A 30-year-old, nulliparous woman presented with a history of subfertility. On examination she was found to have uterine fibroid of 28 weeks size of gravid uterus and subsequently laporatomy myomectomy was performed. Multilobulated masses, with diameters ranging from 22 mm to 160 mm were found. Cut sections of the lobulated masses showed whitish whorled cut surface. One of the multilobulated masses had a cystic cavity, measuring 60x50x35 mm(3). Light microscopic findings of the mass with the cystic cavity showed a well-circumscribed cellular tumour composed of cells exhibiting moderate nuclear atypia which were enlarged, nuclei with prominent chromatin clumping and were distributed in areas. Some tumour cells showed large nuclear pseudoinclusions, multinucleated or multilobated tumour giant cells, smudging and few enlarged nucleoli. Mitotic activity was 4 MFs per 10 HPFs. Occasional cells with intracytoplasmic inclusions resembling rhabdoid - like features were seen. There were no atypical mitoses or tumour necroses were noted. Diagnosis of atypical leiomyoma or symplastic leiomyoma was made. Atypical or symplastic leiomyomas are rare in the region of Malaysia and the present case discusses its incidence in younger age, its morphological features along with diagnosis and clinical outcome.
Examination of routinely stained haematoxylin and eosin sections may sometimes prove inadequate in differentiating partial hydatidiform moles (PHM) from complete hydatidiform moles (CHM). While cytogenetic analysis can aid in the distinction, such facilities are not always available. The possibility of using immunohistochemistry to aid in the differentiation was studied. Twenty-five histologically proven CHM and 11 PHM were studied for their patterns of expression of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), human placental lactogen (hPL) and placental alkaline phosphatase (PIAP). All CHM stained diffusely with hCG and focally with both hPL and PIAP irrespective of gestational age. Of PHM, 63.6% were diffusely positive for hCG, 27.3% for hPL and 54.5% for PIAP; the rest were focally positive. The hCG pattern changed from diffuse to focal with increasing gestational age of PHM, while those of hPL and PIAP became increasingly diffuse with gestational age. While these protein expressions may be applied in differentiating late PHM from CHM, it is not useful in first trimester cases. The most helpful application is that focal expression of hCG and diffuse expressions of hPL and PIAP is not seen in CHM, thereby excluding such a diagnosis. PHM, in contrast, can show either diffuse or focal expression of all 3 antigens.