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  1. Mohd Arif Atarhim, Nurul Asyiqin Ibrahim, Chong Zhi Yin, Santhna Letchmi Panduragan, Hamidah Hassan
    Introduction: Early integration in palliative care for patients with advanced cancer has been correlated with an improvement quality of life, relieved depression while having survival benefits. Negative perceptions towards pal- liative care or misconception about the idea of palliative care were reported as one of the causes for late referral by physicians. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and perception of palliative care among can- cer patients in a tertiary hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with populations of 139 cancer patients was conducted using convenience sampling. Quantitative data were collected by a structured questionnaire. A total of 92 responses were obtained. Results: Most of the participants were female (66.3%), Malay (71.7%) and attended secondary school (56.5%). The mean age of participants was 56.13 (±12.61) years while the mean income was RM 1944.20 (±2472.70). Majority of the participants had breast cancer (37.0%), followed by colorectal cancer (32.6%). Many of them were in stage IV (42.4%), followed by stage III (25.0%).Most of the cancer patients had a high level of knowledge and positive perception towards palliative care. They agreed that psychological, social and spiritual issues are a part of palliative care which helped to manage pain and other symptoms. Besides, responses portrayed positive perceptions of palliative care through the aspect of emotional reactions, cognitive reactions and palliative care needs. Conclusions: The current study has demonstrated that cancer patients in the tertiary hospital had better knowledge and perceptions in palliative care. High knowledge level and positive perception towards palliative care might increase the acceptance and palliative care practiced.
  2. Norfazilah Ahmad, Santhna Letchmi Panduragan, Yee,San Khor, Kalaiarasan Gemini, Nur Atikah Bahrin, Nur Husnina Azhar, et al.
    Borneo Epidemiology Journal, 2020;1(1):35-45.
    Strategising, which is an effective workplace intervention to curb cardiovascular disease (CVD), requires understanding of the CVD risk related to a specific working population. The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) is widely used in predicting the ten-year CVD risk of various working populations. This study aimed to use FRS to determine the ten-year CVD risk amongst workers in a tertiary healthcare setting and its associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted on workers who participated in the special health check programme at the staff clinic of a tertiary healthcare institution in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A set of data sheets was used to retrieve the workers’ sociodemographic and CVD risk information. The prevalence of high, moderate and low ten-year CVD risk was 12.8%, 20.0% and 67.2%, respectively. Workers in the high-risk group were older [mean age: 54.81 (standard deviation, 5.72) years], male (44%), smokers (72.7%) and having hyperglycaemia (46.7%) and hypertriglyceridemia [median triglycerides: 1.75 (interquartile range, 1.45) mmol/L]. Diastolic blood pressure (aOR 1.07, 95% CI: 1.01,1.14), hyperglycaemia (aOR 8.80, 95% CI: 1.92,40.36) and hypertriglyceridemia (aOR 4.45, 95% CI: 1.78,11.09) were significantly associated with high ten-year CVD risk. Diastolic blood pressure (aOR 1.08, 95% CI: 1.03,1.13) and hypertriglyceridemia (aOR 2.51, 95% CI: 1.12-5.61) were significantly associated with moderate ten-year CVD risk. The prevalence of high and moderate ten-year CVD risk was relatively high. Amongst the workers in the high-risk group, they were older, male, smokers and with high fasting blood sugar and triglyceride. Understanding the ten-year CVD risk and its associated factors could be used to plan periodic workplace health assessment and monitor to prevent CVD
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