Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 92 in total

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  1. Nurani LH, Rohman A, Windarsih A, Guntarti A, Riswanto FDO, Lukitaningsih E, et al.
    Molecules, 2021 Dec 16;26(24).
    PMID: 34946709 DOI: 10.3390/molecules26247626
    Curcuma longa, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, and Curcuma manga have been widely used for herbal or traditional medicine purposes. It was reported that turmeric plants provided several biological activities such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotector, cardioprotector, and anticancer activities. Authentication of the Curcuma species is important to ensure its authenticity and to avoid adulteration practices. Plants from different origins will have different metabolite compositions because metabolites are affected by soil nutrition, climate, temperature, and humidity. 1H-NMR spectroscopy, principal component analysis (PCA), and orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used for authentication of C. longa, C. xanthorrhiza, and C. manga from seven different origins in Indonesia. From the 1H-NMR analysis it was obtained that 14 metabolites were responsible for generating classification model such as curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, alanine, methionine, threonine, lysine, alpha-glucose, beta-glucose, sucrose, alpha-fructose, beta-fructose, fumaric acid, tyrosine, and formate. Both PCA and OPLS-DA model demonstrated goodness of fit (R2 value more than 0.8) and good predictivity (Q2 value more than 0.45). All OPLS-DA models were validated by assessing the permutation test results with high value of original R2 and Q2. It can be concluded that metabolite fingerprinting using 1H-NMR spectroscopy and chemometrics provide a powerful tool for authentication of herbal and medicinal plants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular*
  2. Ng WJ, Sit NW, Ooi PA, Ee KY, Lim TM
    Molecules, 2021 Dec 16;26(24).
    PMID: 34946710 DOI: 10.3390/molecules26247628
    Stingless bee honey, specifically honeydew honey, is generally valued for its better health benefits than those of most blossom types. However, scientific studies about the differentiation of stingless bee honey based on honeydew and blossom origins are very limited. In this study, 13C NMR spectroscopy was employed to quantify the seven major sugar tautomers in stingless bee honey samples, and the major sugar compositions of both honeydew and blossom types were found not significantly different. However, several physicochemical properties of honeydew honey including moisture content, free acidity, electrical conductivity, ash content, acetic acid, diastase, hydrogen peroxide, and mineral elements levels were significantly higher; while total soluble solid, proline, and hydroxymethylfurfural were significantly lower than blossom honey. Greater antioxidant capacity in honeydew honey was proven with higher total phenolic compounds, ABTS, DPPH, superoxide radical scavenging activities, peroxyl radical inhibition, iron chelation, and ferric reducing power. Using principal component analysis (PCA), two clusters of stingless bee honey from the honeydew and blossom origin were observed. PCA also revealed that the differentiation between honeydew and blossom origin of stingless bee honey is possible with certain physicochemical and antioxidant parameters. The combination of NMR spectroscopy and chemometrics are suggested to be useful to determine the authenticity and botanical origin of stingless bee honey.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular*
  3. Arumugam N, Abdul Rahim AS, Abd Hamid S, Osman H
    Molecules, 2012 Aug 17;17(8):9887-99.
    PMID: 22902883 DOI: 10.3390/molecules17089887
    A series of novel 1-(2'-α-O-D-glucopyranosyl ethyl) 2-arylbenzimidazoles has been prepared via one-pot glycosylation of ethyl-1-(2'-hydroxyethyl)-2-arylbenzimidazole-5-carboxylate derivatives. Synthesis of the 2-arylbenzimidazole aglycones from 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid was accomplished in four high-yielding steps. The reduction and cyclocondensation steps for the aglycone synthesis proceeded efficiently under microwave irradiation to afford the appropriate benzimidazoles in excellent yields within 2-3 min. Glycosylation of the hydroxyethyl aglycones with the perbenzylated 1-hydroxy- glucopyranose, pretreated with the Appel-Lee reagent, followed by catalytic hydrogenolysis delivered the desired 1-(2'-α-O-D-glucopyranosyl ethyl) 2-aryl-benzimidazoles in a simple and straightforward manner.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  4. Ishii T, Matsuura H, Zhaoqi Z, Vairappan CS
    Molecules, 2009;14(9):3360-6.
    PMID: 19783930 DOI: 10.3390/molecules14093360
    A new 4alpha-methyl sterol, 4alpha-methyl-ergosta-6,8(14),22E-triene-3beta-ol (1), was isolated along with cholesterol from a Nephthea sp. Bornean soft coral The structure of compound 1 was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and comparison of the data with those of the related compounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  5. Lang G, Mitova MI, Cole AL, Din LB, Vikineswary S, Abdullah N, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 2006 Oct;69(10):1389-93.
    PMID: 17067148
    Six new linear peptides, pterulamides I-VI (1-6), were isolated from the fruiting bodies of a Malaysian Pterula species. The structures were elucidated by MS and 2D NMR experiments, and the absolute configurations of the constituent amino acids established using Marfey's method. The pterulamides are mainly assembled from nonpolar N-methylated amino acids and, most interestingly, have non-amino-acid N-terminal groups, among them the unusual cinnamoyl, (E)-3-methylsulfinylpropenoyl, and (E)-3-methylthiopropenoyl groups. Furthermore, pterulamides I-V are the first natural peptides with a methylamide C-terminus. Pterulamides I and IV are cytotoxic against the P388 cell line with IC50 values of 0.55 and 0.95 microg/mL (0.79 and 1.33 microM), respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  6. Abdul Ghani ZDF, Ab Rashid AH, Shaari K, Chik Z
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol, 2019 Oct;189(2):690-708.
    PMID: 31111377 DOI: 10.1007/s12010-019-03042-w
    The present studies are to evaluate the ability of PB to induce weight loss and urine metabolite profile of Piper betle L. (PB) leaf extracts using metabolomics approach. Dried PB leaves were extracted with ethanol 70% and the studies were performed in different groups of rats fed with high fat (HFD) and normal diet (ND). Then, fed with the PB extract with 100, 300, and 500 mg/kg and two negative control groups given water (WTR). The body weights were monitored and evaluated. Urine was collected and 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach was used to detect the metabolite changes. Results showed that PB-treated group demonstrated inhibition of body weight gain. The trajectory of urine metabolites showed that PB-treated group gave the different distribution from week 12 to 16 compared with the control groups. In 1H NMR metabolomic approach analysis, the urine metabolites gave the best separation in principle component 1 and 3, with 40.0% and 9.56% of the total variation. Shared and unique structures (SUS) plot model showed that higher concentration PB-treated group was characterized by high level of indole-3-acetate, aspartate, methanol, histidine, and creatine, thus caused an increased the metabolic function and maintaining the body weight of the animals treated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular*
  7. Ee GC, See I, Teh SS, Daud S
    J Asian Nat Prod Res, 2014;16(7):790-4.
    PMID: 24670077 DOI: 10.1080/10286020.2014.901313
    Our phytochemical study on the stem bark of Garcinia mangostana has led to the discovery of a new furanoxanthone, mangaxanthone A (1), together with five known analogs. The five known analogs that were isolated are α-mangostin (2), β-mangostin (3), cowagarcinone B (4), and dulcisxanthone F (5). The structural elucidations of these compounds were carried out by interpreting their spectroscopic data, mainly 1D and 2D NMR spectra and MS.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  8. Nge CE, Gan CY, Low YY, Thomas NF, Kam TS
    Org. Lett., 2013 Sep 20;15(18):4774-7.
    PMID: 23991636 DOI: 10.1021/ol4021404
    Two new indole alkaloids, voatinggine (1) and tabertinggine (2), which are characterized by previously unencountered natural product skeletons, were isolated from a Malayan Tabernaemontana species. The structures and absolute configuration of these alkaloids were determined using NMR and MS analysis, and X-ray diffraction analysis. A possible biogenetic pathway to these novel alkaloids from an iboga precursor, and via a common cleavamine-type intermediate, is presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  9. Lim SH, Low YY, Tan SJ, Lim KH, Thomas NF, Kam TS
    J Nat Prod, 2012 May 25;75(5):942-50.
    PMID: 22559995 DOI: 10.1021/np300120p
    Three new bisindole alkaloids of the macroline-macroline type, perhentidines A-C (1-3), were isolated from the stem-bark extract of Alstonia macrophylla and Alstonia angustifolia. The structures of these alkaloids were established on the basis of NMR and MS analyses. The absolute configurations of perhentinine (4) and macralstonine (5) were established by X-ray diffraction analyses, which facilitated assignment of the configuration at C-20 in the regioisomeric bisindole alkaloids perhentidines A-C (1-3). A potentially useful method for the determination of the configuration at C-20 based on comparison of the NMR chemical shifts of the bisindoles and their acetate derivatives, in these and related bisindoles with similar constitution and branching of the monomeric units, is also presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  10. Lim SH, Tan SJ, Low YY, Kam TS
    J Nat Prod, 2011 Dec 27;74(12):2556-62.
    PMID: 22148233 DOI: 10.1021/np200730j
    Four new linearly fused bisindole alkaloids, lumutinines A-D (1-4), were isolated from the stem-bark extract of Alstonia macrophylla. Lumutinines A (1) and B (2) represent the first examples of linear, ring A/F-fused macroline-macroline-type bisindoles, while lumutinines C (3) and D (4) were constituted from the union of macroline and sarpagine moieties. A reinvestigation of the stereochemical assignment of alstoumerine (8) by NMR and X-ray diffraction analyses indicated that the configuration at C-16 and C-19 required revision.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  11. Hasan A, Abbas A, Akhtar MN
    Molecules, 2011 Sep 13;16(9):7789-802.
    PMID: 22143543 DOI: 10.3390/molecules16097789
    A series of 1,3,5-triaryl-2-pyrazolines was synthesized by dissolving the corresponding 4-alkoxychalcones in glacial acetic acid containing a few drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid. This step was followed by the addition of (3,4-dimethylphenyl) hydrazaine hydrochloride. Finally the target compounds were precipitated by pouring the reaction mixture onto crushed ice. The structures of the synthesized compounds were established by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. The 1,3,5-triaryl-2-pyrazolines bearing homologous alkoxy groups were found to possess fluorescence properties in the blue region of the visible spectrum when irradiated with ultraviolet radiation. The fluorescent behavior of these compounds was studied by UV-Vis and emission spectroscopy, performed at room temperature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  12. Hasan A, Thomas NF, Gapil S
    Molecules, 2011;16(2):1297-309.
    PMID: 21278680 DOI: 10.3390/molecules16021297
    A series of 5-substituted-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole-3-thioesters was synthesized by converting variously substituted organic acids successively into the corresponding esters, hydrazides, 5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thiols, 5-substituted-1,2,4-triazole-2-thiols and 5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thioesters. Finally the target compounds were obtained by refluxing 5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thioesters in the presence of hydrazine hydrate and absolute alcohol. The structures of the synthesized compounds were established by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antifungal activity. Some of the evaluated compounds possessed significant antifungal activity as compared to a terbinafine standard.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  13. Osman CP, Ismail NH, Ahmad R, Ahmat N, Awang K, Jaafar FM
    Molecules, 2010;15(10):7218-26.
    PMID: 20966871 DOI: 10.3390/molecules15107218
    Dichloromethane root extract of Rennellia elliptica Korth. showed strong inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum growth in vitro with an IC₅₀ value of 4.04 µg/mL. A phytochemical study of the dichloromethane root extract has led to the isolation and characterization of a new anthraquinone, 1,2-dimethoxy-6-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (1), and ten known anthraquinones: 1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (2), nordamnacanthal (3), 2-formyl-3-hydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone (4), damnacanthal (5), lucidin-ω-methyl ether (6), 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (7), rubiadin (8), 3-hydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (9), rubiadin-1-methyl ether (10) and 3-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyl-9,10-anthraquinone (11). Structural elucidation of all compounds was accomplished by modern spectroscopic methods, notably 1D and 2D NMR, IR, UV and HREIMS. The new anthraquinone 1, 2-formyl-3-hydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone (4) and 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone (7) possess strong antiplasmodial activity, with IC₅₀ values of 1.10, 0.63 and 0.34 µM, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  14. Mohammed IA, Mustapha A
    Molecules, 2010;15(10):7498-509.
    PMID: 20975631 DOI: 10.3390/molecules15107498
    Maleic anhydride was reacted with p-aminophenol and p-toluidine in the presence of di-phosphorus pentoxide (P₂O₅) as a catalyst to produce two compounds: N-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)maleimide (I) and N-(4-methylphenyl)maleimide (II). The new azo compounds I(a-c) and II(a-c) were prepared by the reaction of I and II with three different aromatic amines, namely aniline, p-aminophenol and p-toluidine. The structures of these compounds were confirmed by CHN, FT-IR, ¹H-NMR, ¹³C-NMR, mass spectrum and UV/Vis spectroscopy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  15. Lukaseder B, Vajrodaya S, Hehenberger T, Seger C, Nagl M, Lutz-Kutschera G, et al.
    Phytochemistry, 2009 May;70(8):1030-7.
    PMID: 19535116 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.05.007
    Fifteen prenylated or geranylated flavanones and flavanonols were isolated from the leaf extracts of different Glycosmis species collected in Thailand and Malaysia. All structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, especially 1D and 2D NMR. Six compounds were described for the first time and two were only known so far as synthetic products. The chemotaxonomic significance of flavanoid accumulation within the genus Glycosmis is highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  16. Lim KH, Sim KM, Tan GH, Kam TS
    Phytochemistry, 2009 Jun;70(9):1182-1186.
    PMID: 19643450 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.06.010
    Four tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids, 7(R)- and 7(S)-geissoschizol oxindole (1 and 2), 7(R),16(R)- and 7(S),16(R)-19(E)-isositsirikine oxindole (3 and 4), in addition to a taberpsychine derivative, N(4)-demethyltaberpsychine (5), were isolated from the Malayan Tabernaemontana corymbosa and the structures were established using NMR and MS analysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  17. Rahmani M, Susidarti RA, Ismail HB, Sukari MA, Hin TY, Lian GE, et al.
    Phytochemistry, 2003 Oct;64(4):873-7.
    PMID: 14559284
    In a continuation of our study of the Rutaceae, detailed chemical investigation on Micromelum minutum (Rutaceae) collected from Sepilok, Sabah, Malaysia gave four new coumarins. The structures of the coumarins have been fully characterised by spectroscopic methods as 3",4"-dihydrocapnolactone 1, 2',3'-epoxyisocapnolactone 2, 8-hydroxyisocapnolactone-2',3'-diol 3 and 8-hydroxy-3",4"-dihydrocapnolactone-2',3'-diol 4.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  18. Kam TS, Pang HS, Lim TM
    Org Biomol Chem, 2003 Apr 21;1(8):1292-7.
    PMID: 12929658
    The ethanol extract of the leaves of Tabernaemontana divaricata (double flower variety) provided a total of 23 alkaloids, including the new aspidosperma alkaloids, taberhanine, voafinine, N-methylvoafinine, voafinidine, voalenine and the new bisindole alkaloid, conophyllinine in addition to the previously known, biologically active bisindole, conophylline and its congener, conofoline. The structures of the new alkaloids were established by spectroscopic methods. The preparation and characterization of the corresponding quinones of the biologically active bisindoles are also described in relation to a structure-activity study of these compounds with respect to their action in stimulating insulin expression.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  19. Sivasothy Y, Loo KY, Leong KH, Litaudon M, Awang K
    Phytochemistry, 2016 Feb;122:265-269.
    PMID: 26712615 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2015.12.007
    A dimeric acylphenol and a potent α-glucosidase inhibitor, giganteone D (IC50 5.05μM), was isolated and characterized from the bark of Myristica cinnamomea King. The bark also yielded an acylphenol with an unprecedented skeleton for which the name cinnamomeone A (IC50 358.80μM) was proposed. Their structures were established by means of NMR and MS spectrometric analyses. The Lineweaver-Burk plot of giganteone D indicated that it was a mixed-type inhibitor. This is the first report on the α-glucosidase inhibiting potential of acylphenols.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  20. Tan SJ, Lim JL, Low YY, Sim KS, Lim SH, Kam TS
    J Nat Prod, 2014 Sep 26;77(9):2068-80.
    PMID: 25211145 DOI: 10.1021/np500439u
    A total of 20 new indole alkaloids comprising mainly oxidized derivatives of macroline- (including alstofonidine, a macroline indole incorporating a butyrolactone ring-F), pleiocarpamine-, and sarpagine-type alkaloids were isolated from the bark and leaf extracts of Alstonia angustifolia. The structures and relative configurations of these alkaloids were determined using NMR and MS analyses and in some instances confirmed by X-ray diffraction analyses. Alkaloids 3, 7, 35, and 41 showed moderate to weak activity, while 21 showed strong activity in reversing multidrug resistance in vincristine-resistant KB cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
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