Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 31 in total

  1. Noh NA, Salleh SM, Yahya AR
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2014 Jun;58(6):617-23.
    PMID: 24698293 DOI: 10.1111/lam.12236
    A fed-batch strategy was established based on the maximum substrate uptake rate (MSUR) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa USM-AR2 grown in diesel to produce rhamnolipid. This strategy matches the substrate feed rates with the substrate demand based on the real-time measurements of dissolved oxygen (DO). The MSUR was estimated by determining the time required for consumption of a known amount of diesel. The MSUR trend paralleled the biomass profile of Ps. aeruginosa USM-AR2, where the MSUR increased throughout the exponential phase indicating active substrate utilization and then decreased when cells entered stationary phase. Rhamnolipid yield on diesel was enhanced from 0·047 (g/g) in batch to 0·110 (g/g) in pulse-pause fed-batch and 0·123 (g/g) in MSUR fed-batch. Rhamnolipid yield on biomass was also improved from 0·421 (g/g) in batch, 3·098 (g/g) in pulse-pause fed-batch to 3·471 (g/g) using MSUR-based strategy. Volumetric productivity increased from 0·029 g l(-1) h(-1) in batch, 0·054 g l(-1) h(-1) in pulse-pause fed-batch to 0·076 g l(-1) h(-1) in MSUR fed-batch.
  2. Kiang WS, Bhat R, Rosma A, Cheng LH
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2013 Apr;56(4):251-7.
    PMID: 23278854 DOI: 10.1111/lam.12042
    In this study, the effects of thermosonication and thermal treatment on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Enteritidis in mango juice were investigated at 50 and 60°C. Besides, nonlethal injury of Salm. Enteritidis after both treatments was also examined. The highest inactivation was attained with thermosonication at 60°C. The inactivation rate was different for both pathogens, and Salm. Enteritidis was found to be more sensitive to thermosonication than E. coli O157:H7. Salmonella Enteritidis was recovered in all treated samples, except those subjected to more than 5-min thermosonication at 60°C. It was found that the introduction of high-intensity ultrasound enhanced the inactivation of pathogens compared to thermal treatment alone. On the other hand, Salm. Enteritidis was detected in a number of samples following incubation in universal pre-enrichment broth, but no growth was detected after incubation in mango juice.
  3. Tan YN, Ayob MK, Osman MA, Matthews KR
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2011 Nov;53(5):509-17.
    PMID: 21848644 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2011.03137.x
    The goal of this study was to determine inhibitory effect of palm kernel expeller (PKE) peptides of different degree of hydrolysis (DH %) against spore-forming bacteria Bacillus cereus, Bacillus circulans, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus stearothermophillus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Clostridium perfringens; and non-spore-forming bacteria Escherichia coli, Lisinibacillus sphaericus, Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella Typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus.
  4. Jong BC, Liew PW, Lebai Juri M, Kim BH, Mohd Dzomir AZ, Leo KW, et al.
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2011 Dec;53(6):660-7.
    PMID: 21967346 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2011.03159.x
    To evaluate the bioenergy generation and the microbial community structure from palm oil mill effluent using microbial fuel cell.
  5. Voon WW, Rukayadi Y, Meor Hussin AS
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2016 May;62(5):428-33.
    PMID: 27002476 DOI: 10.1111/lam.12568
    Biocellulose (BC) is pure extracellular cellulose produced by several species of micro-organisms that has numerous applications in the food, biomedical and paper industries. However, the existing biocellulose-producing bacterial strain with high yield was limited. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify the potential biocellulose-producing bacterial isolates from Malaysian acidic fruits. One hundred and ninety-three bacterial isolates were obtained from 19 local acidic fruits collected in Malaysia and screened for their ability to produce BC. A total of 15 potential bacterial isolates were then cultured in standard Hestrin-Schramm (HS) medium statically at 30°C for 2 weeks to determine the BC production. The most potent bacterial isolates were identified using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Three new and potent biocellulose-producing bacterial strains were isolated from soursop fruit and identified as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia WAUPM42, Pantoea vagans WAUPM45 and Beijerinckia fluminensis WAUPM53. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia WAUPM42 was the most potent biocellulose-producing bacterial strain that produced the highest amount of BC 0·58 g l(-1) in standard HS medium. Whereas, the isolates P. vagans WAUPM45 and B. fluminensis WAUPM53 showed 0·50 and 0·52 g l(-1) of BC production, respectively.
  6. Lim SH, Jahanshiri F, Rahim RA, Sekawi Z, Yusoff K
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2010 Dec;51(6):658-64.
    PMID: 20973806 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2010.02950.x
    A system for displaying heterologous respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) glycoproteins on the surface of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 was developed.
  7. Nooraee SE, Alimon AR, Ho YW, Abdullah N
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2010 Jun 1;50(6):578-84.
    PMID: 20406377 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2010.02836.x
    The aim of this study was to find suitable yeast isolates as potential microbial feed additives for ruminants.
  8. Tang JY, Nishibuchi M, Nakaguchi Y, Ghazali FM, Saleha AA, Son R
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2011 Jun;52(6):581-8.
    PMID: 21375548 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2011.03039.x
    We quantified Campylobacter jejuni transferred from naturally contaminated raw chicken fillets and skins to similar cooked chicken parts via standard rubberwood (RW) and polyethylene cutting boards (PE).
  9. Meimandipour A, Shuhaimi M, Hair-Bejo M, Azhar K, Kabeir BM, Rasti B, et al.
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2009 Oct;49(4):415-20.
    PMID: 19725887 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2009.02674.x
    To assess the probiotic effects of Lactobacillus agilis JCM 1048 and L. salivarius ssp. salicinius JCM 1230 and the pH on the cecal microflora of chicken and metabolic end products.
  10. Norsyahida A, Rahmah N, Ahmad RM
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2009 Nov;49(5):544-50.
    PMID: 19832937 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2009.02694.x
    To investigate the effects of feeding and induction strategies on the production of BmR1 recombinant antigen.
  11. Kabeir BM, Yazid AM, Stephenie W, Hakim MN, Anas OM, Shuhaimi M
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2008 Jan;46(1):32-7.
    PMID: 17944838
    To assess the safety of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 in BALB/c mice that involves examination of bacterial translocation, changes in the internal organs and histology of the intestinal lining.
  12. Yoke-Kqueen C, Learn-Han L, Noorzaleha AS, Son R, Sabrina S, Jiun-Horng S, et al.
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2008 Mar;46(3):318-24.
    PMID: 18179445 DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2007.02311.x
    The aims of this communication were to study characterization of serogroups among Salmonella isolates and the relationship of antimicrobial resistance to serogroups. Multiple antimicrobial resistance (MAR) was performed on 189 Salmonella enterica isolates associated with 38 different serovars that were recovered from poultry and four types of indigenous vegetables.
  13. Raha AR, Chang LY, Sipat A, Yusoff K, Haryanti T
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2006 Mar;42(3):210-4.
    PMID: 16478506
    The aim of the study is to evaluate whether xylanase can be used as a potential reporter gene for cloning and expression studies in Lactococcus.
  14. Kabeir BM, Abd-Aziz S, Muhammad K, Shuhaimi M, Yazid AM
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2005;41(2):125-31.
    PMID: 16033508
    To develop medida, a Sudanese fermented thin porridge as a probiotic dietary adjunct with high total solids.
  15. Azad SA, Vikineswary S, Chong VC, Ramachandran KB
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2004;38(1):13-8.
    PMID: 14687209
    Rhodovulum sulfidophilum was grown in settled undiluted and nonsterilized sardine processing wastewater (SPW). The aims were to evaluate the effects of inoculum size and media on the biomass production with simultaneous reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD).
  16. Lan GQ, Abdullah N, Jalaludin S, Ho Y
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2002;35(2):157-61.
    PMID: 12100593
    The effects of different carbon and nitrogen sources on phytase production by Mitsuokella jalaludinii were evaluated and the optimization of rice bran (RB) and soybean milk (SM) concentrations in the medium for phytase production was also determined.
  17. Yazid AM, Ali AM, Shuhaimi M, Kalaivaani V, Rokiah MY, Reezal A
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2000 Jul;31(1):57-62.
    PMID: 10886616
    Eighteen Bifidobacterium strains were tested for their susceptibility to a range of antimicrobial agents. All the strains tested, including the reference culture Lactobacillus acidophilus CH2, were susceptible to several groups of antimicrobial agents, they were cephalosporin (cefamandole, cefazolin, cefaperazone, cefoxitin), polypeptide (bacitracin), macrolide (erythromycin), penicillin (amoxicillin), phenicol (chloramphenicol) and beta-lactam (imipenem). Fourteen strains were resistant to more than 10 antibiotics. The reference culture was resistant to only three antibiotics. The results showed that bifidobacteria are resistant to a wide range of antimicrobial agents.
  18. Azad SA, Vikineswary S, Ramachandran KB, Chong VC
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2001 Oct;33(4):264-8.
    PMID: 11559398
    AIMS: Rhodovulum sulfidophilum was grown in sardine processing wastewater to assess growth characteristics for the production of bacterial biomass with simultaneous reduction of chemical oxygen demand.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: Growth characteristics were compared in diluted and undiluted, settled and non-settled wastewater growing in anaerobic light and aerobic dark conditions; and also at different agitation speeds. The highest biomass (8.75 g l(-1)) and a reduction in chemical oxygen demand of 71% were obtained in unsettled, undiluted wastewater after 120 h culture with 15% inoculum. In settled wastewater, highest biomass (7.64 g l(-1)) and a COD reduction of 77% was also obtained after 120 h. Total biomass was higher (4.34 g l(-1)) after 120 h culture in anaerobic light compared to (3.23 g l(-1)) in aerobic dark growth.

    CONCLUSIONS, SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Better performance, mean of total biomass (6.97 g l(-1) after 96 h), total carotenoids (4.24 mg g(-1) dry cell from 24 h) and soluble protein (431 microg ml(-1) after 96 h) were obtained from aerobic dark culture at 300 rev min(-1). The COD reduction, however, was lower (69%) after 96 h culture. Thus, the benefits in the production of bacterial biomass in non-sterilized sardine processing wastewater with the reduction of chemical oxygen demand could be achieved.

  19. Fandi KG, Ghazali HM, Yazid AM, Raha AR
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2001 Apr;32(4):235-9.
    PMID: 11298932
    AIMS: The key enzyme in the fructose-6-phosphate shunt in bifidobacteria, Fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK; E.C., was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity for the first time from Bifidobacterium longum (BB536).

    METHODS AND RESULTS: A three-step procedure comprising acetone fractionation followed by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) resulted in a 30-fold purification. The purified enzyme had a molecular mass of 300 +/- 5 kDa as determined by gel filtration. It is probably a tetramer containing two different subunits with molecular masses of 93 +/- 1 kDa and 59 +/- 0.5 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE.

    CONCLUSION: The deduced N-terminal amino acid sequences of the two subunits revealed no significant similarity between them and other proteins when compared to the data bases of EMBL and SWISS-PROT, indicating that this could be the first report on N-terminal amino acid sequence of F6PPK.

    SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The data from this study will be used to design oligonucleotide probe specific for bifidobacteria and to study the gene encoded F6PPK.

  20. Tan TS, Syed Hassan S, Yap WB
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2017 Jun;64(6):446-451.
    PMID: 28370088 DOI: 10.1111/lam.12738
    The study aimed to construct a recombinant Lactobacillus casei expressing the nonstructural (NS) 1 protein of influenza A virus H5N1 on its cell wall. The NS1 gene was first amplified and fused to the pSGANC332 expression plasmid. The NS1 protein expression was carried out by Lact. casei strain C1. PCR screening and DNA sequencing confirmed the presence of recombinant pSG-NS1-ANC332 plasmid in Lact. casei. The plasmid was stably maintained (98·94 ± 1·65%) by the bacterium within the first 20 generations without selective pressure. The NS1 was expressed as a 49-kDa protein in association with the anchoring peptide. The yield was 1·325 ± 0·065 μg mg(-1) of bacterial cells. Lactobacillus casei expressing the NS1 on its cell wall was red-fluorescently stained, but the staining was not observed on Lact. casei carrying the empty pSGANC332. The results implied that Lact. casei strain C1 is a promising host for the expression of surface-bound NS1 protein using the pSGANC332 expression plasmid.

    SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The study has demonstrated, for the first time, the expression of nonstructural 1 (NS1) protein of influenza A virus H5N1 on the cell wall of Lactobacillus casei using the pSGANC332 expression plasmid. Display of NS1 protein on the bacterial cell wall was evident under an immunofluorescence microscopic observation. Lactobacillus casei carrying the NS1 protein could be developed into a universal oral influenza vaccine since the NS1 is highly conserved among influenza viruses.

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