(7), is a derivative of the glucocorticoid steroid beclomethasone dipropionate. It features an expoxide linkage [angle at oxygen = 96.6 (2)°]. The dichlorocyclohexenone ring adopts an envelope conformation, with the C atom bearing the two Cl substituents representing the flap. The dichloro-methyl C atom deviates by 0.471 (4) Å from the plane defined by the other five atoms, whose maximum r.m.s. deviation is 0.04 Å.
  18. Ketuly KA, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21583067 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536809014603
    In the title compound, C(18)H(21)IO, the cyclo-hexane ring adopts a chair conformation, whereas the cyclo-pentane ring and the ten-membered tetra-line portions each adopt an envelope conformation. For the five-membered ring, the methine C atom deviates by 0.638 (4) Å (r.m.s. of the four other atoms is 0.005 Å) and for the ten-membered ring, the methine C atom constituting the flap deviates by 0.671 (3) Å (r.m.s. of the other nine atoms is 0.066 Å).
  19. Chan G, Awang K, A Hadi AH, Ng SW
    PMID: 21202956 DOI: 10.1107/S1600536808018151
    The title compound, C(30)H(34)O(5), crystallizes with two symmetry-independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit. In the crystal structure, the two independent mol-ecules are disposed about a pseudo-center of inversion. An intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond is observed in each independent mol-ecule. The crystal structure is stabilized by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.
  20. Mukhtar MR, Hadi AH, Litaudon M, Awang K
    Fitoterapia, 2004 Dec;75(7-8):792-4.
    PMID: 15567268
    Five morphinoid alkaloids have been isolated from Dehaasia longipedicellata, namely (-) pallidine, a new alkaloid (+) pallidinine (1), (+)-milonine, (-) 8,14-dehydrosalutaridine and (-) sinoacutine.
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