• 1 School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia
J Radiol Prot, 2010 Sep;30(3):585-96.
PMID: 20826892 DOI: 10.1088/0952-4746/30/3/012


Interventional cardiology (IC) procedures are known to give high radiation doses to patients and cardiologists as they involve long fluoroscopy times and several cine runs. Patients' dose measurements were carried out at the cardiology department in a local hospital in Penang, Malaysia, using Gafchromic XR-RV2 films. The dosimetric properties of the Gafchromic film were first characterised. The film was energy and dose rate independent but dose dependent for the clinically used values. The film had reproducibility within ± 3% when irradiated on three different days and hence the same XR-RV2 dose-response calibration curve can be used to obtain patient entrance skin dose on different days. The increase in the response of the film post-irradiation was less than 4% over a period of 35 days. For patient dose measurements, the films were placed on the table underneath the patient for an under-couch tube position. This study included a total of 44 patients. Values of 35-2442 mGy for peak skin dose (PSD) and 10.9-344.4 Gy cm(2) for dose-area product (DAP) were obtained. DAP was found to be a poor indicator of PSD for PTCA procedures but there was a better correlation (R(2) = 0.7344) for CA + PTCA procedures. The highest PSD value in this study exceeded the threshold dose value of 2 Gy for early transient skin injury recommended by the Food and Drug Administration.

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