Displaying all 4 publications

  1. Sheikh Ab Hamid S, Abd Rahman MN
    Cell Tissue Bank, 2010 Nov;11(4):401-5.
    PMID: 20582480 DOI: 10.1007/s10561-010-9188-2
    In Malaysia, tissue banking activities began in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Tissue Bank in early 1990s. Since then a few other bone banks have been set up in other government hospitals and institutions. However, these banks are not governed by the national authority. In addition there is no requirement set by the national regulatory authority on coding and traceability for donated human tissues for transplantation. Hence, USM Tissue Bank has taken the initiatives to adopt a system that enables the traceability of tissues between the donor, the processed tissue and the recipient based on other international standards for tissue banks. The traceability trail has been effective and the bank is certified compliance to the international standard ISO 9001:2008.
  2. Zahari NK, Sheikh Ab Hamid S, Yusof N
    Cell Tissue Bank, 2015 Mar;16(1):55-63.
    PMID: 24647964 DOI: 10.1007/s10561-014-9438-9
    Preserved human amniotic membrane either air dried or glycerol preserved has been used effectively to treat superficial and partial thickness wounds without leaving any obvious hypertrophic scar. The preserved amnion, sterilised by ionising radiation, is known as an effective barrier for heat, fluid and protein loss while adheres nicely on wound. Air drying slightly reduced the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of the amnion and the value significantly dropped after 15 kGy (p < 0.05). Glycerol preservation significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the OTR indicating less oxygen transmitted through the well structured cells of the amnion. Increase in the OTR with the increasing radiation doses up to 35 kGy possibly due to direct effects of radiation that resulted in large intercellular gaps. Both preservation methods significantly increased (p < 0.05) the water vapour transmission rate (WVTR). However, the low WVTR in the air dried amnion at 15 and 25 kGy was postulated due to cross-linking of collagen. Changes in the biophysical properties can be linked to direct and indirect effects of radiation on collagen bundles. The radiation dose of 25 kGy caused no adverse effect on biophysical properties hence it is still acceptable to sterilize both the air dried and the glycerol preserved amnions.
  3. Makker K, Lamba AK, Faraz F, Tandon S, Sheikh Ab Hamid S, Aggarwal K, et al.
    Cell Tissue Bank, 2019 Jun;20(2):243-253.
    PMID: 30903410 DOI: 10.1007/s10561-019-09763-w
    During bone allograft processing, despite stringent donor screening and use of aseptic techniques, microbial invasion may occur due to the porous nature of the graft and cause potentially fatal infections. The aim of the present study was to prepare bone allograft with and without gentamicin and to compare bioburden and sterility in the obtained grafts to evaluate the role of antibiotic in enhancing graft safety. Fifty samples of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft were prepared from suitable donors according to international standards. Randomly selected 25 samples were placed in 8 mg gentamicin/gram bone solution for 1 h. Packaging and sealing was done to ensure no microbial ingress during transportation. 40 samples were selected for bioburden testing. Remaining 10 were subjected to 25 kGy gamma radiation and tested for sterility. Microbiological evaluation revealed no evidence of colony forming units in all the samples of both the groups (Bioburden = 0). Post-radiation sterility testing also revealed no bacterial colony in the tested samples from both the groups. Favorable results validate the processing protocol while comparable results in both groups indicate no additive benefit of gentamicin addition. Nil bioburden may be used in further studies to determine a lower radiation dose to achieve adequate sterility and minimize the disadvantages of radiation like collagen cross-linking and decreased osteoinductive capacity.
  4. Al Qabbani A, Al Kawas S, A Razak NH, Al Bayatti SW, Enezei HH, Samsudin AR, et al.
    J Craniofac Surg, 2018 Mar;29(2):e203-e209.
    PMID: 29303859 DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000004263
    INTRODUCTION: Alveolar bone is critical in supporting natural teeth, dental implants as well as a removable and fixed prosthesis. Alveolar bone volume diminishes when its associated natural tooth is lost.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of bovine bone granules on alveolar bone socket augmentation for ridge preservation following atraumatic tooth extraction.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty medically fit patients (12 males and 8 females aged between 18 and 40 years) who needed noncomplicated tooth extraction of 1 mandibular premolar tooth were divided randomly and equally into 2 groups. In control group I, the empty extraction socket was left untreated and allowed to heal in a conventional way. In group II, the empty extraction socket wound was filled with lyophilized bovine bone xenograft granules 0.25 to 1 mm of size, 1 mL/vial. A resorbable pericardium membrane was placed to cover the defect. Clinical and 3-dimensional radiological assessments were performed at day 0, 3 months, and 9 months postoperative.

    RESULTS: There were no clinical differences in general wound healing between the groups. Comparisons within the groups showed a significant difference of bone resorption of 1.49 mm (95% confidence interval, 0.63-2.35) at 3 months, and further resorption of 1.84 mm (P ≤ 0.05) at 9 months in the control group. No significant changes of bone resorption were observed in group II during the same time interval. Comparison between groups showed a significant difference of bone resorption at 3 and 9 months (2.40 and 2.88 mm, respectively).

    CONCLUSION: The use of lyophilized demineralized bovine bone granules in socket preservation to fill in the extraction socket seems essential in preserving the alveolar bone dimension as it showed excellent soft and hard tissue healing. This study concludes that the alveolar bone socket exhibited a dynamic process of resorption from the first day of tooth extraction. Evidence shows the possibility of using bovine bone granules routinely in socket volume preservation techniques following tooth extraction.

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