Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 53 in total

  1. Joanne S, Vythilingam I, Yugavathy N, Doss JI
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Jul;4(7):557-60.
    PMID: 25183276 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0020
    To develop an artificial and modified Wolbachia removal technique using tetracycline from naturally Wolbachia infected Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus) so as to be able to produce generations of Wolbachia free offsprings.
  2. Hashim RB, Azizan NA, Zamli Z, Zulkipli FH, Mazlan N, Althunibat OY
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Aug;4(8):614-7.
    PMID: 25183330 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.201414B154
    To determine lethal median dose (LD50) and histopathological toxicity of water extract of Holothuria atra (H. atra) in mice.
  3. Roslen NA, Alewi NA, Ahamada H, Rasad MS
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Jul;4(7):545-8.
    PMID: 25183274 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C658
    To screen the cytotoxic activity of Melastoma malabathricum (M. malabathricum) against human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) in vitro.
  4. Haniffa MA, Sheela PA, Kavitha K, Jais AM
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S8-S15.
    PMID: 25183152 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1015
    Murrel namely Channa striatus or haruan contains all essential elements to maintain good health and to recover the lost energy after prolonged illness. The fatty acid composition (% of total fatty acid) indicated the abundant presence of C16:0 fatty acid as 30% and the other major fatty acids were C22:6 (15%), C20:4 (19%), C18:1 (12%) and C18:0 (15%). Haruan contains arachidonic acid (C20:4) as 19.0%, a precursor for prostaglandin and thromboxane biosyntheses. Both fatty and amino acids are important components for wound healing processes. Both the fillet and mucus extracts of haruan were found to exhibit a concentration dependent antinociceptive activity. In vitro antioxidant activity was higher in Channa roe protein hydrolysate than in Labeo roe protein hydrolysate in both DPPH radical scavenging and ferric reducing power. Protein content of roe concentrates (RPC) was found to be 90.2% (Channa) and 82.5% (Lates). Water absorption, oil absorption, foam capacity, stability and emulsifying capacity were found to be higher in Channa RPC than in Lates RPC. Characterization of protein hydrolysates from muscle and myofibrillar samples of haruan showed different kinetic and proteolytic activities. The skin extract of haruan influences the serotonergic receptor system thus they can function as an anti-depressant. Thus, haruan is the best example for food as medicine.
  5. Emamipoor Y, Maziah M
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Aug;4(8):642-9.
    PMID: 25183334 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0042
    To develop a protocol for breaking of seed dormancy and increasing the seed germination rate of Bunium persicum.
  6. Santiago C, Sun L, Munro MH, Santhanam J
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Aug;4(8):627-32.
    PMID: 25183332 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014APJTB-2014-0030
    To study bioactivity and compounds produced by an endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum mollissimum.
  7. Wong YH, Tan WY, Tan CP, Long K, Nyam KL
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S510-5.
    PMID: 25183141 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1090
    To examine the cytotoxic properties of both the kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) seed extract and kenaf seed oil on human cervical cancer, human breast cancer, human colon cancer and human lung cancer cell lines.
  8. Wong MH, Lim LF, Ahmad FB, Assim ZB
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(5):386-92.
    PMID: 25182724 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1129
    To investigate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two plant species, Litsea elliptica (L. elliptica) and Litsea resinosa (L. resinosa).
  9. Kumar A
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S189-97.
    PMID: 25183079 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014D153
    To address the association of dietary vitamins, anthropometric profile, lipid profile, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in hypertensive participant compared with normotensive healthy controls.
  10. Huat LB, Garcia AO, Ning TZ, Kin WW, Noordin R, Azham SS, et al.
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Jun;4(6):446-50.
    PMID: 25182945 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1169
    To characterize the Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) antigen(s) recognized by moribound amoebic liver abscess hamsters.
  11. Vikram P, Chiruvella KK, Ripain IH, Arifullah M
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 Jun;4(6):430-5.
    PMID: 25182942 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1255
    Medicinal plants and herbal preparations are gaining renowned interest in scientific communities nowadays due to their reliable pharmacological actions and affordability to common people which makes them effective in control of various diseases. Polygonum minus (Polygonaceae) locally known as kesum is an aromatic plant commonly used in Malay delicacies. The plant is having potential applications due to its high volatile oil constituents in perfumes and powerful antioxidant activity. It has been used traditionally to treat various ailments including dandruff. The research has been carried out by various researchers using different in vitro and in vivo models for biological evaluations to support these claims. This review paper may help upcoming research activities on Polygonum minus by giving up to date information on the phytochemical constituents and medicinal properties of kesum to a possible extent with relevant data.
  12. Azmi N, Hashim P, Hashim DM, Halimoon N, Majid NM
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S348-52.
    PMID: 25183109 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1166
    To examine whether earthworms of Eisenia fetida, Lumbricus rubellus and Eudrilus eugeniae extracts have elastase, tyrosinase and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) inhibitory activity.
  13. Bhagavathula AS, Berhanie A, Tigistu H, Abraham Y, Getachew Y, Khan TM, et al.
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2014 May;4(Suppl 1):S204-8.
    PMID: 25183081 DOI: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1172
    To determine the prevalence, clinical significance and the associated risk factors of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) at internal medicine ward of University of Gondar (UOG) hospital.
  14. Ping KY, Darah I, Chen Y, Sasidharan S
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Sep;3(9):692-6.
    PMID: 23998008 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60140-9
    To evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity activity of Euphorbia hirta (E. hirta) in MCF-7 cell line model using comet assay.
  15. Kumar VS, Navaratnam V
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Jul;3(7):505-14.
    PMID: 23835719 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60105-7
    The divine tree neem (Azadirachta indica) is mainly cultivated in the Indian subcontinent. Neem has been used extensively by humankind to treat various ailments before the availability of written records which recorded the beginning of history. The world health organization estimates that 80% of the population living in the developing countries relies exclusively on traditional medicine for their primary health care. More than half of the world's population still relies entirely on plants for medicines, and plants supply the active ingredients of most traditional medical products. The review shows the neem has been used by humankind to treat various ailments from prehistory to contemporary.
  16. Kamiabi F, Jaal Z, Keng CL
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Oct;3(10):767-75.
    PMID: 24075340 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60153-7
    To evaluate the growth inhibition activity of the crude extract of Cyperus aromaticus (C. aromaticus) cultured cells against the 3rd instar larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Aedes albopictus Skuse (Ae. albopictus) under laboratory conditions, and determine the sublethal effects (EI50) of the crude extract of C. aromaticus cultured cells on some biological and morphological parameters of both Aedes mosquito species during two generations as well.
  17. Koriem KM
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Oct;3(10):834-40.
    PMID: 24075352 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60165-3
    Oleum azadirachti consists of the oil obtained from dried seeds of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (family: Meliaceae). Local names of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. are Abodua, aforo-oyinbo, anwe egyane, arista, azad dirakht, azadarakht, azedarach and bead tree. Indigenous to India, and widely distributed in South and South-East Asia and cultivated in Africa, the South Pacific Islands, South and Central America and Australia, and in southern Florida and California, United States of America, it is a straight-boled deciduous tree, which is 6-25 m high. Bark is dark-brown, externally fissured with a buff inner surface and fibrous fracture. Leaves alternately arranged, pinnately compound and up to 40 cm long, and composed of 8-18 short-petiolate narrow-ovate, pointed and curved toothed leaflets, 3-10 cm long and 1-4 cm wide arranged in alternate pairs. The major constituents are oxidized tetranortriterpenes including azadirachtin (azadirachtin A), azadiriadione, epoxyazadiradione, azadirone, nimbidin, nimbin, deacetylnimbin, salannin, gedunin, mahmoodin, 17-hydroxydiradione and related derivatives. It is of various medicinal uses, such as a contraceptive for intravaginal use, a mosquito repellent, and treatment of vaginal infections, treatment of gastric ulcers, cardiovascular disease, malaria, rheumatism and skin disorders, external applications for treatment of septic wounds, ulcers and boils, treatment of allergic skin reactions, asthma, bruises, colic, conjunctivitis, dysmenorrhoea, fever, gout, headache, itching due to varicella, kidney stones, leukorrhoea, psoriasis, scabies, sprains and muscular pain, and wounds. It is also used as an emmenagogue, tonic, stomatic and vermicide. In conclusion, the plant oil had antifertility, antihyperglycaemic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, antiulcer, estrogenic, immune, contraceptive, antibacterial, insect repellent, and skin treatment effects.
  18. Arifullah M, Namsa ND, Mandal M, Chiruvella KK, Vikrama P, Gopal GR
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Aug;3(8):604-10; discussion 609-10.
    PMID: 23905016 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60123-9
    To evaluate the anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant activity of andrographolide (AND) and echiodinin (ECH) of Andrographis paniculata.
  19. Kumar A, Sathian B
    Asian Pac J Trop Biomed, 2013 Jun;3(6):487-91.
    PMID: 23730563 DOI: 10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60101-X
    To study the usefulness of traditional lipid profile levels in screening subjects who had developed chest pain due to cardiac event as indicated by a positive troponin I test.
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