alpha1-Antitrypsin types were determined in 200 individual specimens of Malaysian Macaca irus. We found the pattern B in 76 samples, BC in 116, and C in 8. Assuming that these patterns are determined by codominant alleles at one locus, this distribution constitutes a significant (P less than 0.001) deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, because of an excess of BC and low prevalence of C. We found no clear evidence for the presence of alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency comparable to the situation in man.
Eight cases of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis occurring in an oriental population are reported. The patients were mostly middle-aged, and there was a female preponderence. Nephrectomy controlled the disease in all cases. Diagnosis on clinical and radiological grounds is difficult, and it is often only made on pathological examination of the kidney after nephrectomy. The nature of the disease remains obscure.