• 1 Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, UPM, 43400, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
J. Biol. Inorg. Chem., 2015 Jul;20(5):855-73.
PMID: 26003312 DOI: 10.1007/s00775-015-1271-5


The phosphanegold(I) carbonimidothioates, Ph3PAu{SC(OR)=NC6H4Me-4} for R = Me (1), Et (2) and iPr (3), feature linear P-Au-S coordination geometries and exhibit potent in vitro cytotoxicity against HT-29 colon cancer cells in both monolayer and multi-cellular spheroid models (e.g., IC50 = 11.9 ± 0.4 and 20.3 ± 0.3 μM for 2, respectively). Both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis are demonstrated by human apoptosis PCR array analysis, caspase activities, DNA fragmentation and cell apoptotic assays. Compounds 1-3 induce an extrinsic pathway that leads to down-regulation of NFκB. Compound 2 also exhibits an extrinsic apoptotic pathway involving the activation of both p53 and p73, whereas 3 activates p53 only. Lys48- and Lys63-linked polyubiquitination are also promoted by 1-3. Each of cytotoxic Ph3PAu{SC(OR)=NC6H4Me-4}, for R = Me (1), Et (2) and iPr (3), induce an intrinsic apoptotic pathway as well as an extrinsic pathway leading to down-regulation of NFκB. Lys48- and Lys63-linked polyubiquitination are promoted by 1-3 and these are able to inhibit cell invasion and to suppress the activity of TrxR.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

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