Displaying all 5 publications

  1. Ameenudeen SA, Boo NY, Chan LG
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Mar;62(1):40-5.
    PMID: 17682569 MyJurnal
    To determine the significant risk factors associated with development of chronic lung disease (CLD) in Malaysian very low birthweight (VLBW, < 1501g) infants. A prospective observational study was carried out at the Sarawak General Hospital (SGH) in Kuching, over a period of 29 months from 1 April 2003 to 31 August 2005. Infants with birthweight between 600g to 1500g admitted to this hospital were recruited. The progress of these infants was followed till discharge. CLD was defined as the persistent need for oxygen therapy to maintain oxygen saturation above 88% at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. Of the 224 infants recruited, 36 (14.8%) had CLD. Logistic regression analysis showed that lower birth weight (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.996, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = 0.994, 0.998; p = 0.001), male infants (adjusted OR = 3.9, 95% CI = 1.6, 11.7; p = 0.02), chorioamnionitis (adjusted OR = 9.0, 95% CI = 1.6, 50.8; p = 0.01), severe respiratory distress syndrome of grades 3 or 4 (adjusted OR = 4.6, 95% CI =1.6, 13.2; P = 0.005) and patent ductus arteriosus (adjusted OR = 4.3, 95% CI = 1.5, 12.8; p = 0.007) were significant risk factors associated with development of CLD. A number of treatable conditions are associated with development of CLD in Malaysian VLBW infants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Lung Diseases/physiopathology
  2. Thakur AK, Chellappan DK, Dua K, Mehta M, Satija S, Singh I
    Expert Opin Ther Pat, 2020 May;30(5):375-387.
    PMID: 32178542 DOI: 10.1080/13543776.2020.1741547
    Introduction: Pulmonary route is one of the preferred routes for the administration of therapeutically active agents for systemic as well as localized delivery. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchial asthma, pneumonia, pulmonary hypertension, bronchiolitis, lung cancer, and tuberculosis are the major chronic diseases associated with the pulmonary system. Knowledge about the affecting factors, namely, the etiology, pathophysiology, and the various barriers (mechanical, chemical, immunological, and behavioral) in pulmonary drug delivery is essential to develop an effective drug delivery system. Formulation strategies and mechanisms of particle deposition in the lungs also play an important role in designing a suitable delivery system.Areas covered: In the present paper, various drug delivery strategies, viz. nanoparticles, microparticles, liposomes, powders, and microemulsions have been discussed systematically, from a patent perspective.Expert opinion: Patent publications on formulation strategies have been instrumental in the evolution of new techniques and technologies for safe and effective treatment of pulmonary diseases. New delivery systems are required to be simple/reproducible/scalable/cost-effective scale for manufacturing ability and should be safe/effective/stable/controllable for meeting quality and regulatory compliance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Lung Diseases/physiopathology
  3. Kardia E, Yusoff NM, Zakaria Z, Yahaya B
    J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv, 2014 Feb;27(1):30-4.
    PMID: 23409833 DOI: 10.1089/jamp.2012.1020
    Cell-based therapy has great potential to treat patients with lung diseases. The administration of cells into an injured lung is one method of repairing and replacing lost lung tissue. However, different types of delivery have been studied and compared, and none of the techniques resulted in engraftment of a high number of cells into the targeted organ. In this in vitro study, a novel method of cell delivery was introduced to investigate the possibility of delivering aerosolized skin-derived fibroblasts.
    Matched MeSH terms: Lung Diseases/physiopathology
  4. Capitanio S, Nordin AJ, Noraini AR, Rossetti C
    Eur Respir Rev, 2016 Sep;25(141):247-58.
    PMID: 27581824 DOI: 10.1183/16000617.0051-2016
    Positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (CT) is an established diagnostic modality that has become an essential imaging tool in oncological practice. However, thanks to its noninvasive nature and its capability to provide physiological information, the main applications of this technique have significantly expanded.(18)F-labelled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is the most commonly used radiopharmaceutical for PET scanning and demonstrates metabolic activity in various tissues. Since activated inflammatory cells, like malignant cells, predominantly metabolise glucose as a source of energy and increase expression of glucose transporters when activated, FDG-PET/CT can be successfully used to detect and monitor a variety of lung diseases, such as infections and several inflammatory conditions.The added value of FDG-PET/CT as a molecular imaging technique relies on its capability to identify disease in very early stages, long before the appearance of structural changes detectable by conventional imaging. Furthermore, by detecting the active phase of infectious or inflammatory processes, disease progression and treatment efficacy can be monitored.This review will focus on the clinical use of FDG-PET/CT in nonmalignant pulmonary diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Lung Diseases/physiopathology
  5. Liam CK, Menon A
    Singapore Med J, 1993 Apr;34(2):153-6.
    PMID: 8266159
    Fourteen cases of sarcoidosis consisting of 7 male and 7 female patients with a mean age of 42.4 years were seen at the University Hospital from 1972 to 1990. There were 10 Indians, 2 Malays, and 2 Chinese. Twelve patients had thoracic involvement. The other common disease manifestations included weight loss, arthralgia, hepatomegaly, erythema nodosum, peripheral lymphadenopathy, and hypercalcaemia. At initial presentation, the disease was in radiographic stage I, II, and III in 8, 3 and one patient respectively. The Kveim test was positive in 7 out of 9 patients. Eight patients required steroid therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Lung Diseases/physiopathology*
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links