Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 791 in total

  1. Tan YS, Wong SK, Yong KT, Lim KH, Lim SH, Low YY
    J Nat Prod, 2023 Jan 27;86(1):232-236.
    PMID: 36651825 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.2c00731
    Eugeniifoline (1), a pentacyclic indole alkaloid with a five-membered ring E, was isolated for the first time as a natural product from the stem-bark extract of Leuconotis eugeniifolia. Eugeniifoline (1) was previously reported as a synthetic product from a diversity-enhanced extract, but with the configuration at C-21 reported as S (1a). The configuration at C-21 was revised to R as shown in 1, based on the NOE data, GIAO NMR calculations, and DP4+ probability analysis, as well as the TDDFT-ECD method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  2. Abd Aziz NA, Awang N, Chan KM, Kamaludin NF, Mohamad Anuar NN
    Molecules, 2023 Aug 03;28(15).
    PMID: 37570810 DOI: 10.3390/molecules28155841
    Organotin (IV) dithiocarbamate has recently received attention as a therapeutic agent among organotin (IV) compounds. The individual properties of the organotin (IV) and dithiocarbamate moieties in the hybrid complex form a synergy of action that stimulates increased biological activity. Organotin (IV) components have been shown to play a crucial role in cytotoxicity. The biological effects of organotin compounds are believed to be influenced by the number of Sn-C bonds and the number and nature of alkyl or aryl substituents within the organotin structure. Ligands target and react with molecules while preventing unwanted changes in the biomolecules. Organotin (IV) dithiocarbamate compounds have also been shown to have a broad range of cellular, biochemical, and molecular effects, with their toxicity largely determined by their structure. Continuing the investigation of the cytotoxicity of organotin (IV) dithiocarbamates, this mini-review delves into the appropriate method for synthesis and discusses the elemental and spectroscopic analyses and potential cytotoxic effects of these compounds from articles published since 2010.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  3. Farabi K, Harneti D, Darwati, Nurlelasari, Mayanti T, Maharani R, et al.
    Nat Prod Res, 2024;38(2):227-235.
    PMID: 35994369 DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2022.2114472
    Three new dammarane-type triterpenoids, namely elliptaglin A-C (1-3) were isolated from the stem bark of Aglaia elliptica (C.DC.) Blume along with three known derivatives, namely (20S)-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-on (4), cabralealactone (5), and E-25-hydroperoxydammar-23-en-20-ol-3-one (6). Subsequently, their chemical structures were determined using HR-ESI-MS, FTIR, 1D and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis as well as comparison with previous studies. The cytotoxicity activities of the isolated compounds against MCF-7 breast cancer and B16-F10 melanoma cell lines were then tested using PrestoBlue reagent. The analysis results showed that elliptaglin B (2) had the strongest activity against both cell lines with IC50 values of 60.98 and 51.83 µM, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  4. Ngadni MA, Chong SL, Kamarudin MNA, Hazni H, Litaudon M, Supratman U, et al.
    Fitoterapia, 2024 Mar;173:105765.
    PMID: 38042506 DOI: 10.1016/j.fitote.2023.105765
    A phytochemical study on the bark of Chisocheton erythrocarpus Hiern (Meliaceae) has led to the isolation of six new phragmalin-type limonoids named erythrocarpines I - N (1-6) along with one known limonoid, erythrocarpine F (7). Their structures were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods. The pre-treatment of NG108-15 cells with 1-5, 7 (2 h) demonstrated low to good protective effects against H2O2 exposure; 1 (83.77% ± 1.84 at 12.5 μM), 2 (69.07 ± 2.01 at 12.5 μM), 3 (80.38 ± 2.1 at 12.5 μM), 4 (62.33 ± 1.95 at 25 μM),5 (58.67 ± 1.85 at 50 μM) and 7 (66.07 ± 2.03 at 12.5 μM). Interestingly, 1 and 3 demonstrated comparable protective effects to positive control epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) with similar cell viability capacity (≈ 80%), having achieved that at lower concentration (12.5 μM) than EGCG (50 μM). Collectively, the results suggested the promising use of 1 and 3 as potential neuroprotective agents against hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity in neuronal model.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  5. Shanmuga Sundara Raj S, Fun HK, Lu ZL, Xiao W, Gong XY, Gen CM
    Acta Crystallogr C, 2000 Aug;56 (Pt 8):1015-6.
    PMID: 10944310
    The whole molecule of the title compound, C(19)H(14)N(4)O(2), is essentially planar, with a highly conjugated pi system. In the crystal, the molecules are packed as chains along the [011] direction connected by O-H.N intermolecular hydrogen bonds.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  6. Aminudin NI, Ridzuan M, Susanti D, Zainal Abidin ZA
    J Asian Nat Prod Res, 2022 Feb;24(2):103-145.
    PMID: 33783284 DOI: 10.1080/10286020.2021.1906657
    Sesquiterpenoids have been identified as natural compounds showing remarkable biological activities found in medicinal plants. There is great interest in developing methods to obtain sesquiterpenoids derivatives and biotransformation is one of the alternative methods for structural modification of complex sesquiterpenes structures. Biotransformation is a great drug design tool offering high selectivity and green method. The present review describes a comprehensive summary of biotransformation products of sesquiterpenoids and its structural modification utilizing a variety of biocatalysts including microorganisms, plant tissue culture and enzymes. This review covers recent literatures from 2007 until 2020 and highlights the experimental conditions for each biotransformation process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  7. Ying Y, Tu S, Ni J, Lu X, Hu X, Lei P, et al.
    Fitoterapia, 2023 Oct;170:105662.
    PMID: 37648028 DOI: 10.1016/j.fitote.2023.105662
    Two new terrein derivatives asperterreinones A-B (1-2), one new octahydrocoumarin derivative (±)-asperterreinin A (6), along with seventeen known compounds, were isolated from Aspergillus terreus F6-3, a marine fungus associated with Johnius belengerii. The structures of 1, 2, and 6 were established on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR, mass spectroscopy, comparative electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra analysis, density functional theory calculation of 13C NMR, and DP4+ probability analysis. Among all the isolates, eurylene (7), a constituent of the Malaysian medicinal plant Eurycoma longifolia, was obtained from a microbial source for first time. In the in vitro bioassay, 11 and 13 showed potent inhibitory activity against the Escherichia coli β-glucuronidase (EcGUS) with IC50 values of 27.75 ± 0.73 and 17.73 ± 0.81 μM, respectively. It was the first time that questinol (11) and (±)-aspertertone B (13) were reported as potent EcGUS inhibitors.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  8. Zukerman-Schpector J, Madureira LS, Wulf GD, Stefani HA, Vasconcelos SN, Ng SW, et al.
    Molecules, 2014;19(2):1990-2003.
    PMID: 24531216 DOI: 10.3390/molecules19021990
    Two independent molecules that differ in terms of rotation about the central S-N bond comprise the asymmetric unit of the title compound 1. The molecules have a V-shape with the dihedral angles between the fused ring system and benzene ring being 79.08(6)° and 72.83(5)°, respectively. The packing is mostly driven by p···p interactions occurring between the tolyl ring of one molecule and the C6 ring of the indole fused ring system of the other. DFT and IRC calculations for these and related 1-(arylsulfonyl)indole molecules showed that the rotational barrier about the S-N bond between conformers is within the 2.5-5.5 kcal/mol range. Crystal data for C16H13NO3S (1): Mr = 299.33, space group Pna21, a = 19.6152(4) Å, b = 11.2736(4) Å, c = 12.6334(3) Å, V = 2793.67(13) Å3, Z = 8, Z' = 2, R = 0.034.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure*
  9. Ahmed A, Saeed F, Salim N, Abdo A
    J Cheminform, 2014;6:19.
    PMID: 24883114 DOI: 10.1186/1758-2946-6-19
    BACKGROUND: It is known that any individual similarity measure will not always give the best recall of active molecule structure for all types of activity classes. Recently, the effectiveness of ligand-based virtual screening approaches can be enhanced by using data fusion. Data fusion can be implemented using two different approaches: group fusion and similarity fusion. Similarity fusion involves searching using multiple similarity measures. The similarity scores, or ranking, for each similarity measure are combined to obtain the final ranking of the compounds in the database.

    RESULTS: The Condorcet fusion method was examined. This approach combines the outputs of similarity searches from eleven association and distance similarity coefficients, and then the winner measure for each class of molecules, based on Condorcet fusion, was chosen to be the best method of searching. The recall of retrieved active molecules at top 5% and significant test are used to evaluate our proposed method. The MDL drug data report (MDDR), maximum unbiased validation (MUV) and Directory of Useful Decoys (DUD) data sets were used for experiments and were represented by 2D fingerprints.

    CONCLUSIONS: Simulated virtual screening experiments with the standard two data sets show that the use of Condorcet fusion provides a very simple way of improving the ligand-based virtual screening, especially when the active molecules being sought have a lowest degree of structural heterogeneity. However, the effectiveness of the Condorcet fusion was increased slightly when structural sets of high diversity activities were being sought.

    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  10. Tan SJ, Subramaniam G, Thomas NF, Kam TS
    Nat Prod Commun, 2012 Jun;7(6):739-42.
    PMID: 22816296
    Five new nitrogenous compounds were isolated from the Malayan Alstonia angustifolia and their structures determined based on interpretation of spectroscopic data.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  11. Arif SM, Holliday JD, Willett P
    J Chem Inf Model, 2010 Aug 23;50(8):1340-9.
    PMID: 20672867 DOI: 10.1021/ci1001235
    This paper discusses the weighting of two-dimensional fingerprints for similarity-based virtual screening, specifically the use of weights that assign greatest importance to the substructural fragments that occur least frequently in the database that is being screened. Virtual screening experiments using the MDL Drug Data Report and World of Molecular Bioactivity databases show that the use of such inverse frequency weighting schemes can result, in some circumstances, in marked increases in screening effectiveness when compared with the use of conventional, unweighted fingerprints. Analysis of the characteristics of the various schemes demonstrates that such weights are best used to weight the fingerprint of the reference structure in a similarity search, with the database structures' fingerprints unweighted. However, the increases in performance resulting from such weights are only observed with structurally homogeneous sets of active molecules; when the actives are diverse, the best results are obtained using conventional, unweighted fingerprints for both the reference structure and the database structures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  12. Ng SW, Chantrapromma S, Razak IA, Fun HK
    Acta Crystallogr C, 2001 Mar;57(Pt 3):291-2.
    PMID: 11250582
    The triclinic cell of the title compound contains 2C(12)H(24)N(+) x 2C(6)H(5)O(2)S(-) ion pairs that are linked by four hydrogen bonds [N...O = 2.728 (3) and 2.758 (3) A] across a centre of inversion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  13. Nugroho AE, Inoue D, Wong CP, Hirasawa Y, Kaneda T, Shirota O, et al.
    J Nat Med, 2018 Mar;72(2):588-592.
    PMID: 29453649 DOI: 10.1007/s11418-018-1188-8
    Bioactivity guided separation of Reinwardtiodendron cinereum barks methanol extract led to the isolation of two new onocerane triterpenoids, reinereins A and B (1 and 2), together with three known onocerane triterpenoids. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. In vitro cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds against several type of cancer cells were evaluated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  14. Nur Idayu Alimon, Nor Haniza Sarmin, Ahmad Erfanian
    MATEMATIKA, 2019;35(1):51-57.
    Topological indices are numerical values that can be analysed to predict the chemical properties of the molecular structure and the topological indices are computed for a graph related to groups. Meanwhile, the conjugacy class graph of is defined as a graph with a vertex set represented by the non-central conjugacy classes of . Two distinct vertices are connected if they have a common prime divisor. The main objective of this article is to find various topological indices including the Wiener index, the first Zagreb index and the second Zagreb index for the conjugacy class graph of dihedral groups of order where the dihedral group is the group of symmetries of regular polygon, which includes rotations and reflections. Many topological indices have been determined for simple and connected graphs in general but not graphs related to groups. In this article, the Wiener index and Zagreb index of conjugacy class graph of dihedral groups are generalized.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  15. Salam S, Harneti D, Maharani R, Nurlelasari, Safari A, Hidayat AT, et al.
    Phytochemistry, 2021 Jul;187:112759.
    PMID: 33839518 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2021.112759
    Eleven undescribed triterpenoids (pentandrucines A to K) were isolated from the n-hexane extract of the stem bark of Chisocheton pentandrus (Blanco) Merr. These comprised ten undescribed dammarane-type triterpenoids and one undescribed apotirucallane-type triterpenoid. Additionally, two dammarane-type triterpenoids, four apotirucallane-type triterpenoids and two tirucallane-type triterpenoids were also isolated. The chemical structures of pentandrucine A-K, were fully elucidated using 1D and 2D-NMR, and high resolution MS. All of the compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells in vitro. Melianodiol proved to be the most active with an IC50 of 16.84 μM comparing favourably with Cisplatin (13.2 μM).
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  16. Hutagaol RP, Harneti D, Safari A, Hidayat AT, Supratman U, Awang K, et al.
    J Asian Nat Prod Res, 2021 Aug;23(8):781-788.
    PMID: 32536210 DOI: 10.1080/10286020.2020.1776704
    A seco-apotirucallane-type triterpenoid, namely angustifolianin (1), along with three dammarane-type triterpenoids, (20S, 24S)-epoxy-dammarane-3β,25-diol (2), 3-epi-cabraleahydroxylactone (3), and cabralealactone (4), were isolated from the stem bark of Aglaia angustifolia Miq. The Chemical structure of the new compounds was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. All of the compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Among those compounds, angustifolianin (1) showed strongest cytotoxic activity with an IC50 value of 50.5 μg/ml.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  17. Ee, G.C.L., Jong, V.Y.M., Sukari, M.A., Lee, T.K., Tan, A.
    Our continuing interest in anthraquinones from the Guttiferae family has led us to look at the genus Cratoxylum. A detailed chemical study on Cratoxylum aborescens resulted in the isolation of three anthraquinones, namely 1,8-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methylanthraquinone (1), vismiaquinone (2) and vismione (3). These compounds were identified using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. This is the first report on the chemistry of Cratoxylum aborescens.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  18. Kue CS, Ng SY, Voon SH, Kamkaew A, Chung LY, Kiew LV, et al.
    Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2018 Nov 01;17(11):1691-1708.
    PMID: 29845993 DOI: 10.1039/c8pp00113h
    BODIPYs are photosensitizers activatable by light to generate highly reactive singlet oxygen (1O2) from molecular oxygen, leading to tissue damage in the photoirradiated region. Despite their extraordinary photophysical characteristics, they are not featured in clinical photodynamic therapy. This review discusses the recent advances in the design and/or modifications of BODIPYs since 2013, to improve their potential in photodynamic cancer therapy and related areas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  19. Chaudhry AR, Armed R, Irfan A, Shaari A, Maarof H, Abdullah GAS
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:867-875.
    We have designed new derivatives of naphtha [2 ,1-b:6 ,5-13V difuran as DPNDF-CN1 and DPNDF-CN2. The molecular structures of DPNDF, its derivatives DPNDF-CN1 and DPNDF-CN2 have been optimized at the ground (So) and first excited (S1) states using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT), respectively. Then the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (Lumos), photoluminescence properties, electron affinities (EELS), reorganization energies (.1.$) and ionization potentials (iPs) have been investigated. The balanced A(h) and A(e) showed that DPNDF, DPNDF-CN1 and DPNDF-CN2 would be better charge transport materials for both hole and electron. The effect of attached acceptors on the geometrical parameters, electronic, optical and charge transfer properties have also been investigated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
  20. Yeap JS, Tan CH, Yong KT, Lim KH, Lim SH, Low YY, et al.
    Phytochemistry, 2020 Aug;176:112391.
    PMID: 32387883 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2020.112391
    Fourteen previously undescribed alkaloids comprising two N-1-hydroxymethylmacroline alkaloids, one talpinine-type oxindole acetal, a pair of equilibrating talpinine-type oxindole hemiacetals, eight oxidized derivatives of sarpagine- and akuammiline-type indole alkaloids, in addition to alstochalotine a diastereomer of gelsochalotine recently isolated from Gelsemium elegans, were isolated from the leaf and stem-bark extracts of Alstonia penangiana. The structures and relative configurations of these alkaloids were established using NMR, MS, and in one instance, confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. An NMR-based method is described as a useful chemotaxonomic tool for differentiating between A. penangiana and A. macrophylla. Several of the alkaloids isolated showed appreciable growth inhibitory effects when tested against a number of human cancer cell lines.
    Matched MeSH terms: Molecular Structure
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