METHODS: Sixteen patients who were diagnosed with POR scheduled to undergo their second cycle of Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)/embryo transfer cycle were enrolled. All enrolled patients had earlier undergone their first ICSI/embryo transfer cycle at least four months prior to this study. All subjects were given DHEA supplementation of 25mg three times daily for at least three months prior to their second ICSI/embryo transfer cycle. Statistical analysis of various ovarian response and ICSI outcomes parameter were compared pre and post DHEA.
RESULTS: Sixteen women with the mean age of 35 years were enrolled in the study. The comparative analysis of results showed a significant increase in the number of good quality of embryos obtained (p<0.05). After the treatment with DHEA, there was an improvement in the number of oocytes retrieved, Metaphase II (MII) oocyte (mature) oocytes obtained, fertilised and transferrable embryos and the pregnancy rate. There was no significant effect of DHEA treatment on the number of days of stimulation and cumulative dose of gonadotrophins used.
CONCLUSION: Our results is able to show that DHEA supplementation may help to enhance IVF-ICSI outcomes in women with POR especially in those age 35 years and below.