Displaying all 3 publications

  1. Fong CY, Hlaing CS, Tay CG, Abdul Kadir KA, Goh KJ, Ong LC
    Eur. J. Paediatr. Neurol., 2016 May;20(3):449-53.
    PMID: 26900103 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2016.01.012
    Longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis associated with dengue infection is rare with no reported paediatric cases.
  2. Fong CY, Hashim N, Gan CS, Chow TK, Tay CG
    Eur. J. Paediatr. Neurol., 2016 Nov;20(6):957-961.
    PMID: 27524391 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2016.07.023
    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening acute drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) predominantly aromatic AEDs are commonly reported in DRESS. To date there are no reports of sulthiame AED causing DRESS syndrome.
  3. Fong CY, Kong AN, Noordin M, Poh BK, Ong LC, Ng CC
    Eur. J. Paediatr. Neurol., 2018 Jan;22(1):155-163.
    PMID: 29122496 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2017.10.007
    INTRODUCTION: Children with epilepsy on long-term antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are at risk of low bone mineral density (BMD). The aims of our study were to evaluate the prevalence and determinants of low BMD among Malaysian children with epilepsy.

    METHOD: Cross-sectional study of ambulant children with epilepsy on long-term AEDs for >1 year seen in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia from 2014 to 2015. Detailed assessment of anthropometric measurements; environmental lifestyle risk factors; serum vitamin D, calcium and parathyroid hormone levels; genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms of genes in vitamin D and calcium metabolism; and lumbar spine BMD were obtained. Low BMD was defined as BMD Z-score ≤ -2.0 SD.

    RESULTS: Eighty-seven children with mean age of 11.9 years (56 males) participated in the study. The prevalence of low lumbar BMD was 21.8% (19 patients). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified polytherapy >2 AEDs (OR: 7.86; 95% CI 1.03-59.96), small frame size with wrist breadth of <15th centile (OR 14.73; 95% CI 2.21-98.40), and body mass index Z-score 2 AEDs, underweight or with small frame size as they are at higher risk of having low BMD.

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