Displaying all 7 publications

  1. Von ST, Seng HL, Lee HB, Ng SW, Kitamura Y, Chikira M, et al.
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2012 Jan;17(1):57-69.
    PMID: 21833656 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-011-0829-0
    By inhibiting only two or three of 12 restriction enzymes, the series of [M(phen)(edda)] complexes [M(II) is Cu, Co, Zn; phen is 1,10-phenanthroline; edda is N,N'-ethylenediaminediacetate] exhibit DNA binding specificity. The Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes could differentiate the palindromic sequences 5'-CATATG-3' and 5'-GTATAC-3', whereas the Co(II) analogue could not. This and other differences in their biological properties may arise from distinct differences in their octahedral structures. The complexes could inhibit topoisomerase I, stabilize or destabilize G-quadruplex, and lower the mitochondrial membrane potential of MCF7 breast cells. The pronounced stabilization of G-quadruplex by the Zn(II) complex may account for the additional ability of only the Zn(II) complex to induce cell cycle arrest in S phase. On the basis of the known action of anticancer compounds against the above-mentioned individual targets, we suggest the mode of action of the present complexes could involve multiple targets. Cytotoxicity studies with MCF10A and cisplatin-resistant MCF7 suggest that these complexes exhibit selectivity towards breast cancer cells over normal ones.
  2. Schönrath I, Tsvetkov VB, Zatsepin TS, Aralov AV, Müller J
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2019 08;24(5):693-702.
    PMID: 31263954 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-019-01682-1
    1,3-Diaza-2-oxophenoxazine (X) has been introduced as a ligand in silver(I)-mediated base pairing in a parallel DNA duplex. This fluorescent cytosine analog is capable of forming stabilizing X-Ag(I)-X and X-Ag(I)-C base pairs in DNA duplexes, as confirmed by temperature-dependent UV spectroscopy and luminescence spectroscopy. DFT calculations of the silver(I)-mediated base pairs suggest the presence of a synergistic hydrogen bond. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of entire DNA duplexes nicely underline the geometrical flexibility of these base pairs, with the synergistic hydrogen bond facing either the major or the minor groove. Upon silver(I) binding to the X:X or X:C base pairs, the luminescence emission maximum experiences a red shift from 448 to 460 nm upon excitation at 370 nm. Importantly, the luminescence of the 1,3-diaza-2-oxophenoxazine ligand is not quenched significantly upon binding a silver(I) ion. In fact, the luminescence intensity even increases upon formation of a X-Ag(I)-C base pair, which is expected to be beneficial for the development of biosensors. As a consequence, the silver(I)-mediated phenoxazinone base pairs represent the first strongly fluorescent metal-mediated base pairs.
  3. Ooi KK, Yeo CI, Ang KP, Akim AM, Cheah YK, Halim SN, et al.
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2015 Jul;20(5):855-73.
    PMID: 26003312 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-015-1271-5
    The phosphanegold(I) carbonimidothioates, Ph3PAu{SC(OR)=NC6H4Me-4} for R = Me (1), Et (2) and iPr (3), feature linear P-Au-S coordination geometries and exhibit potent in vitro cytotoxicity against HT-29 colon cancer cells in both monolayer and multi-cellular spheroid models (e.g., IC50 = 11.9 ± 0.4 and 20.3 ± 0.3 μM for 2, respectively). Both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis are demonstrated by human apoptosis PCR array analysis, caspase activities, DNA fragmentation and cell apoptotic assays. Compounds 1-3 induce an extrinsic pathway that leads to down-regulation of NFκB. Compound 2 also exhibits an extrinsic apoptotic pathway involving the activation of both p53 and p73, whereas 3 activates p53 only. Lys48- and Lys63-linked polyubiquitination are also promoted by 1-3. Each of cytotoxic Ph3PAu{SC(OR)=NC6H4Me-4}, for R = Me (1), Et (2) and iPr (3), induce an intrinsic apoptotic pathway as well as an extrinsic pathway leading to down-regulation of NFκB. Lys48- and Lys63-linked polyubiquitination are promoted by 1-3 and these are able to inhibit cell invasion and to suppress the activity of TrxR.
  4. Chin LF, Kong SM, Seng HL, Tiong YL, Neo KE, Maah MJ, et al.
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2012 Oct;17(7):1093-105.
    PMID: 22825726 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-012-0923-y
    Two ternary Zn(II) complexes, with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) as the main ligand and a carboxylate-containing ligand [dipicolinate (dipico) or L-threoninate (L-Thr)] as the subsidiary ligand, were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform IR, UV, and fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, molar conductivity, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. X-ray structure analysis shows that both [Zn(phen)(dipico)(H(2)O)]·H(2)O (1) and [Zn(phen)(L-Thr)(H(2)O)Cl]·2H(2)O (2) have octahedral geometry about the Zn(II) atom. Both complexes can inhibit topoisomerase I, and have better anticancer activity than cisplatin against nasopharyngeal cancer cell lines, HK1 and HONE-1, with concentrations causing 50 % inhibition of cell proliferation (IC(50)) in the low micromolar range. Complex 2 has the highest therapeutic index for HK1. Both Zn(II) complexes can induce cell death by apoptosis. Changing the subsidiary ligand in the Zn(II) complexes affects the UV-fluorescence spectral properties of the coordinated phen ligand, the binding affinity for some DNA sequences, nucleobase sequence-selective binding, the phase at which cell cycle progression was arrested for treated cancer cells, and their therapeutic index.
  5. Hassan LR, Anouar EH, Bahron H, Abdullah F, Mohd Tajuddin A
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2020 03;25(2):239-252.
    PMID: 31974764 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-020-01755-6
    Hydroxamic acids [R(CO)N(OH)R'] are flexible compounds for organic and inorganic analyses due to their frailer structures compared to the carboxylic acid. The syntheses and characterization of benzohydroxamic acid (BHA), its CH3-, OCH3-, Cl- para-substituted derivatives and their Cr(III) complexes are reported herein. The metal complexes were synthesized by reacting the hydroxamic acids with chromium(III) chloride hexahydrate in 2:1 molar ratio. The compounds were characterized via melting point, elemental analysis, FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR, TGA, mass spectrometry, molar conductance and UV-Visible. Data analysis suggests that each complex has the Cr(III) center coordinated to the carbonyl and hydroxy oxygen atoms of the hydroxamic acids in bidentate O,O manner and two water molecules to form octahedral geometry. Non-electrolytic behavior of the complexes was shown through their low molar conductivity. Cytotoxicity study against HCT116 and alpha-glucosidase inhibition test revealed that all complexes have higher activity than their parent ligands. Molecular docking study shows that the docking of active complexes is thermodynamically favorable and the inhibition efficiency may depend on the types and the numbers of molecular interactions established in the corresponding stable conformers.
  6. Ang KP, Chan PF, Hamid RA
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2021 10;26(7):833-853.
    PMID: 34476610 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-021-01892-6
    Tricyclohexylphosphanegold(I) n-mercaptobenzoate (n = 2, 3, 4) labelled as 1-3 were previously reported to significantly suppress thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) activities towards ovarian cancer cells, A2780, in vitro. Herein, we explored the role of 1-3 for their apoptosis inducing ability against A2780 cells. 1-3 exhibited IC50 values at 1.19 ± 0.03 µM, 2.28 ± 0.04 μM and 0.78 ± 0.01 μM, respectively, compared to cisplatin at 26.8 ± 0.15 µM. The compounds induced A2780 apoptosis via a caspase-dependent mitochondrion pathway as evidenced by ROS production, cytochrome c release, caspases-3/7, -8, -9 and -10 activation, APAF1 and BAX upregulation as well as BCL2A1 and BCL2 genes' downregulation. In addition, the death mode of 1-3 was also mediated via death receptor extrinsic pathway manifested by FAS, FASL, FADD, and TNFR1 genes' upregulation via Human Rt PCR analysis. In addition, 1-3 significantly caused A2780 arrest at S phase, which was associated with the upregulation of TP53, E2F1, RB1 and CDKN1A upregulation and downregulation of CDK1, CDK4, CDC25A and CDC25C genes. Based on these promising results, these phosphanegold(I) thiolate derivatives could act as feasible candidates for further advanced in vivo ovarian cancer studies to develop novel chemotherapeutic agents derived from metal-based agents.
  7. Rudramurthy GR, Swamy MK
    J Biol Inorg Chem, 2018 Dec;23(8):1185-1204.
    PMID: 30097748 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-018-1600-6
    Nanotechnology advancements have led to the development of its allied fields, such as nanoparticle synthesis and their applications in the field of biomedicine. Nanotechnology driven innovations have given a hope to the patients as well as physicians in solving the complex medical problems. Nanoparticles with a size ranging from 0.2 to 100 nm are associated with an increased surface to volume ratio. Moreover, the physico-chemical and biological properties of nanoparticles can be modified depending on the applications. Different nanoparticles have been documented with a wide range of applications in various fields of medicine and biology including cancer therapy, drug delivery, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, biomolecules detection, and also as antimicrobial agents. However, the development of stable and effective nanoparticles requires a profound knowledge on both physico-chemical features of nanomaterials and their intended applications. Further, the health risks associated with the use of engineered nanoparticles needs a serious attention.
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