Surgical reduction of luteal tissue to about 20% of its total mass on day 5 pc was found to maintain gestation till term. A high degree of fetal loss was, however, evident. An identical surgical manipulation at the end of maximal luteal maturity, that is, on day 16 pc, resulted in normal maintenance of gestation. Fetal growth and their survival rate were found to be comparable to controls. An exclusive surgical extirpation of corpora lutea, on the other hand, either on day 16, 17, 18 or 19 was found to cause 100% fetal loss by day 23. However, progesterone replacement therapy concurrently with surgical luteal ablation till day 20, or surgical extirpation of the entire luteal mass when shifted on day 20, led the pregnancy to term. Present experimental findings, therefore, suggest that only about 20% of the functionally matured luteal mass until day 20 is essentially enough to maintain an ideal pregnancy status till term.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.